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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
E. A. LivingstoneE. A. Livingstone



Visigothic leader. Of noble family, until 395 he combined a prominent position in the Gothic world with high office in the Imperial army; after the death of Theodosius I, he sought a more important and regular place in the Empire and, on being frustrated, turned to violence. He besieged Rome in 408 and 409 before entering and sacking it in 410. This event prompted St Augustine's City of God.