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date: 21 September 2019


The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity
Susan WhitfieldSusan Whitfield

After the fall of the Han dynasty in ad 220, central China divided—the Three Kingdoms period (200–80). The Jin dynasty (265–420) succeeded in reuniting the country but from about 400 China was again split, this time on north–south lines (the Northern and Southern Dynasties). Many of the rulers of the north were from the steppe and it was under these, such as the Xiongnu Northern Liang (397–439) and the Tuoba Northern Wei (383–535), that people, goods, and ideas were exchanged along land routes secured under the Han. These routes connected China with ... ...

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