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date: 30 October 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Michael Kent

One of four muscles (scalenus anterior, scalenus medius, scalenus minimus, and scalenus posterior) located anterolaterally on each side of the neck, deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle. They have their origins on the transverse processes of the cervical vertebrae and their insertions posteriolaterally on the first two ribs. They flex and rotate the neck, and elevate the first two ribs during inspiration.... ...

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