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date: 07 August 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Mark DickensMark Dickens

The land ‘beyond the *Oxus’, referred to in *Arabic as Ma wara’ al-nahr, ‘what lies beyond the river’, by Islamic geographers and historians, who defined it as Muslim territory north of the Oxus. Although Transoxiana’s borders were loosely demarcated, depending on political conditions, they generally included all territories between the Oxus and Jaxartes: ... ...

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