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date: 06 July 2020

folk and folklore 

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance
John BarnesJohn Barnes

An important theme in Western thought about culture; the assumed origin of dramatic art among scholars of some schools; the body of collected and recorded oral tradition from which many theatre practitioners in various cultures have drawn. Western culture is deeply originalist; the peoples of Europe have always been obsessed with where things and ideas came from. As democracy spread through European culture, critics came reflexively to attribute the origins and ‘vitality’ of artistic traditions to their roots in the oral tradition of the communal folk. Despite the poverty of evidence on any side of the question, drama was said to begin either in a primitive phase of undifferentiated classless society, or among peasants, shepherds, and illiterates, from whom it gathered its energy and meaning—certainly not among kings, warriors, or scholars.... ...

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