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aquatint

Source:
The Oxford Companion to the Book

aquatint 

An *intaglio printing process that, like *etching, uses acid to bite the design into a metal *plate. A powdered, acid-resistant resin ground—shaken onto the plate and fused by heat—creates a surface whose grainy texture is particularly suited to imitating the tonal effects of wash drawings. Shading is achieved by controlled biting (the frequency and timing of the plate’s immersion in the acid bath); linear details can be added using etching needles and other tools. J. R. *Abbey’s catalogues of aquatints and *lithographs provide an indispensable guide to the study of 18th- and 19th-century illustrated topographical publications.

Judy Crosby Ivy