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The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Shaun TougherShaun Tougher


Short-lived emperor (27 June 363–17 February 364), a Christian from Singidunum. His father was the Comes Domesticorum Varronian, and his father-in-law the general Lucillian. Jovian was a protector domesticus under Constantius II and became Primicerius Domesticorum under Julian. He was on Julian’s Persian expedition and the army selected him as emperor after Julian’s death. Jovian’s infant son Varronian was his father’s consular colleague for 364. Ammianus blames Jovian for the disadvantageous treaty with the Persians which gave them Nisibis. Jovian died suddenly (and apparently naturally) on the return journey to Constantinople, aged 33.

Shaun Tougher


PLRE I, Fl. Iovianus 3.

Matthews, Ammianus, 183–8.Find this resource: