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date: 31 October 2020

abacus schools. 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Gordon Campbell

From the late thirteenth century onwards, many towns and guilds paid an ‘abacus master’ to teach mathematics to a given number of boys who intended to engage in commerce or the crafts. There were also private abacus schools, in all of which teaching was in the vernacular. Such schools are best documented in Tuscany, but similar developments seem to have occurred elsewhere. With the rise of international ... ...

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