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date: 31 October 2020

orders, architectural. 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Gordon Campbell

An architecture order consists of a column incorporating a base (if any), shaft, and capital surmounted by its entablature (architrave, frieze, and cornice). The Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders are Greek in origin, and the Tuscan and Composite orders are Roman. In ancient Greece the Doric column, which had twenty broad flutes with sharp edges, had no base (though it acquired one in Roman Doric); its capital had an ovolo moulding (i.e. one whose profile was one-quarter of a circle) that in medieval and Renaissance architecture was known as quadrant moulding. The Ionic column usually had 24 flutes divided by fillets; its capital resembled a partly opened scroll, the spirals of which are known as volutes. The Corinthian order is distinguished from Ionic by its capital, which is decorated with ... ...

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