General Links for this Work
General Links for this Work
Australian History on the Internet This gateway to Australian history resources is maintained by the National Library of Australia. It provides links to Australian historical documents online, internet journals, websites, and information gateways to Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander history sources.
Australian Libraries Gateway This collaborative information hub provides information about the collections of over 5,400 libraries throughout Australia. An easy starting point is to select ‘Find A Library’ on the homepage, then choose ‘Australian History’ in the ‘Search by Subject’ option. This opens up a variety of easy pathways to collection descriptions, online catalogues, online exhibitions, and links to other history-related websites.
Australian Museums and Galleries Online AMOL is another collaborative project that brings together Commonwealth, State and Territory Governments and the cultural sector in order to increase access to Australia's heritage collections. Select ‘National Guide’ from the homepage, then ‘Browse Museum Types’. This provides a well-organized list of sites, arranged into categories such as Social History Museum, Historic Trust, Historic Site, Historical Society, Historic Display, House Museum, Science Museum, Maritime Museum, Transport Museum, and Military Museum.
H-ANZAU An electronic forum on the history and culture of Australia and New Zealand, which is sponsored by H-Net: Humanities On-Line. The site provides access to a scholarly discussion list, and to its subject-searchable discussion archives which date back to 1995. It also hosts The Electronic Journal of Australian and New Zealand History.
Documenting a Democracy: Australia's Story Australian federal and state archives offices joined to produce this resource, which is coordinated by the Australian Archives. The site uses documents and images in order to present a series of interwoven pathways into Australia's past.
Hindsight The Australian Broadcasting Commission's highly regarded Radio National ‘history on air’ programme, produced by the ABC's Social History and Features Team. The site delivers recent programmes on audio stream, and contains archives of programmes dating back to 1999.
Picture Australia Visual evidence underpins historical understanding, and this brilliant site makes Australian historical pictorial sources available to all. Picture Australia links together the collections of 27 important libraries, museums, and galleries into one online searchable database.
Australia Innovates This quirky guide to inventiveness in Australian history is offered by Sydney's Powerhouse Museum. Its browse facility gives users historical overviews of such Australian icons as the Sunshine harvester, Vegemite, and the ‘ute’ (known as ‘kangaroo chasers’ when introduced to the United States in 1934), and provides follow-up references and web links.
Bringing them Home The 1997 Report of the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families caused a sea-change in both historical understanding of race relations in Australia, and awareness of intractable human rights issues today. The full report can be accessed through the Reconciliation and Social Justice Library, on the Australian Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission website.
Chinese Heritage of Australian Federation The Chinese Heritage of Australian Federation Project celebrates the contribution of Australia's Chinese communities to Australian history. It is supported by The National Council for the Centenary of Federation, La Trobe University, the Museum of Chinese Australian History, and East China Normal University. The site includes online indexes, databases, teaching resources, and web links. Under ‘Stories’ it also contains a large (and growing) number of fascinating vignettes about individual lives.
Federation Gateway This site, maintained by the National Library of Australia, describes the steps that led up to the establishment of the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. In so doing, it provides primary data online (such as the full proceedings of the Federation Conventions during the 1890s) and a comprehensive guide to historical sources.
Our Nation's First Capital: Federation and the City of Melbourne, 1901–27 Three interesting ‘virtual tours’ of Melbourne (Australia's first Federal Capital) unfold here, the result of a project coordinated by the Public Record Office Victoria. The tours comprise guide maps, narrative, and historical photographs in order to explore the movement for Federation, the opening of the first Federal Parliament, and the subsequent development of Federal governance.
Australia's Prime Ministers This Australian Archives site gives casual users timelines and biographies for all Australia's prime ministers. It also has a detailed searchable database of documents and visual and audio materials.
Parliamentary handbook of the Commonwealth of Australia The Handbook is maintained by the Parliament of Australia. Select ‘Historical Parliamentary Information’ to obtain a wealth of detail about parliamentary chronologies since Federation, members of parliament, political party representation in parliament, prime ministers, cabinets and shadow cabinets, governors general, and senior bureaucrats.
Documents on Australian Foreign Policy The Historical Documents Unit in the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade has assembled on this site a large number of government records relating to foreign affairs between the 1930s and the 1950s. The site also contains a searchable electronic database of thousands of pages of key historical documents.
Register of the National Estate Historic sites and places provide some of the most tangible and evocative gateways to Australia's past. This site, maintained by the Australian Department of Environment and Heritage, provides a comprehensive (although not well-structured) list of places of national heritage significance.
NSW Heritage Office This New South Wales site contains online databases of the State Heritage Inventory and State Heritage Register. It also explains important themes such as Aboriginal heritage, archaeology, moveable heritage, and multicultural heritage (and in doing so offers downloadable histories of topics as diverse as shopping heritage and Italo-Australian history).
HMS Pandora Maritime archaeology offers the most dramatic examples of heritage sites that highlight important events in Australian history. Queensland Museum's showcase of the Pandora shipwreck is a case in point. In 1790 the British frigate Pandora was sent to capture the mutineers who had rebelled against William Bligh on the Bounty. On its return journey in 1791 the ship hit a reef on the Great Barrier Reef and sank. Thirty-one crew and four mutineers died. This site tells their story, and that of the ongoing marine archaeological project to investigate the shipwreck site.
Catherine Helen Spence: A Bibliography This impeccably crafted website, maintained by the State Library of South Australia, tells the history of Catherine Helen Spence (1825–1910), a pioneering feminist, social reformer, writer, and Australia's first female political candidate. It also contains a massive searchable bibliography of items about and by Spence. A large selection of these data can be viewed online.
A Golden Heritage Gold mining is among the most iconoclastic events in Australian history. This site, maintained by Heritage Victoria, presents a fair overview of this often-clicheed transformation of nineteenth-century Australian society.
Eureka on Trial: Archives of the Eureka Stockade The Eureka uprising on the Ballarat goldfield in 1854 is a defining moment in Australian history. This website, produced by the Public Record Office Victoria, presents about 90 documents that trace the lead-up to Eureka and its aftermath.
Ned Online: Documents on the Kelly Outbreak Ned Kelly is the dominating figure in Australian folklore. How does national legend compare with the social history of rural settlement in Victoria during the 1860s and 1870s which sparked the ‘Kelly outbreak’? This website, drawing upon documents at the Public Record Office Victoria, traces the Kelly gang from its beginning in 1878 to the Glenrowan shoot-out and Kelly's execution in 1880. This history is related to broader themes, and is systematically linked to the primary documents which form the website's centrepiece.
Visit Gallipoli If Eureka is the defining event in nineteenth-century Australian popular history, Gallipoli is its equivalent for the twentieth century. At Gallipoli the ‘digger’ of the nineteenth-century Australian goldfields is transformed into the citizen-soldier of the new Commonwealth of Australia. This well-presented site, maintained by the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs, tells the history of the Allied landing at Gallipoli in 1915, and also explores conservation and interpretation issues at Gallipoli today. The site also contains a vast amount of documentary and visual material about the frontline, the homefront, and the developing Anzac Legend.
Around the Rugged Rocks ‘The Rocks’ is the oldest area of permanent European settlement in Australia. This inner-city working-class neighbourhood, convict and immigrant in its origins, was derided for much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries as a notorious slum. Historians have recently begun to correct this misrepresentation. This site, using data from State Records New South Wales, traces the development of this complex urban landscape from the time of European settlement until the early 1930s when the construction of the Sydney Harbour Bridge tore much of this neighbourhood apart.
Australian Trade Union Archives The Australian Trade Union Archives (ATUA) is an online gateway for the study of labour history. Its online database links historical information about Australian industrial organizations (mainly trade unions but also employer bodies and government agencies). The site also includes short entries on selected events and individuals.