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date: 19 September 2020


The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance
Simon WilliamsSimon Williams

A movement that transformed the arts, literature, and intellectual culture of Europe and America at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries. A highly complex phenomenon, romanticism articulated the ideals and aspirations of radical forces that had been unleashed by the French Revolution. In its early phases, romantic culture was optimistic, reflecting confidence that the utopia sought for by revolution was achievable; in its latter phases, especially after the fall of ... ...

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