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date: 23 October 2019

fasting, Jewish and Christian 

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Author(s):
Columba StewartColumba Stewart

The ascetic practice of regulating quantity and kind of both food and drink for philosophical or religious purposes.Dietary regulation was a central feature of Jewish religious practice, with days of fasting appointed each week (Monday and Thursday), fasts associated with holy days, and fasting linked to a personal undertaking (e.g. Nazirite vow). Jewish religious law also regulated kinds of food that were allowable and those that were forbidden. Acceptable animals were those that have a cloven hoof and chew their cud (Leviticus 11:3; Deuteronomy 14:6), thus forbidding e.g. pork, ... ...

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