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date: 23 October 2019

fasting, Jewish and Christian 

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Columba StewartColumba Stewart

The ascetic practice of regulating quantity and kind of both food and drink for philosophical or religious purposes.Dietary regulation was a central feature of Jewish religious practice, with days of fasting appointed each week (Monday and Thursday), fasts associated with holy days, and fasting linked to a personal undertaking (e.g. Nazirite vow). Jewish religious law also regulated kinds of food that were allowable and those that were forbidden. Acceptable animals were those that have a cloven hoof and chew their cud (Leviticus 11:3; Deuteronomy 14:6), thus forbidding e.g. pork, ... ...

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