The Oxford Biblical Studies Online and Oxford Islamic Studies Online have retired. Content you previously purchased on Oxford Biblical Studies Online or Oxford Islamic Studies Online has now moved to Oxford Reference, Oxford Handbooks Online, Oxford Scholarship Online, or What Everyone Needs to Know®. For information on how to continue to view articles visit the subscriber services page.
Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 July 2022


The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Jonathan BardillJonathan Bardill, Oliver NicholsonOliver Nicholson

An approximately hemispherical structure of stone, *brick, hollow tubes, volcanic scoriae, or wood. A dome may sit directly upon a rotunda, but if it covers a polygonal space, transitional elements are necessary. If the polygonal space is defined by a pier at each corner, arches are built connecting adjacent piers, their crowns serving as the seat of the dome. The space between adjacent arches and the dome base is often filled with a triangular segment of a spherical surface (pendentive) to create a continuous circular footing for the dome. A dome may be shallow, continuing the curve of the pendentives (a ‘pendentive dome’ or ‘domical vault’), or steeper, having a radius smaller than that of the pendentives (a ‘dome on pendentives’). An alternative method for creating continuous support for the base of a dome over a polygonal space involved constructing squinches (lintels or arches) across the angles.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.