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Directory of Contributors

Source:
The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Directory of Contributors

Katherine Barbara Aaslestad

West Virginia University

Holy Roman Empire; Schleswig-Holstein

Dahlia Abdel-Fattah

Qatar University

Greeks in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Jews: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Luxor; Mamluks

Mohammad Abderrazzaq

Department of Islamic Studies, Boston University

Khawarij and Ibadiyya; Sunnis

Manolo Abella

International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland

Migrant Labor: Overview

Thomas A. Abercrombie

Department of Anthropology, New York University

Indigenous Religions in Latin America

Malek Abisaab

Department of History and Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill University

Organization of the Islamic Conference

Diana Abouali

Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literatures, Dartmouth College

Family and Kinship: The Middle East and North Africa

Younes Abouyoub

Department of Political Sociology, Université de Paris VII Denis-Diderot; Columbia University

Middle East: The United States and the Middle East

Michael Adas

Department of History, Rutgers University

Civilizing Mission: British Empire; Millenarian Movements

Holger Afflerbach

School of History, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Triple Alliance; Triple Entente

Jaime R. Aguila

Arizona State University, Polytechnic

Hidalgo Revolt; Institutional Revolutionary Party

Sandra Aguilar-Rodríguez

Department of Sociology, School of Social Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Migration: Rural-Urban Migration in Latin America

Carlos Aguirre

Department of History, University of Oregon

Prisons and Punishment: Prison Colonies and Islands and Latin America

Sanjam Ahluwalia

Departments of History and Women's Studies, Northern Arizona University

Birth Control: South Asia

Feroz Ahmad

Department of History and Political Science, Yeditepe University, Istanbul

Turkey

Thomas J. Ahnert

School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh

Scottish Enlightenment

Reuben Ahroni

Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Ohio State University

Magic Carpet Operation

Thomas Aiello

University of Louisiana, Lafayette

Football

Yousef Al-Abdulla

History Program, College of Art and Science, Qatar University

Qatar

José Alamillo

Department of Comparative Ethnic Studies, Washington State University

Baseball: Overview

Samad J. Alavi

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley

White Revolution

Robert J. Alderson

Department of History, Georgia Perimeter College

Republicanism

Kristian Alexander

Department of Political Science, University of Utah

Iran-Iraq War; Marine Barracks Bombing

Ross C. Alexander

Department of Political Science, North Georgia College and State University

Local Government

Moneera Al-Ghadeer

Department of African Languages and Literature, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Arabic Language and Literature

Howayda Al-Harithy

Department of Architecture and Design, American University of Beirut

Architecture: Islamic Architecture

Guy S. Alitto

Department of History, University of Chicago

Chinese Revolutions; Collectivization: East Asia; Communism: The Chinese Communist Party; Maoism: Overview; Political Parties: China; Revolutionary Alliance

Tariq al-Jamil

Department of Religion, Swarthmore College

Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

Calvin H. Allen Jr.

Department of History, Shenandoah University

Dhofar Rebellion; Oman

James Smith Allen

Department of History, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Realism; Romanticism

Alan Allport

Department of History, University of Pennsylvania

MI5; World War II: The Pacific and East Asia

Nabil Al-Tikriti

Department of History, University of Mary Washington

Tikrit

Luisela Alvaray

College of Communication, DePaul University

Film: Latin America

Jan-Åke Alvarsson

Department of Cultural Anthropology, Uppsala University, Sweden

Missions, Christian: Protestant Missions in Latin America

Joseph Anthony Amato

Southwest Minnesota State University, Emeritus

Dust; Memorials and Commemoration; Walking

Andy Ambrose

Atlanta History Center

Atlanta

David L. Anderson

College of University Studies and Programs, California State University, Monterey Bay

Indochina War, First; Indochina War, Second

Robert J. Antony

Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Macau

Barbary Pirates

Christopher Anzalone

Indiana University, Bloomington

Madrassa; Shia

Julia J. Apicella

Department of Middle Eastern Studies, University of Mary Washington

Aden

Joyce Apsel

New York University

Guantánamo; Seneca Falls Convention

Julio Aramberri

Department of Hospitality Management, Drexel University

Tourism: Southeast Asia

David Arase

Department of Politics, Pomona College

Constitutionalism: East Asia; Parliamentary Government in East Asia

Joseph L. Arbena

Department of History, Clemson University, Emeritus

Baseball: Latin America

Anthony Clark Arend

Department of Government, Georgetown University

Law, International

Waskar T. Ari Chachaki

Department of History, University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Universidad Mayor de San Andres, La Paz, Bolivia

Aymara Movement

Mehmet Arisan

Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

Kemalism

David Armstrong

Department of Politics, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Hague Peace Conferences

Diego Armus

Department of History, Swarthmore College

Health and Disease: Latin America; Medicine and Public Health: Latin America

Walter Arnstein

Department of History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

England

Andrea Arrington

Department of History, University of Arkansas

Zambia; Zimbabwe

Minda Lee Arrow

Jerusalem

Sykes-Picot Agreement; Syria, Greater

Catherine B. Ash

Department of History, Wayne State University

Loi Cadre

Marc Askew

Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia

Bangkok

Tommaso Astarita

Department of History, Georgetown University

Naples, Kingdom of

Ivanka N. Atanasova

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Bulgaria

Christopher Atwood

Department of Central Eurasian Studies, Indiana University

Family and Kinship: Mongolia; Nomadism: Overview and East Asia

Gerasimos Augustinos

University of South Carolina

Greece; Greek-Turkish War

Michael Auslin

Yale University

Japan: Japanese Foreign Relations; “Unequal Treaties”

Harry Aveling

Department of Asian Studies, La Trobe University, Melbourne

Novel: Southeast Asia; Southeast Asian Languages and Literature

Nicodemus Fru Awasom

Department of Arts, Languages and Humanities, University of the Gambia

Cameroon

Cemil Aydin

University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Pan-Asianism

Maha Azzam-Nusseibeh

Weston, Massachusetts

United Arab Republic

Sarah Bachman

Independent Scholar, La Honda, California

Child Labor: Overview

Don Baker

Department of Asian Studies, University of British Columbia

Christianity: East Asia; Kwangju Rebellion; Medicine and Public Health: East Asia; New Religions: East Asia

Jaromír Balcar

Historisches Seminar, Abteilung für Neueste Geschichte und Zeitgeschichte, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich

Bavaria

Susan Davis Baldino

Department of History, Florida State University

Museums

Deniz Balgamis

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Madison; Center for Turkish Studies

Kazakhstan

Sekhar Bandyopadhyay

History Programme, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

India

Adrian A. Bantjes

Department of History, University of Wyoming

Mexican Revolution

Shelley Baranowski

Department of History, University of Akron

Tourism: Overview

Daniel Barbezat

Department of Economics, Amherst College

Cartels

David E. Barclay

Department of History, Kalamazoo College

Carlsbad Decrees; Prussia

Robert Newton Barger

College of Arts and Letters, University of Notre Dame

Education: The United States

Roderick J. Barman

Department of History, University of British Columbia

Brazilian Empire

Steven A. Barnes

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Gulag; Secret Police; Stalinism

Theresa A. Barnes

Department of History, University of the Western Cape

Urbanism and Urbanization: Africa

Jason Barrett-Fox

Department of American Studies, University of Kansas

Freudianism

Kathryn Barrett-Gaines

Department of Social Science, University of Maryland Eastern Shore

Entebbe Hijacking; Firestone Rubber Corporation; Telegraph: Africa; Uganda

Leland Conley Barrows

General Studies Division, Voorhees College

Colonialism: Africa; Concessionary Companies in Africa; Equatorial Guinea; Humanitarianism; Neocolonialism in Africa; Somalia

Andrea Bartoli

Center for International Conflict Resolution, Columbia University

Addis Ababa Agreement

Patricia Barton

Department of History, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow

Drugs and Narcotics: Overview, The Pharmaceutical Industry, Drugs and the Drug Trade in South Asia, and Drugs and the Drug Trade in Southeast Asia

Birol Baskan

Department of International Affairs, Qatar University

Middle East: Russia and the Middle East; Pan-Turkism

Danielle Battisti

Department of History, State University of New York, Buffalo

Immigrant Communities; Immigrant Nationalisms

Edna G. Bay

Institute of Liberal Arts, Emory University

Voudoun

Polly Beals

Department of History, Southern Connecticut State University

Socialism: Europe

Peri Bearman

Islamic Legal Studies Program, Harvard Law School

Law: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Edward N. Beatty

Department of History, University of Notre Dame

Modernization: Latin America

Marc Becker

Division of Social Science, Truman State University

Ecuador, Indigenous Uprisings in; Indigenous Languages in Latin America; Indigenous Movements in Latin America

Joel Beinin

American University in Cairo

Anti-Semitism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Pieter H. F. Bekker

New York Bar

Lockerbie Bombing

Steven Beller

Independent Scholar, Washington, D.C.

Austria

Mériam N. Belli

History Office, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Modernization: The Middle East and North Africa

James R. Belpedio

Department of Liberal Arts, Becker College

Reparations

Zvi Ben-Dor Benite

Department of History, New York University

China: Autonomous Regions; Islam: China; Minorities: Minority Nationalities in China

Alan F. Benjamin

Department of Jewish Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Caribbean: The Dutch Caribbean

Eliezer Ben-Rafael

Department of Sociology, Tel-Aviv University

Kibbutz

V. R. Berghahn

Department of History, Columbia University

Bülow Tariffs

Henry Bernstein

Department of Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Peasants: Overview and Africa

Phillip Berryman

Department of Latin American Studies, Temple University

Liberation Theology

Ned Bertz

Department of History, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa

Seychelles

Russell Bestley

School of Graphic Design, London College of Communication

Punk Music

Robert Betts

University of Balamand, Al-Kurah, Lebanon

Nestorian Christians

Mark Bevir

Department of Political Science, University of California, Berkeley

Fabianism

Richard H. Beyler

Department of History, Portland State University

Physics

Manu Bhagavan

Department of History, Hunter College, City University of New York

Indian National Congress; Indian Nationalism

Surendra Bhana

Department of History, University of Kansas

Asians in Africa

David Biggs

Department of History, University of California, Riverside

Environment: Environment and Pollution in Southeast Asia and Environmentalism and Environmental Movements in Southeast Asia

Frank A. Biletz

Department of History, Loyola University, Chicago

Irish Republican Army

Fahad A. Bishara

Durham, North Carolina

Hejaz; Kuwait; Saudi Arabia

Michael B. Bishku

Department of History, Anthropology, and Philosophy, Augusta State University

Caucasus

Donald F. Bittner

Department of History, United States Marine Corps Command and Staff College

Falkland Islands War

Bob Blackman

Department of History, Hampden-Sydney College

Civil Constitution of the Clergy

Robert E. Blobaum

Department of History, West Virginia University

Poland; Solidarity; Warsaw Pact

J. C. H. Blom

Netherlands Institute for War Documentation, Amsterdam, Emeritus

Netherlands, The

Marjie Bloy

Independent Scholar, Rotherham, United Kingdom

Crimean War

Morten Bøås

Fafo Institute for Applied International Studies, Oslo

Trade, International: Africa

Johanna Bockman

Global Affairs Program, George Mason University

Economics

John Boli

Department of Sociology, Emory University

International NGOs

Patrick Bond

School of Development Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

World Bank: World Bank and the IMF in Africa

Elias K. Bongmba

Department of Religious Studies, Rice University

Traditional Authority in Africa; Traditional Religion, African

Hubert Bonin

Sciences Po Bordeaux and GRETHA–University of Bordeaux, France

Banking; Benin; Foreign Investment: The United States; French Union; Paternalism: Overview; Planning, Economic; Postindustrial Revolution

Michael E. Bonine

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Arizona

Deserts and Desertification: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

John A. Booth

Department of Political Science, University of North Texas

Contras

David Bornstein

New York, New York

Grameen Bank

Mark Borrello

Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior, University of Minnesota

Evolution

Daniel Bortolotti

Independent Scholar, Aurora, Ontario

Doctors without Borders

James Boughton

Department of Policy Development and Review, International Monetary Fund, Washington, D.C.

International Monetary Fund

Markus E. Bouillon

International Peace Academy, New York City

Camp David Accords

Richard Bourke

Department of History, Queen Mary, University of London

Northern Ireland

Tamara Renee Bowen

Georgetown University

Trade, International: Overview

Peter Bowler

Department of Anthropological Studies, Queen's University, Belfast

Darwinism

Paul Bowles

University of Northern British Columbia

Inflation

Linda Boxberger

Yemen College of Middle Eastern Studies and Yemen Language Center

Yemen

Michael Bracy

Department of History, Oklahoma State University

Alexandria

Richard Bradshaw

Department of History, Centre College

Mercenaries

Lisa Brady

Department of History, Boise State University

Natural Disasters: Overview

Gregg A. Brazinsky

George Washington University

Cold War: East Asia

Rob Breton

Department of English Studies, Nipissing University, Ontario

Victorianism

Jane Bristol-Rhys

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates

Abu Dhabi

James Brophy

Department of History, University of Delaware

Rhine Basin; Rhine, Confederation of the

Eric Dorn Brose

Department of History and Politics, Drexel University

Germany; Zollverein

George C. Browder

State University of New York, Fredonia, Emeritus

Gestapo; SS

Brack Brown

Department of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University, Emeritus

Danube Basin; Prague

Chelsea Brown

Department of Political Science, Southern Methodist University

Burundi

Kendall Brown

Department of History, Brigham Young University

Bourbon Reforms

Kevin D. Brown

School of Law, Indiana University, Bloomington

Affirmative Action

Rebecca M. Brown

Department of Politics and International Relations, Swansea University, Wales

Art: Overview and South Asia; Diasporas: Diasporas and Migration in South Asia; Varanasi

Richmond F. Brown

Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida

Conservatism: Latin America

Stewart J. Brown

University of Edinburgh

Church of Scotland; Disruption in the Scottish Kirk

William H. Brown

North Carolina Office of Archives and History

American Revolution; French and Indian War; War of 1812

Scott Brunger

Department of Economics, Maryville College

Togo

Samuel Brunk

Department of History, University of Texas, El Paso

Zapatismo

Henry J. Bruton

Center for Development Economics, Williams College

Import Substitution

Robert A. Bryant

Department of Religion and Philosophy, Presbyterian College

Language

Edward Brynn

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Catholic Emancipation

Uradyn E. Bulag

Department of Social Anthropology, University of Cambridge

Mongolia

Stephen Bull

Department of Military History and Archaeology, Lancashire County Museums

Military: Military Technology

Vern L. Bullough

University of Southern California

Eunuchs; White Slavery

Barbara Burman

University of Southampton, United Kingdom

Clothing

Virginia G. Burnett

Department of Latin American Studies, University of Texas

Catholicism: Catholicism and Folk Catholicism in Latin America

John Burnham

Department of History, Ohio State University

Psychiatry

Susan Burns

Department of History, University of Chicago

Nativism: Japan

Ken Burnside

Gulfport, Mississippi

Persian Gulf War; United States: Wars and Armed Conflicts

Jonathan A. Bush

Independent Scholar, Washington, D.C.

Nürnberg Trials

David Bushnell

Department of History, University of Florida, Emeritus

Gran Colombia

Noah Butler

Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University

Niger; Sahel; Whaling

Richard Byers

Department of History, North Georgia College and State University

Dreadnought; Navies; Peace Conferences; Washington Naval Conference

Randall Bytwerk

Department of Communication Arts and Sciences, Calvin College

Propaganda

Hugh Glenn Cagle

Rutgers University

Blues, The; United Fruit Company

Emily Callaci

Department of History, Northwestern University

World War I: Africa

Cameron Campbell

Department of Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles

Population and Demography: East Asia

Gwyn Campbell

Department of History, McGill University

Madagascar

Ian Campbell

Department of History, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji Islands

Oceania

David A. Campion

Department of History, Lewis and Clark College

Nationalism: Britain, the British Empire, and the British Commonwealth

John P. Cann

University of Virginia, Charlottesville

Empire and Imperialism: The Portuguese Colonial Empire

Brendon J. Cannon

Department of Political Science, University of Utah

Uzbekistan

Peter Carey

Trinity College, Oxford

Java War

Pádraig Carmody

Department of Geography, Trinity College, Dublin

Authoritarianism

John M. Carroll

Department of History, Saint Louis University

Hong Kong

Cathryn Carson

Department of History, University of California, Berkeley

Quantum Physics

Mina Carson

Department of History, Oregon State University

Settlement Houses

Siobhan Carter-David

Department of History, Indiana University

Black Power; Hip-Hop

Robert J. Cassinelli

American River College

Arms, Armaments, and the Armaments Industry: Overview and The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Nuclear Energy: Nuclear Capability and Nuclear Energy in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Adam Cathcart

Department of History, Hiram College

Tonghak Movement

Sueann Caulfield

Department of History, University of Michigan

Prostitution: Latin America

Carl D. Cavalli

Department of Political Science, North Georgia College and State University

Bureaucracy; Summit Meetings

Jack Censer

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Declaration of the Rights of Man; French Revolution

Hugo Ceron-Anaya

Department of Sociology, University of Essex, United Kingdom

Golf

Martha Chaiklin

Department of History, University of Pittsburgh

Spices

Sanjoy Chakravorty

Department of Geography and Urban Studies, Temple University

Industrialization: South Asia; Kolkata; Urbanism and Urbanization: South Asia

Jeffrey T. Chamberlain

Department of Modern and Classical Languages, George Mason University

French Language and Literature

Jessica M. Chapman

Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara

Vietnam

William Chapman

Historic Preservation Program, Department of American Studies, University of Hawai᾽i, Manoa

Architecture: Southeast Asia; Art: Southeast Asia

Michael W. Charney

Department of History and Centre of South East Asia Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Anglo-Burmese Wars; Mandalay; Myanmar; Yangon

Eric Charry

Department of Music, Wesleyan University

Music: Africa

E. Charles Chatfield

Department of History, Wittenberg University, Emeritus

Pacifism: Overview

Swati Chattopadhyay

Department of History of Art and Architecture, University of California, Santa Barbara

Architecture: South Asia; Taj Mahal

Dawn Chatty

Department of International Development, University of Oxford

Bedouin

Bridget Chesterton

Department of History and Social Studies Education, State University of New York, Buffalo

Paraguay

Barry Chevannes

University of the West Indies, Mona

Rastafarianism

Ernest C. T. Chew

University Scholars Programme, National University of Singapore

Singapore

Jorge L. Chinea

Center for Chicaon–Boricua Studies, Wayne State University

Puerto Rico

Ann Chisholm

Department of Communications Studies, California State University, Northridge

Physical Fitness

Minja Kim Choe

Population and Health Research Program, East-West Center, Honolulu

Family and Kinship: Korea

Jamsheed K. Choksy

Departments of History and Religious Studies, Indiana University

Zoroastrianism

Preeti Chopra

Department of Languages & Cultures of Asia, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Mumbai

Amitava Chowdhury

Department of History, Washington State University

Coolie Trade; Diasporas: Overview; Indentured Labor; Slavery: Antislavery in Britain; Slave Trade: Abolition in Britain

Margaret Chowning

Department of History, University of California, Berkeley

Mexico

Samantha Christiansen

Department of History, Northeastern University

Human Rights: South Asia

Jason L. Churchill

Independent Scholar, North Gower, Ontario

Ecotourism; Environment: Environmental Disasters; James Bay Hydroelectric Project; Kyoto Protocol

Diane Ciekawy

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ohio University

Magic

Gregory Clancey

Department of History, National University of Singapore

Natural Disasters: Asia

Julia Clancy-Smith

Department of History, University of Arizona

Algeria

Andrew F. Clark

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Gambia

Samuel Clark

Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario

Aristocracy: Europe

Patricia Clavin

Faculty of Modern History, University of Oxford

Depression, Great: Britain and the British Empire

Edmund Clingan

Department of History, Queensboro Community College, City University of New York

Denmark; Finland; Norway; Scandinavia; Sweden

Parks M. Coble

Department of History, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

China: The Nationalist Government; New Culture Movement; Northern Expedition; Whampoa Military Academy

David Cody

Department of English, Hartwick College

Jingoism

D'Maris D. Coffman

Graduate Student, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania

Depressions and Economic Crises; Taxation

Dalya Cohen-Mor

Independent Scholar, Potomac, Maryland

Western Wall

Patrick O. Cohrs

Yale University

Locarno Conference

Laurence Cole

School of History, University of East Anglia, United Kingdom

Josephism

Mark B. Cole

University of Florida

Food Safety; Mad Cow Disease

Oscar Cole-Arnal

Department of Church History, Waterloo Lutheran Seminary

Action Française

Kit Collier

Asian Studies, Australian National University

Terrorism: Southeast Asia

Robert O. Collins

Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara, Emeritus

Chad; Condominium Agreement; Mahdist Revolt; Sudan; Sudan, Anglo-Egyptian

Roger Collins

School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh

Rome

Jennifer L. Connerley

Department of History, James Madison University

Advertising: The United States; Internet; Marriage and Divorce: The United States; National Parks; Washington, D.C.

Michael Conniff

Department of Global Studies, San Jose State University

Panama; Populism: Latin America

Stephen A. Conrad

School of Law, Indiana University, Bloomington

Law: Overview

Christopher Conte

Department of History, Utah State University

Empire and Imperialism: Imperialism and the Environment

Manuel Contreras

Social Development Institute, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C.

Education: Latin America

Daniele Conversi

University of Lincoln, United Kingdom

Basque Country

Joseph Coohill

Duquesne University

Parliament, British

Bernard Cook

Department of History, Loyola University, New Orleans

Belgium

Jerry W. Cooney

University of Louisville, Emeritus

Chaco War

Uttara Asha Coorlawala

Department of Dance, Barnard College, Columbia University; Long Island University

Dance and Performing Arts: South Asia

Frank Coppa

Department of History, St. John's University

Concordats; Papal Infallibility

Dennis Cordell

Department of History, Southern Methodist University

Population and Demography: Population Growth in Africa

Justin Corfield

Geelong Grammar School, Corio, Victoria, Australia

Africa: United States Relations with Africa; Architecture: Latin America; British Literature; Contract Labor: Overview; Population and Demography: The Middle East and North Africa; San Francisco; Secondary Empire; Slavery: Overview; Social Movements in Africa; Tourism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Water and Water Management: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

William Cormack

Department of History, University of Guelph, Ontario

Caribbean: The French Caribbean

Van Coufoudakis

Intercollege, Nicosia, Cyprus

Cyprus

Melinda Courtney

Saddleback College

Coffee

Benjamin A. Cowan

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Machismo

Jon Cowans

Department of History, Rutgers University, Newark

Jacobins

Annette Cox Wright

Center for the Study of the American South, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Textiles: The Textile Industry in the United States

Clifton C. Crais

Department of History, Emory University

Congo (Brazzaville); History; Industrial and Commercial Workers Union; Labor and the Labor Movement: Africa; Modernity; Nationalism: Overview; Poverty: Overview; Race: Overview; Refugees and Displaced Peoples: Overview

Millie Creighton

Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia

Tourism: Japanese Tourism

Michael Creswell

Department of History, Florida State University

Dreyfus Affair

Andrew Crisell

School of Arts, Design, Media & Culture, University of Sunderland, United Kingdom

British Broadcasting Corporation

A. J. Croll

Department of History, University of Glamorgan, Wales

Wales

Gary Cross

Department of History, Pennsylvania State University

Toys, Children's Games, and the Toy Industry

David M. Crowe

Department of History, Elon University

Roma

Cheryl A. Crowley

Department of Russian and East Asian Languages and Cultures, Emory University

Haiku

Donald Crummey

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Ethiopia

Bruce Cumings

Department of History, University of Chicago

Korea: Historical Overview

Cynthia Curran

Department of History, College of St. Benedict and St. John's University

General Strike of 1926

Sara R. Curran

Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington, Seattle

Population and Demography: Southeast Asia

Rosanne Currarino

Department of History, Queen's University, Ontario

Citizenship in the United States

Ann Curthoys

School of Social Sciences, Australian National University

Australia

Edward E. Curtis IV

School of Liberal Arts, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis

Islam: Muslims in the United States

Katarzyna J. Cwiertka

Centre for Japanese and Korean Studies, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Food: East Asia

Christian Dagg

Auburn University

Architecture: Overview, Central Asia, and The United States; Skyscrapers

Maria Massi Dakake

Department of Religious Studies, George Mason University

Religion

Martin Dangerfield

University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom

COMECON

Gary Darden

Department of Social Sciences and History, Fairleigh Dickinson University

Bush Doctrine; Roosevelt Corollary; Truman Doctrine

Philip Davies

Department of Biblical Studies, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Dead Sea Scrolls

R. E. G. Davies

Aeronautics Division, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

Air Transport

Ginger R. Davis

Temple University

World War II: Southeast Asia

Jeffrey Davis

Department of Political Science, University of Maryland, Baltimore County

Human Rights: Overview

Kathy Davis

Research Institute of History and Culture, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands

Cosmetic Surgery

Rick Davis

Associate Dean, College of Visual and Performing Arts, George Mason University

Theater: Overview

Charles R. Day

Department of History, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia, Emeritus

Universities: Europe

Beatriz de Alba-Koch

Department of Hispanic and Italian Studies, University of Victoria, British Columbia

Novel: Overview and Latin America

Alexander De Grand

Department of History, North Carolina State University, Emeritus

Italy; Lateran Pact

Rodolphe De Koninck

Centre d'Études de l'Asie de l'Est, University of Montreal

Rubber: Southeast Asia

Kathryn M. De Luna

Department of History, Northwestern University

Slavery: Africa

Alex De Waal

Social Science Research Council, Harvard University

Darfur; Janjaweed

Mathieu Deflem

Department of Sociology, University of South Carolina

Interpol

James DeFronzo

Department of Sociology, University of Connecticut

Mafias; Revolutionaries

Natana J. DeLong-Bas

Boston College; Brandeis University

Wahhabism

Watson R. Denis

Centre de Recherches Historiques et Sociologiques, Université d'État d'Haïti

Haiti; Haitian Revolution

Marion F. Deshmukh

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Berlin; Berlin Wall

Jose R. Deustua

Department of History, Eastern Illinois University

Guano Boom

Vinay Dharwadker

Department of Languages and Cultures of Asia, University of Wisconsin–Madison

South Asian Literature

Livio Di Matteo

Department of Economics, Lakehead University, Ontario

Wealth

Frederick R. Dickinson

Department of History, University of Pennsylvania

Anglo-Japanese Alliance; London Naval Conference; World War I: Effect on East Asia

Michael Dietrich

Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College

Genetics

Nguyen Thi Dieu

Department of History, Temple University

Saigon

JoAnn DiGeorgio-Lutz

Department of Political Science, Texas A&M–Commerce

Palestine Liberation Organization

Desmond Dinan

School of Public Policy, George Mason University

European Coal and Steel Community; European Integration; European Union

Daniel B. Domingues da Silva

Emory University

São Tomé and Príncipe

Paul J. Dosal

Department of History, University of South Florida

Guatemala

Eleanor Abdella Doumato

Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University

Missions, Christian: Missions and Missionary Schools in the Middle East and North Africa

Gregory J. H. Dowling

Independent Scholar, Vevey, Switzerland

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

Paul Drake

Department of Political Science, University of California, San Diego

Socialism: Latin America

William H. Dresher

Copper Development Association, Inc.

Copper

Edward L. Dreyer

Department of History, University of Miami

Military: Military Organization in China; People's Liberation Army

June Teufel Dreyer

Department of Political Science, University of Miami

Military: Military Organization in China; People's Liberation Army

Peter Drysdale

Crawford School of Economics and Government, Australian National University

APEC

Jatin Dua

Department of Law, American University in Cairo

Borders and Borderlands: Africa; Horn of Africa

Sara Dubow

Department of History, Hunter College, City University of New York

Abortion: The United States

Andrew Duffin

Department of History, Washington State University

Water and Water Management: Overview

Eric D. Duke

Department of Africana Studies, University of South Florida

Caribbean: The British Caribbean

Kelly M. Duke-Bryant

Graduate Student, Department of History, Johns Hopkins University

Mourides; Négritude in Africa

D. Elwood Dunn

Department of Political Science, Sewanee: University of the South

Liberia, United States Relations with

Thomas J. Durant Jr.

Department of Sociology, Louisiana State University

Plantations

Deborah Durham

Department of Anthropology, Sweet Briar College

Herero Revolt

George Dutton

Department of Asian Languages and Cultures, University of California, Los Angeles

Buddhism: Southeast Asia; Cochin China; Hanoi; Tay Son Rebellion

Lane Earns

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh

Nagasaki

Marcela Echeverri

Department of History, New York University

Constitutionalism: Overview

Michael Egan

Department of History, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Vancouver

Carolyn J. Eichner

Department of Women's Studies, University of South Florida

Paris Commune

Dale F. Eickelman

Department of Anthropology, Dartmouth College

Intelligence Organizations in the Middle East

Peter Eigner

Department of Economic and Social History, University of Vienna

Vienna

Marc Allen Eisner

Department of Government, Wesleyan University

Conservatism: The United States

Ben Eklof

Department of History, Indiana University

Perestroika and Glasnost

Fadwa El Guindi

Qatar University

Veiling

Assem El-Dessouki

Department of History, Faculty of Arts, Helwan University, Cairo

Egypt

Thomas C. Ellington

Department of History, Politics and Socio-Cultural Studies, Wesleyan College

National Security Agency

Erik Ellis

University of Puget Sound

Oceanography

Benjamin A. Elman

Department of East Asian Studies and History, Princeton University

Civil Service: East Asia

Hartmut Elsenhans

Faculty of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of Leipzig, Germany

Keynesianism

Magdy Mounir El-Shamma'a

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Film: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

David Eltis

Department of History, Emory University

Slave Trade: Atlantic Slave Trade

Nigel Eltringham

Department of Anthropology, University of Sussex, United Kingdom

Rwanda

Erika Elvander

Independent Scholar, Arlington, Virginia

World Health Organization

Carter Elwood

Department of History, Carleton University

Bolshevism; Leninism

Robert Y. Eng

Department of History, University of Redlands

Birth Control: East Asia; Infanticide; Silk: Overview; Silk: East Asia

David Engel

New York University

Jews: Europe

Nathan Ensmenger

Department of History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania

Computers

Ruth Erken

University of Bonn, Germany

Medicine and Public Health: Central Asia; Torture: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Charles Esdaile

School of History, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom

Continental System; Napoleonic Wars

Erik Esselstrom

Department of History, University of Vermont

Cultural Export in East Asia; Japanese in China

Ellen Lovell Evans

Georgia State University, Emerita

Political Parties: Europe

Eric J. Evans

Department of History, University of Lancaster, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Great Reform Act

Marios L. Evriviades

Panteion University, Athens, Greece

Mediterranean Sea

Janet Ewald

Department of History, Duke University

Slave Trade: Indian Ocean Slave Trade

Mohammad H. Faghfoory

Department of Religion, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.

Tehran

John Fair

Georgia College and State University

Fenianism

Molly Farrell

Yale University

African Literature; Postcolonialism

Munis D. Faruqui

Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Mughal Empire

Giovanni Federico

Department of History, European University Institute, Florence, Italy

Agriculture: Overview

Georgina Feldberg

Toronto

Tuberculosis

Louis Fenech

Department of History, University of Northern Iowa

Sikhism

R. Max Ferguson

Department of Chemistry and Physical Sciences, Eastern Connecticut State University

Global Warming

María Elisa Fernández Navarro

Department of History, University of Chile

Chile

Felipe Fernández-Armesto

Tufts University; Queen Mary, University of London

Environment: Overview

Wesley Ferris

Department of History, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

First Nations

Bruce Fetter

University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Belgian Congo; Medicine and Public Health: Overview

Katherine G. V. Fidler

Department of History, Emory University

Berlin West African Conference; Brazzaville Conference; Conquest in Africa; Decolonization: Africa; Genocide: Overview and Africa; Human Rights: Africa; Racism: Overview; Torture: Overview

Paul Finkelman

Albany Law School

Liberalism: The United States; United States: Colonial Settlement, The Early Republic, and Nation Building and Westward Expansion

Richard Finlay

Department of History, University of Strathclyde, Scotland

Scotland

Christina Firpo

Department of Southeast Asian History, California Polytechnic State University

Boat People

Michael Fischbach

Department of History, Randolph-Macon College

Jordan

Christopher Fisher

Department of History and African American Studies, College of New Jersey

United States: Social Revolutions of the Twentieth Century

Colin Fisher

Department of History, University of San Diego

Parks, Urban

Michael Fisher

Department of History, Oberlin College

Indirect Rule

Paul Fisher

Department of History, Washington State University

Cholera

Jon M. Flashnick

Department of History, Arizona State University

Washington, Treaty of

W. Miles Fletcher

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Fascism and Protofascism: Japan

Andrew Flory

Department of Music, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Beatles, The

M. K. Flynn

School of Politics, University of the West of England, Bristol

Carlism

Mary Kathy Foley

Department of Theatre Arts, University of California, Santa Cruz; Editor of Asian Theatre Journal

Dance and Performing Arts: Southeast Asia

Loren Fox

Independent Scholar, New York City

Coca-Cola

Penelope Francks

University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Agriculture: East Asia; Rice

Jean Franco

Columbia University, Emerita

Latin American Literature

Johan Franzén

School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Communism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque; Falluja, Iraq; London Conference

Lucien Frary

Department of History, Rider University

Russo-Ottoman Wars

Elliot Fratkin

Department of Anthropology, Smith College

Medicine and Public Health: Traditional Medicine in Africa

Robert O. Freedman

Department of Political Science, Baltimore Hebrew University; Department of Political Science, Johns Hopkins University

Israel

Wolfgang Freund

Historical Institute, Metz, France

Saarland

Robert Friedel

Department of History, University of Maryland

Invention

Barry D. Friedman

Department of Political Science, North Georgia College and State University

Red Cross: Overview; Transnational Organizations

John Friedman

Department of Social Science, Roosevelt Academy

Modernization: Overview

Allen Fromherz

Department of International Affairs, Qatar University

Architecture: The Middle East and North Africa; Berbers; Élites in The Middle East; Jerusalem; Sahara Desert and the Sahel; Twareg

Poppy Fry

Department of History, Harvard University

High Commission Territories; Informal Empire

Harald Fuess

Sophia University, Tokyo

Foreign Investment: East Asia; Trade, International: East Asia

C. Magbaily Fyle

Department of African American and African Studies, Ohio State University

Sierra Leone

Donna R. Gabaccia

University of Minnesota

Immigration to the United States

Wendy Jane Gagen

Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry

Masculinity: Overview

Colin Gale

Department of Fashion, Textiles, and Three Dimensional Design, University of Central England

Fashion

Bingzhong Gao

Institute of Sociology and Anthropology, Beijing University

Calendars

Robert Gardella

Department of Humanities, United States Merchant Marine Academy

Merchants, Western, in East Asia; Tea: East Asia

James V. Gatewood

Department of Asian American Studies, University of California, Los Angeles

Asian Americans

David Gaunt

Department of History, Södertörn University College, Stockholm

Assyrians

Curtis Anderson Gayle

Australian National University

Japanism; Nihonjinron

Max G. Geier

Department of History, Western Oregon University

Agriculture: North America; Farms and Farmers in the United States

Timothy S. George

Department of History, University of Rhode Island

Environment: East Asia; Meiji Restoration

Aaron Gerow

Yale University

Animé; Film: Japan

Moshe Gershovich

Department of History, University of Nebraska, Omaha

Zionism

Christopher Gerteis

Department of History, Creighton University

Labor and the Labor Movement: Labor Relations in Japan; Unions, Labor: Japan

Karl Gerth

Merton College, Oxford

Consumption and Consumerism: East Asia; Five-Year Plans, Chinese; Great Leap Forward; Long March; Red Guard; Shanghai; Treaty Ports; Twenty-one Demands

Erik Gilbert

Department of History, Arkansas State University

Indian Ocean

Marc Jason Gilbert

College of Liberal Arts, Hawai᾽i Pacific University

My Lai Massacre; Viet Cong

Mark Gilderhus

Department of History, Texas Christian University

Organization of American States

Tamara Giles-Vernick

Department of History, University of Minnesota–Twin Cities

Central African Republic

Lesley Gill

Department of Anthropology, American University

School of the Americas

J. David Gillespie

College of Charleston, South Carolina

Political Parties: The United States

Eagle Glassheim

Department of History, University of British Columbia

Sudetenland

John Gledhill

Department of Government, Georgetown University

Moldova; Romania

Kent Glenzer

Emory University; Impact Measurement and Learning Team, CARE USA

Mali

Thomas F. Glick

Department of History, Boston University

Positivism in Latin America; Social Darwinism: Latin America

Susan Glosser

Department of History, Lewis & Clark College

Family and Kinship: China

Peter Gold

Department of Languages, Linguistics, and Area Studies, University of the West of England, Bristol

Gibraltar

Arthur Goldschmidt

Department of History and Religious Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Dinshaway Incident; Free Officers

Samuel Huston Goodfellow

Department of History, Westminster College, Fulton, Montana

Alsace-Lorraine

Richard Goodridge

Department of History and Philosophy, University of the West Indies

Mandates

David Goodway

University of Leeds

Anarchism

Chennat Gopalakrishnan

Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, University of Hawai᾽i, Manoa

Desalination

Bertram Gordon

Department of History, Mills College

Club Med

Kevin Gosner

Department of History, University of Arizona

Chiapas Revolt

Van Gosse

Department of History, Franklin and Marshall College

American Colonial Empire

Luis Fernando Granados

Department of History, Georgetown University

Mexico City

H. Roger Grant

Department of History, Clemson University

Railroads: Overview

Johanna Granville

Department of History, Novosibirsk State University

Civil War; Hungarian Revolt; Mountain Climbing; Nubians; Prizes; Qom; Rugs

Mark T. Graves

Gulfport, Mississippi

Persian Gulf War

Richard Grayson

Department of Politics, Goldsmiths College, University of London

Channel Tunnel

Kevin Greene

School of Historical Studies, University of Newcastle

Archaeology

Megan Greene

Department of History, University of Kansas

Science and Technology: Western Science and Technology in East Asia; Taiwan

Liah Greenfeld

Boston University

Capitalism: Overview

Michele Greet

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Cubism; Impressionism

Raymond Grew

Department of History, University of Michigan

Risorgimento

Trevor Griffiths

University of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom

Performing Arts: Britain

Valerie Grim

Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Indiana University

African Americans; Afrocentrism

Erik Grimmer-Solem

Department of History, Wesleyan University

Empire and Imperialism: The German Colonial Empire

Daniel Griswold

Center for Trade Policy Studies, Cato Institute, Washington, D.C.

Free Trade

Max Gross

Georgetown University

World War I: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Richard Grossman

Columbia College Chicago

Nicaraguan Revolution; Sandinistas

Magdi Guirguis

Cairo, Egypt

Wadi al-Natrun

Arjun Guneratne

Department of Anthropology, Macalester College

Caste Systems: Overview and India

Edward Gunn

Department of Asian Studies, Cornell University

Chinese Literature

Narayani Gupta

Independent Scholar, New Delhi

Delhi

Matthew Pratt Guterl

Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Indiana University

Celebrity; Iraq War; Latino Americans; Multiculturalism; 9/11

Allen Guttmann

Department of English, Amherst College

Soccer: Overview

Kevin R. C. Gutzman

Department of History, Western Connecticut State University

American Civil War; Confederate States of America

Tyrell Haberkorn

Department of Anthropology, Cornell University

Peasants: Southeast Asia

Mahmoud Haddad

Department of History, University of Balamand, Lebanon

Caliphate

G. B. Hagelberg

Independent Scholar, Canterbury, United Kingdom

Sugar

Geoffrey B. Hainsworth

Department of Economics and Centre for Southeast Asia Research, University of British Columbia

Economy: Southeast Asia

Gillette Hall

Department of Social Development, World Bank

Sustainable Development

Linda Biesele Hall

Department of History, University of New Mexico

Guadalupe, Virgin of; Latin America: Foreign Military Intervention

Michael R. Hall

Department of History, Armstrong Atlantic State University

Latin America: Latin Emigration to the United States; Middle East: Britain and France and the Middle East; Westernization: Overview

Stephen J. G. Hall

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Lincoln

Animal Husbandry: Overview; Animals and Humans

Thomas D. Hall

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, DePauw University

Frontier: Overview

Arnel R. Hallauer

Department of Crop, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, Iowa State University

Corn

Michael Halliday

Department of History, State University of New York, Buffalo

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Intervention in; Ethnic Cleansing and Deportation; Ethnic Conflict: Overview; Kosovo, Intervention in; Reggae;

Seattle

Vivian Nun Halloran

Department of Comparative Literature, Indiana University

World Literature

Hugo H. R. van Hamel

The Hague, The Netherlands

World Trade Organization

Tiffany T. Hamelin

Howard University

Declaration of Independence, U.S.

Juliane Hammer

Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Sufis and the Sufi Orders

A. James Hammerton

Department of History, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

Migration: Britain, The British Empire, and the Commonwealth

Michael Hanagan

Vassar College

Fordism; International Labor Organizations; Labor and the Labor Movement: Europe; Protest; Socialism: Overview; Unions, Labor: Overview

June Hannam

School of History, University of the West of England, Bristol

Women's Suffrage: Europe

Alberto Harambour-Ross

Department of History, State University of New York, Stony Brook

Guevara, Che, as Icon; Liberation Movements; Migrant Labor: Latin America; Revolution

John Harbeson

Department of Political Science, City University of New York

Military: Africa

Anne Hardgrove

Department of History, University of Texas, San Antonio

Domesticity

Geoff Hare

University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, Emeritus

World Cup

Jessica Harland-Jacobs

Department of History, University of Florida

Freemasonry

Patrick Harrigan

Department of History, University of Waterloo

Education: Europe

Bernard Harris

School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton, United Kingdom

Charity and Charitable Organizations

Cristian A. Harris

Department of Political Science, North Georgia College and State University

Settler Societies

Elizabeth J. Harris

University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Buddhism: South Asia; Sri Lanka

Richard Harris

School of Geography and Earth Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Toronto

Skylar M. Harris

State University of New York, Buffalo

Cod Fishing; Fishing Industry: Overview; Seven Years' War; South Sea Company; Tobacco

Patricia Greenwood Harrison

Department of History, Spring Hill College

Women's Suffrage: Overview

Justin Hart

Department of History, Texas Tech University

American Century; Containment; Marshall Plan; United States: The Cold War and the American Century; Voice of America

Charles W. Hartwig

Department of Political Science, Arkansas State University

Southwest Africa

Tsuyoshi Hasegawa

University of California, Santa Barbara

Northern Territories

Houchang Hassan-Yari

Department of Politics and Economics, Royal Military College of Canada

Economic and Military Aid in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Walter F. Hatch

Department of Government, Colby College

Corporation, The: Interfirm Cooperation in East Asia; Neomercantilism in East Asia; Nixon Shocks

Mervat F. Hatem

Department of Political Science, Howard University

Women: The Middle East and North Africa

Michael Hawkins

School of Social Science, Kingston University, United Kingdom

Social Darwinism: Overview

Richard A. Hawkins

School of Humanities, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom

Frontier: The United States

Walter Hawthorne

Department of History, Ohio University

Guinea-Bissau

William Anthony Hay

Department of History, Mississippi State University

Whigs, British

Matthew Hayday

Centre for Canadian Studies, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick

British North America Act; Quiet Revolution

Louis D. Hayes

Department of Political Science, University of Montana

Political Parties: Japan

William P. Head

Robins Air Force Base, United States Air Force

ASEAN; Southeast Asian Treaty Organization; Tet Offensive

Dwight B. Heath

Department of Anthropology, Brown University

Alcohol

Martin Hébert

Department of Anthropology, Université Laval, Québec

Resistance Movements: Overview

Susanna Hedenborg

Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden

Wetnursing

Sarita K. Heer

Department of Art History, University of Illinois, Chicago

Painting

Knut Heidar

Department of Political Science, University of Oslo

Political Parties: Overview

James Heinzen

Department of History, Rowan University

Collectivization: Overview

Mary Ann Heiss

Department of History, Kent State University

Decolonization: The British Empire

David N. Hempton

Harvard Divinity School

Methodism

Craig Hendricks

Long Beach City College

Umbanda; Uruguay

Alan K. Henrikson

Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University

Diplomacy; International Relations

Linda Herrera

International Centre for Child and Youth Studies, Institute of Social Studies, The Hague, The Netherlands

American University in Cairo; Education: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Robert Herzstein

Department of History, University of South Carolina

Fascism and Protofascism: Overview

Gad J. Heuman

Department of History, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Morant Bay Rebellion

Jennifer Heusel

Department of Communication and Culture, Indiana University, Bloomington

Art: The United States

Charles Higham

Department of Anthropology, University of Otago, New Zealand

Andaman Islands; Angkor

Christopher Hill

School of Public Policy, George Mason University

Copyright; Patents

Matthew Hilton

University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Consumption and Consumerism: Overview

Christine Hippert

Department of Sociology and Archaeology, University of Wisconsin–La Crosse

Nongovernment Organizations: Latin America

Ran Hirschl

Department of Political Science and Faculty of Law, University of Toronto

Canada Act and the Constitution Act of 1982

Sam Hitchmough

Canterbury Christ Church University, United Kingdom

Assassination

Joseph J. Hobbs

Department of Geography, University of Missouri, Columbia

Drugs and Narcotics: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Dorothy Hodgson

Department of History, Rutgers University

Anthropology

Rosemarijn Hoefte

Department of Caribbean Studies, KITLV/Royal Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies, Leiden, The Netherlands

Decolonization: Belize; Suriname and Guyana

Kellie J. Hogue

Indiana University

Civil Rights: The Civil Rights Movement in the United States; Desegregation; Garveyism; Harlem Renaissance; Ku Klux Klan; New Orleans; Race Riots; Reconstruction

Alison Holland

Department of Modern History, Macquarie University, Australia

Aborigines, Australian

Peter Holloran

Department of History, Worcester State College

Great Awakening, Second

Robert L. Holmes

Department of Philosophy, University of Rochester, New York

Nonviolence: Overview and South Asia

Fabian Holt

University of Roskilde, Denmark

World Music

Katrina Honeyman

School of History, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Industrialization: Britain

Jane Hooper

Department of History, Emory University

Gold and Gold Mining; Ivory; Mauritius; Mozambique; Tanzania

Michael Hoover

Department of Social Sciences, Seminole Community College

Suffrage: Overview

Matthew S. Hopper

Department of History, California Polytechnic State University

Slave Trade: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Arthur Horowitz

Department of Theatre and Dance, Pomona College

Drama

Joel Horowitz

Department of History, St. Bonaventure University

Justicialist Party

Richard S. Horowitz

Department of History, California State University, Northridge

Self-Strengthening Movement; Zongli Yamen

Simonne Horwitz

University of Saskatchewan, Canada; University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Health and Disease: Africa

Janet Hoskins

University of Southern California

Caodaism

Joshua Howard

Department of History and Croft Institute for International Studies, University of Mississippi

Labor and the Labor Movement: Labor Organizations in China

David Howell

Departments of East Asian Studies and History, Princeton University

Japan: Historical Overview

Philip Howell

Department of Geography, University of Cambridge

CD Acts

Hugh D. Hudson Jr.

Department of History, Georgia State University

Peasants: Europe

James L. Huffman

Department of History, Wittenberg University

Popular Rights Movement

Theodore Hughes

Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures, Columbia University

Korean Language; Korean Literature

Marnie Hughes-Warrington

Department of Modern History, Macquarie University, Australia

World History

Taras Hunczak

Rutgers University, Emeritus

Ukraine

Janet Hunter

Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science

Textiles: The Textile Industry in East Asia; Traditional Industries

John Hurd II

Program in Economics, Division of Business and Management, Norwich University, United Kingdom

Railroads: South Asia

Melanie Huska

Department of History, University of Minnesota

Comics and the Graphic Novel

Ann Hyland

Independent Scholar, Leverington, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom

Horses

Chie Ikeya

Project for Critical Asian Studies, University of Washington

Feminism: Southeast Asia

Hung-yok Ip

Department of History, Oregon State University

Buddhism: East Asia; Daoism

Anatoly V. Isaenko

Department of History, Appalachian State University, North Carolina

Chechnya; Family and Kinship: Central Asia; Qaeda, al-; Terrorism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Sirajul Islam

Department of History, Dhaka University, Bangladesh

Bangladesh

James Ivy

Department of English, Trinity University

Creationism

George D. Jackson

Department of History, Hofstra University

Comintern

Patrick Jackson

School of International Service, American University

Clash of Civilizations

Robert Jackson

Office of Federal Acknowledgment, United States Department of the Interior

Clericalism and Anticlericalism; Frontier: Latin America

Trudy Jacobsen

School of Social and Political Inquiry, Monash University, Australia

Cambodia; Ethnic Conflict: Southeast Asia; Gender: Gender Relations in Southeast Asia; Genocide: Southeast Asia; Khmer Rouge

Steven Jacobson

Department of History and Political Science, University of Hawai᾽i, Manoa

Jonestown Massacre

Harold James

Princeton University; European University Institute, Florence, Italy

Depression, Great: Overview and Europe

Haifaa Jawad

Department of Theology and Religion, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Arab League

Jennifer Jay

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

Footbinding

Laresh Jayasanker

Department of History, University of Texas

Food: Overview

Shamil Jeppie

Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa

Islam: Africa

Morten Jerven

Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science

Capitalism: Africa; Development, Industrial: Africa; Land: Africa; Poverty: Africa; World Economy

Martin Johnes

Department of History, Swansea University, Wales

Recreation

Gregory D. Johnsen

Department of Near Eastern Studies, Princeton University

San᾽a

Kristin Johnsen-Neshati

Department of Theater, George Mason University

Theater: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Matthew Johnson

Department of Government, University of Texas at Austin

Golan Heights

Michele Johnson

Department of History, York University, Toronto

Jamaica

Howard Jones

Department of History, University of Alabama

Amistad Mutiny

Mark P. Jones

Department of Political Science, Rice University

Political Parties: Latin America

Ben Jordan

Department of History, University of California, San Diego

Scoutism

Christopher C. Joyner

Oakton, Virginia

Arbitration, International

Denis Judd

Department of Imperial and Commonwealth History, London Metropolitan University

British Commonwealth of Nations; Nigeria; Statute of Westminster

Meheroo Jussawalla

East West Center, University of Hawai᾽i

Satellites

Yuka Kadoi

History of Art, University of Edinburgh

Artisans: East Asia

Akel Ismail Kahera

Texas Institute for the Preservation of History and Culture; School of Architecture, Prairie View A&M University, Texas

Mosque

Andrew W. Kahrl

Indiana University, Bloomington

American Dream; Slave Rebellions, American

Thomas E. Kaiser

Department of History, University of Arkansas, Little Rock

Enlightenment; Reign of Terror

Wolfram Kaiser

University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Kulturkampf

M. Hassan Kakar

Concord, California

Afghanistan; Afghan-Soviet War; Kabul; Taliban

Marianne Kamp

Department of History, University of Wyoming

Women: Central Asia

Ana Maria Kapelusz-Poppi

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh

Reforma, La

Lawrence S. Kaplan

Director Emeritus, Lyman L. Lemnitzer Center for NATO and European Union Studies, Kent State University

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

James E. Katz

Department of Communications, Rutgers University

Telephone and Cell Phone

Simon Katzenellenbogen

Department of History, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Amarjit Kaur

School of Economics, University of New England, Armidale, Australia

Labor and the Labor Movement: Southeast Asia

Fujiya Kawashima

Department of History, Bowling Green State University

Confucianism

Pinar Kayaalp-Aktan

Department of History, Yeditepe University, Istanbul

Circumcision

Michael Keating

Department of Political and Social Sciences, European University Institute, Florence, Italy

Devolution in the United Kingdom

Jeremy Keenan

Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, Bristol University; Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Exeter University

Western Sahara

Tim Keirn

Department of History, California State University, Long Beach

Tea: Overview

Zsolt Keller

Freelancer, Archives of Contemporary History, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich

Switzerland

T. Mills Kelly

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

1989, Revolutions of

Timothy Kelly

Department of History, Saint Vincent College, Latrobe, Pennsylvania

Catholicism: Overview; Opus Dei; Vatican I; Vatican II

Thomas Kennedy

Department of History, University of Arkansas

Quakerism

Scott M. Kenworthy

Department of Comparative Religion, Miami University, Ohio

Orthodox Christianity

Barclay Key

Western Illinois University

Bible Belt, American

Abdul Karim Khan

Department of History, University of Hawai᾽i System

Islamic Revivalism; Muslim League

John Kicza

Department of History, Washington State University

Empire and Imperialism: The Spanish Colonial Empire

Elizabeth W. Kiddy

Department of History, Albright College

African Religions in the Western Hemisphere

Young Whan Kihl

Department of Political Science, Iowa State University, Emeritus

Political Parties: Korea

Ian R. Killip

Isle of Man College

Man, Isle of

Christine Kim

School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Emperors in East Asia

John A. King Jr.

Ransom Everglades School

Alliance for Progress; Land: Land Reform, An Overview; Plan Colombia

Robin A. King

School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Development, Economic: Overview; General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

Tony King

School of Politics, University of the West of England, Bristol

Central African Federation

Danielle Kinsey

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Gender: Gender Ideals in Britain

W. Dean Kinzley

Department of History, University of South Carolina

Pachinko; Salaryman

Robert O. Kirkland

Department of History, Claremont McKenna College

Operation Condor

Melissa R. Klapper

Department of History, Rowan University

Jews: Jewish Americans

Peter Klaren

Department of History, George Washington University

Peru

Martin Klein

University of Toronto, Emeritus

Guinea

Reinhard Klein-Arendt

AfrikaConsulting, Cologne, Germany

Slavery: Abolition; Slave Trade: Trans-Saharan Slave Trade; World War II: Africa

Stephen Kneeshaw

Department of History, College of the Ozarks

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Jason Knirck

Department of History, Central Washington University

Easter Rising; Irish Nationalism

Rebecca Knuth

Department of Information and Computer Science, University of Hawai᾽i

Censorship

Kevin Kolben

Department of Accounting, Business Ethics & Information Systems, Rutgers University, Newark

Child Labor: South Asia

Elisabeth Köll

Department of History, Case Western Reserve University

China: Industry; Mining in East Asia; Railroads: East Asia; Rural Industry in East Asia

Chana Revell Kotzin

Independent Scholar, Allentown, Pennsylvania

Jews: Overview

Hans Martin Krämer

Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Germany

Universities: East Asia

Barbara Kreiger

Department of English, Dartmouth College

Dead Sea

Christine G. Krüger

Institut für Geschichte, Universität Oldenburg, Germany

Württemberg, Kingdom of

Paul Kubicek

Department of Political Science, Oakland University

Commonwealth of Independent States; Kyrgyzstan; Modernization: Central Asia; Turkmen

James K.S. Kung

Division of Social Sciences, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Famine: East Asia

Ming-Cheng Kuo

College of Law, National Chengchi University, Taiwan; School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Kainan University, Taiwan

Social Insurance

Jonathan H. L'Hommedieu

Graduate School on Integration and Interaction in the Baltic Sea Region University of Turku, Finland

Helsinki Accords

John Laband

Department of History, Wilfrid Laurier University

Zulu War

Yves Laberge

Institut Québécois des Hautes Études Internationales, Québec

Advertising: Overview; ANZUS Pact; Cultural Imperialism; Detroit; Disney; Earth Summits; Journalism: Overview and Yellow Journalism; Modern Art; Monarchy; Nobel Prizes; Olympic Games: Overview; Performing Arts: Overview; Science and Technology: Overview; Universities: Overview; Westerns

David G. LaFrance

Instituto de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Benemérito Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, México

Sports: Latin America

Vinay Lal

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Hinduism

Erick D. Langer

School of Foreign Service and Department of History, Georgetown University

Agriculture: Latin America; Andean Pact; Hacienda Expansion; Inter-American Development Bank; Latin America: International Relations; Native Peoples; Peasants: Latin America; Rural Life; Silver: Overview; Trade, International: Latin America

Kirk W. Larsen

Department of History and Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University

Empire and Imperialism: East Asia; Korea: Korean Foreign Relations; Korean War

James F. Larson

Fulbright Commission, Seoul, Korea

Telecommunications in East Asia

Jon Latimer

Department of History, University of Wales, Swansea

Alamayn, Battle of al-

George Lauderbaugh

Department of History, Jacksonville State University

Costa Rica; Railroads: Latin America

Roger Launius

Division of History, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution

Aerospace Industry; Space Exploration

Brian B. Lavery

Greenwich, United Kingdom

Trafalgar, Battle of

B. Todd Lawson

Department of Near and Middle Eastern Civilizations, University of Toronto

Babis

Fred H. Lawson

Department of Government, Mills College

Westernization: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; World War II: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Keith Laybourn

University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

New Labour

Heather Marie Layton

World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Poverty: Latin America

Takie Sugiyama Lebra

Department of Anthropology, University of Hawai᾽i, Manoa

Aristocracy: Japan

Robert Lee

Department of American Civilization, Brown University

Chinese Exclusion Acts

Hartmut Lehmann

Max-Planck-Institut für Geschichte, Göttingen, Germany; University of Kiel, Germany

Pietism

Jean-François Lejeune

School of Architecture, University of Miami

Urbanism and Urbanization: Latin America

Beverly Lemire

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

Protoindustrialization

John A. Lent

Department of Broadcasting, Telecommunications, and Mass Media, Temple University

Journalism: The Press in East Asia

David Leonard

Department of Comparative Ethnic Studies, Washington State University

Racism: The United States

Sarah Leonard

Department of History, Simmons College

Pornography

Stefano A. E. Leoni

Conservatory of Music of Turin, University of Urbino, Italy

Music: Latin America

Brian Lewis

Department of History, McGill University

Bourgeoisie; Social Class: Overview

Daniel Lewis

Department of History, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Roca-Runciman Pact; War of the Triple Alliance

Michael Lewis

Department of History, Michigan State University

Rice Riots; Suffrage: Suffrage Movements in Japan

Lillian M. Li

Department of History, Swarthmore College

Beijing

Aun Ting Lim

Consultant, Penang, Malaysia

Population and Demography: Central Asia

Albert S. Lindemann

Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara

Anti-Semitism: Overview

Paul-André Linteau

Université du Québec à Montréal

Montreal

Charles Lipp

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Mercantilism; Physiocrats

Judy Barrett Litoff

Department of History, Bryant University

Midwives

Craig A. Lockard

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Green Bay

Borneo; Brunei; Diasporas: Southeast Asian Diasporas; Malaysia; Sarawak

Thomas Lodge

Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Limerick

African National Congress

Kathryn Lofton

Department of Religious Studies, Indiana University

Evangelicalism; Fundamentalism: Overview and The United States; Religious Revivals

Roger D. Long

Eastern Michigan University

Indo-Pakistan Conflict; Kashmir; Pakistan

Patricia M. E. Lorcin

Department of History, University of Minnesota

Empire and Imperialism: The French Colonial Empire

Kip Lornell

Department of Music, George Washington University

Jazz

Christian Lotz

Department of Philosophy, Michigan State University

Discipline

Joseph L. Love

Department of History, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Liberalism: Overview

Brian Loveman

Department of Political Science, San Diego State University

Chicago Boys; Dictatorship: Overview and Military Dictatorships in Latin America; Human Rights: Latin America; Land: Land Reform in Latin America

Jan Lucassen

International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam

Migration: Europe

Leo Lucassen

Department of History, Leiden University, The Netherlands

Migration: Europe

Mark David Luce

University of Chicago

Central Asia

Tilman Luedke

Department of History, University of Erfurt, Germany

Iraq; Mutawwa'a; Tribes and Tribalism: The Arabian Peninsula

Shanny Luft

Graduate Student, Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Amusement Parks; Film: The United States

Igor Lukes

Boston University

Munich Agreement

Ghislaine Lydon

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Mauritania

Hyung Gu Lynn

University of British Columbia

Baseball: East Asia; Comfort Women; Seoul

Amelia Lyons

University of Central Florida

Decolonization: The French Empire

Matthias M. Maass

Department of Political Science, National University of Singapore

Bay of Pigs Invasion

Theresa M. McBride

Department of History, College of the Holy Cross

Middle Class: Europe

J. Terrence McCabe

Department of Anthropology, University of Colorado, Boulder

Animal Husbandry: Africa; Cattle

Arthur McCalla

Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Mount Saint Vincent University

Christianity: Overview

James C. McCann

African Studies Center, Boston University

Agriculture: Africa

Victoria L. McCard

Department of Modern Languages, North Georgia College and State University

Poetry: Overview and Latin America

Charles E. McClelland

Department of History, University of New Mexico

Professionalization: Overview and Europe

Aonghas MacCoinnich

Department of Celtic History, University of Aberdeen, Scotland

Gaelic Language

Seán McConville

School of Law, Queen Mary University of London

Prisons and Punishment: Europe

Bruce Eakin McCord

Department of General Education, Aiken Technical College

Berlin Blockade and Air Lift; Hiroshima and Nagasaki; Nazism; World War I: The United States; World War II: The United States

Edward A. McCord

Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University

Militias in China; Warlords in China

William McCoy

Department of History, Boston University

Swaziland

David McCreery

Department of History, Georgia State University

Contract Labor: Latin America; Debt Peonage; Work

John McDermott

Economics Department, University of South Carolina

Special Economic Zones

Gary Wray McDonogh

Program in Growth and Structure of Cities, Bryn Mawr College

Anti-Americanism; Chinatowns; Luxury; Mass Transit; Pacific Rim

Frank McDonough

Centre of Social Science, Liverpool John Moores University, United Kingdom

Conservatives, British; Political Parties: Britain

Vincent McElhinny

San Antonio, Texas

Farabundo Martí Front

James W. McGuire

Department of Government, Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut

General Confederation of Labor

Adam Mack

History Department, University of South Carolina

Mass Retailing

David MacKenzie

Department of History, University of North Carolina Greensboro, Emeritus

Pan-Slavism

John Mackenzie

School of History, University of Saint Andrews

Popular Imperialism, British

S. P. MacKenzie

Department of History, University of South Carolina

Total War

Adam McKeown

Department of History, Columbia University

Chinese Overseas

Vera Mackie

School of Historical Studies, University of Melbourne

Civil Rights: East Asia; Feminism: East Asia

Colin M. MacLachlan

Department of History, Tulane University

Brazil

Mark W. McLeod

Department of History, University of Delaware

Nguyen Empire

Dennis McNamara

Department of Sociology, Georgetown University

Corporatist State: Overview and East Asia

William H. McNeill

Department of History, University of Chicago, Emeritus

Potato: Europe

Peter McPhee

University of Melbourne, Australia

1830, Revolutions of; 1848, Revolutions of

Norrie MacQueen

Department of Politics, University of Dundee, Scotland

United Nations: Involvement in Africa

Joyce Madancy

Department of History, Union College, Schenectady, New York

Opium Wars; Taiping Rebellion

Gregory H. Maddox

Department of History, Geography & Economics, Texas Southern University

Climate and Climate Change; Environment: Africa and Environmentalism; Natural Disasters: Africa

Jeannette Marie Mageo

Department of Anthropology, Washington State University

Transgender Issues

Sigurður Gylfi Magnússon

Reykjavik Academy, Iceland

Iceland

Moira J. Maguire

Department of History, University of Arkansas, Little Rock

Spanking

Subrina Mahmood

Financial Services Researcher, Coleman Research Group

Banking, International; Group of Eight; Transportation

Douglas M. Mahony

Moore School of Business, University of South Carolina

Labor and the Labor Movement: Overview

Michael Mahrt

Asmara, Eritrea

Eritrea

Wendy Adelé-Marie Maier

Oakton Community College

Holocaust

Christian John Makgala

Department of History, University of Botswana

Botswana

Peter P. Mandaville

George Mason University

Islam: Europe

Patrick Manning

Department of History, University of Pittsburgh

Migration: Overview

A. M. Mannion

Department of Geography, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Amman; Azerbaijan; Deserts and Desertification: Overview; Erie Canal; Grand Canyon; Jordan River; Louisiana Purchase; Miami; Mississippi River; Red Crescent; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan

Javier Marion

Department of History, Emmanuel College, Boston, Massachusetts

Latin American Wars of Independence

Andreas Marks

Independent Scholar, Darmstadt, Germany

Art: East Asia

Steven Marks

Department of History, Clemson University

Trans-Siberian Railway

Thomas A. Marks

School for National Security Executive Education, National Defense University, Washington, D.C.Guerrillas and Guerrilla Movements: South Asia and Southeast Asia; Maoism: South and Southeast Asia; Terrorism: South Asia

J. Paul Martin

Center for the Studies of Human Rights, Columbia University

Nongovernment Organizations: Overview; Nongovernment Organizations: Africa

Alberto A. Martinez

University of Texas at Austin

Relativity

Luis Martínez-Fernández

Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies Program, University of Central Florida

Cuban Revolution

Jürgen Martschukat

Department of Philosophy, Universität Erfurt, Germany

Capital Punishment: Overview; Capital Punishment: Europe

Martin E. Marty

University of Chicago, Emeritus

Ecumenism, Christian; World Council of Churches

Sean Mathey

Independent Scholar, New York City

Karbala'; Nike, Inc.

Yoshiaki Matsuda

Kagoshima University, Japan

Fishing Industry: East Asia

Nathan Matthews

Te Tumu, School of Māori, Pacific, and Indigenous Studies, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Maori Wars

Philip Mauceri

Department of Political Science, University of Northern Iowa

Peruvian Military Regime

Robert May

Department of History, Purdue University

Filibustering

Laura Mayhall

Department of History, Catholic University of America

Suffrage: Britain

Patrick Mbajekwe

Department of History, Old Dominion University

Africa: Western Africa; Biafran War

John Mukum Mbaku

Department of Economics, Weber State University

Corruption: Overview

Tamba M'bayo

Hope College, Holland, Michigan

Ivory Coast

Azra Meadows

Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow

Indus River

Cristina Mehrtens

Department of History, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Encilhamento

Marcia L. Meldrum

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Cancer; Pain; Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Joseph L. Melling

Department of History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Mental Health and Mental Illness

Cecilia Méndez G.

Department of History, University of California at Santa Barbara

Nationalism: Latin America

Salvatore R. Mercogliano

Fuquay-Varina, North Carolina

Shipping; Steamships

Daniel A. Métraux

Department of World Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, Mary Baldwin College

Aum Shinrikyō; Korea: Industry; Ministry of International Trade and Industry; Pacifism: Japan; Sōka Gakkai; Unification Church

Gisela Mettele

German Historical Institute, Washington, D.C.

Moravians

Franziska Metzger

Seminar für Zeitgeschichte, University of Fribourg, Switzerland

Switzerland

Mark Metzler

Department of History, University of Texas at Austin

Depression, Great: East Asia

Howard N. Meyer

Independent Scholar, New York City

International Court of Justice

Kathryn Meyer

Department of History, Wright State University

Drugs and Narcotics: Illegal Narcotics in East Asia

Jean Michaud

Laval University, Quebec

Tribes and Tribalism: Southeast Asia

Guido Michelone

Department of Arts and Philosophy, Università Cattolica di Milano, Italy

Rock Music

John Middleton

Departments of Anthropology and Religious Studies, Yale University, Emeritus; School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Swahili

Roger Middleton

Department of Historical Studies, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Laissez-faire

Bill Mihalopoulos

Department of History, Northern Michigan University

Prostitution: Overview and East Asia

Steven B. Miles

Department of History, Washington University, Saint Louis

Guangzhou; Urbanism and Urbanization: East Asia

Montserrat Miller

Department of History, Marshall University

Catalonia; Lower Middle Class: Europe

D. E. Gene Mills Jr.

Department of Religion, Florida State University

Pentecostalism

David Mills

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta, Edmonton

Durham Report

Wallace G. Mills

Department of History, St. Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia

African Independent Churches; Missions, Christian: Africa

Kenneth Milne

Church of Ireland College of Education, Emeritus

Church of Ireland

Jelena Milojkovic-Djuric

Independent Scholar, College Station, Texas

Berlin, Congress of

Gail Minault

Department of History, University of Texas, Austin

Khilafat Movement

Bridie Andrews Minehan

Department of History, Bentley College

Gender: Gender Relations in East Asia; Women: East Asia

Farina Mir

Department of History, University of Michigan

South Asian Languages

Natalia Mirovitskaya

Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University

Caspian Sea

Patit Paban Mishra

Department of History, Sambalpur University, Orissa, India

British Raj; London, Treaty of (1913); Plassey, Battle of; World War I: Southeast Asia and South Asia

Durba Mitra

Department of History, Emory University

Epidemics; Famine: Overview

James H. Mittelman

School of International Service, American University

Arusha Declaration

Rana Mitter

Institute for Chinese Studies, University of Oxford

Manchuria; May Fourth Movement; Sino-Japanese Wars

Annika Mombauer

Open University, United Kingdom

Schlieffen Plan

Laurence Monnais

Département d'Histoire–Centre d'Études de l'Asie de l'Est; GRASP/Équipe MEOS, Département d'Histoire, Université de Montréal

Health and Disease: Southeast Asia

Paul Monod

Department of History, Middlebury College

Monarchy, British

Jamie Monson

Department of History, Carleton College

Maji Maji Rebellion

Michael Monteon

Department of History, University of California, San Diego

Nitrate Boom

Marissa Moorman

Department of History, Indiana University

Angola

Waltraud Q. Morales

Department of Political Science, University of Central Florida

Bolivian Revolution of 1952

Daniel Moran

Department of National Security Affairs, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterrey, California

Guerrillas and Guerrilla Movements: Overview

Aurora Morcillo

Women's Studies Center and Department of History, Florida International University

Falange

John Morello

DeVry University

American Express; Credit Cards; Television

Erica Moret

Centre for the Environment, University of Oxford

Caribbean: The Caribbean Region and United States Relations with Caribbean Nations; Religious Syncretism; Santería

Ian Morley

Department of History, Chinese University of Hong Kong

New York City; Philadelphia

Magnus Mörner

Department of History, University of Göteborg, Sweden, Emeritus

Migration: Migration to Latin America

Robert Morrell

School of Education Studies, University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa

Masculinity: Africa

Andrew Morris

Department of History, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Sports: East Asia

Jennifer Morris

Department of History, Miami University

Lesbianism; Sexuality; Sexual Slavery

Karen Y. Morrison

Moravian College

Cuba

Seán Morrow

Department of History, University of Fort Hare, South Africa

Malawi

Barbara Mortimer

Royal College of Nursing of the United Kingdom, London

Nursing

William G. Moseley

Department of Geography, Macalester College

Cotton

Carl Mosk

Department of Economics, University of Victoria, British Columbia

Industrialization: Japan; Japan: Industry

Carrie Yvonne Mott

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Arizona

Baghdad; Yazidis

Andrew Muldoon

Department of History, Metropolitan State College of Denver

Simon Commission

Michael Mullett

Department of History, University of Lancaster, United Kingdom

Anglicanism; Church of England; Test Acts

Anne Carter Mulligan

Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia

Amnesty International; Axis; Beauty Contests; Corsica; Détente; Gaullism; Gdansk; Intelligentsia; March on Rome; Opinion Polling; Oxfam; Pieds Noirs; Postal Services; Red Cross: Europe; Universal Postal Union

William Mulligan

Department of History, University of Glasgow

Great Powers

Edmundo Murray

Society for Irish Latin American Studies, University of Zurich, Switzerland

Dirty War; Guerrillas and Guerrilla Movements: Latin America; Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

William Murray

History Program, La Trobe University, Bundoora Campus, Australia

Soccer: Europe

Amy Muschamp

Department of European Studies and Modern Languages, University of Bath, United Kingdom

Tyrol

Charles D. Musgrove

Department of History, University of Arkansas at Little Rock

Summer Palace; Three Principles of the People

Scott Hughes Myerly

Independent Scholar, Evansville, Indiana

Parades

Fuad S. Naeem

Islamic Research Institute, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan

Ottoman Empire

Wayne Nafziger

Department of Economics, Kansas State University

“Debt Crisis”

Mary Louise Nagata

University of Minnesota

Family and Kinship: Japan; Marriage and Divorce: East Asia

Ryoko Nakano

Nanzan University Institute for Social Ethics, Japan

Paternalism: East Asia

Issam Nassar

Department of History, Bradley University

Gaza Strip

Vitaly Naumkin

Center for Arab Studies, Institute for Oriental Studies, Moscow

Socialism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Carmen Nava

Department of History, California State University, San Marcos

Slavery: Latin America; Women: Latin America

Susan Navarette

Department of English, Hartwick College

Dance and Performing Arts: Overview; Diamond Jubilee

Ian Neary

Nissan Institute, St. Antony's College, Oxford

Social Protest in East Asia

Michael Neiberg

Department of History, University of Southern Mississippi

Battle of the Bulge; Conscription; D-Day; Fashoda Incident; Machine Gun; Maginot Line; Military: Military Service; War; World War I: Overview and Europe; World War II: Europe

Jeremy Neill

Department of History, Menlo College

Amristar Massacre; Anglo-Afghan Wars; Great Game

H. V. Nelles

Department of History, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario; Department of History, York University, Toronto, Emeritus

Canada

Heather Nelson

Department of History, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Beaver; Hudson's Bay Company

Roy Nersesian

School of Business, Monmouth University

Banking, International; Group of Eight; Transportation

Bruno Nettl

Department of Anthropology and School of Music, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Emeritus

Folk Music

Caryn E. Neumann

Department of History, Miami University of Ohio

Assembly Line; Birth Control: The United States; Electricity; Sputnik; Suffragists; Telegraph: Overview

Joseph Nevins

Department of Geology and Geography, Vassar College

East Timor

Andrew G. Newby

School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh

Highland Clearances

Kathleen M. Newman

Department of English, Carnegie Mellon University

Radio

Gerald Newton

Centre for Luxembourg Studies, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Luxembourg

Roger L. Nichols

Department of History, University of Arizona

Native Americans

Alberto E. Nickerson

Department of History, Michigan State University

Nicaragua

Arsenio Nicolas

Department of Musicology, College of Music, University of the Philippines

Music: Southeast Asia

Beatrice Nicolini

Facoltà di Scienze Politiche, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy

Hadramawt; Ra's al-Khayma; Sharjah

Isak Niehaus

Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, University of Pretoria

Witchcraft in Africa

Carl H. Nightingale

Department of American Studies, State University of New York, Buffalo

Segregation

William Niven

Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom

Reunification of Germany

Deborah Norden

Department of Political Science, Whittier College

Bureaucratic Authoritarianism

Justin Nordstrom

Pennsylvania State University, Hazelton

Utopias and Dystopias

Kent Norsworthy

Teresa Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas, Austin

Honduras

Cynthia C. Northrup

Department of History, University of Texas, Arlington

Tariffs

G. Ugo Nwokeji

Department of African American Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Slavery: Antislavery, an Overview

Erin O'Connor

Department of History, Bridgewater State College

Ecuador

Allison O'Mahen Malcom

Department of History, University of Illinois, Chicago

Nativism: The United States

John Oakland

Department of Modern Foreign Languages, Norwegian University of Science and Technology

United Kingdom

Geoffrey Oddie

Department of History, University of Sydney, Emeritus

Christianity: South and Southeast Asia

E. S. Atieno Odhiambo

Department of History, Rice University

Africa: Central Africa; Kenya; Mau Mau

Thomas Ofcansky

U.S. Department of State, Washington, D.C.

Africa: East Africa; Arms, Armaments, and the Armaments Industry: Africa

Sami Ofeish

Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Balamand, Lebanon

Beirut; Lebanon

Bonnie B. C. Oh

Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University, Emerita

Occupation in East Asia

Christopher Ohan

Department of History, American University of Kuwait

Cold War: Overview

Opolot Okia

Department of History, Winthrop University

Forced Labor

Veena Talwar Oldenburg

Department of History, Baruch College, and Graduate Center, City University of New York

Dowries in South Asia; Sati

Ayodeji Olukoju

Department of History and Strategic Studies, University of Lagos, Nigeria

Railroads: Africa

Joseph Orser

Department of History, Ohio State University

Fulbright Program; Mail-Order Brides; Peace Corps; Philippines Expedition; Vietnam Wars: Overview

Thomas Ort

Department of History, North Carolina State University

Czechoslovakia, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia

David, Jr. Ortiz Jr.

Department of History, University of Arizona

Spain

Robin O'Sullivan

University of Texas at Austin

Earth Day

Okezi T. Otovo

Department of History, Georgetown University

Women's Suffrage: The Female Vote in Latin America

Mark Overmyer-Velázquez

Department of History, University of Connecticut–Storrs

Porfiriato

Richard Overy

Department of History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Battle of Britain

Tom C. Owens

George Mason University

Classical Music; Music: The United States; Opera; Orchestras

Doug Owram

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

Trans-Canada Highway

Adebayo Oyebade

Department of History, Tennessee State University

Cold War: Impact on Africa

Agnieszka Paczynska

Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution, George Mason University

Development, Industrial: Central Asia; Karabagh and Nagorno-Karabagh; Trade, International: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Melvin E. Page

Department of History, East Tennessee State University

Chilembwe Revolt

Sarah Paine

Department of Strategy and Policy, United States Naval War College

Sino-Russian and Sino-Soviet Border Disputes

David S. Painter

Department of History and School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

Petroleum: Overview

Joshua Palmer

History of Science, Technology, Environment and Medicine Program, Case Western Reserve University

Electronics Industry

Steven Palmer

Department of History, University of Windsor, Ontario

Health and Disease: Latin America; Medicine and Public Health: Latin America

Panikos Panayi

Department of European History, De Montfort University, Leicester, United Kingdom

Immigration to Britain

Erika Pani

Division of History, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas A.C., Mexico City

French Interventions in Mexico

Dennis R. Papazian

Armenian Research Center at the University of Michigan–Dearborn; Department of History, University of Michigan–Dearborn, Emeritus

Armenia

Prajna Parasher Malkani

Department of Film and Digital Technology, Chatham College

Film: South Asia

Eugene Y. Park

Department of History, University of California, Irvine

Military: Military Organization in Korea

David Parker

Department of History, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario

American Popular Revolutionary Alliance

Nigel Parsons

Politics Programme, Massey University, New Zealand

Palestinian Refugees

Gianluca Pastori

Department of Political Science, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy

Espionage and Intelligence Agencies; Information Technology; Piracy

Alice Pate

Department of History and Geography, Columbus State University, Georgia

Mensheviks

Harry Anthony Patrinos

World Bank

Poverty: Latin America

Viviana Patroni

Centre for Research on Latin America and the Caribbean, York University, Toronto

Development, Economic: Latin America

Eric Patterson

Department of Political Science, Vanguard University

New Religions: Latin America

Molly Patterson

PhD Candidate, Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Madison

United Arab Emirates

John Paul

Department of Social Science, Fitchburg State College

Health and Disease: South Asia

Bruce F. Pauley

Department of History, University of Central Florida, Emeritus

Totalitarianism

Johannes Paulmann

Historiches Institut, Universität Mannheim, Germany

Holy Alliance

Robert O. Paxton

Department of History, Columbia University, Emeritus

Fascism and Protofascism: Europe; Vichy Regime

Tom Pearcy

Department of History, Slippery Rock University

Panama Canal

David D. Peck

Brigham Young University

Mixed Courts of Egypt; Orientalism

Vincent Pecora

Department of English, University of Utah

Secularization

Saadia M. Pekkanen

Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington

Industrial Policy in Japan and East Asia

Vincent Peloso

Department of History, Howard University

Race: Latin America

Ralph Penny

School of Modern Languages, Queen Mary, University of London

Spanish Language

Maarten Pereboom

Department of History, Salisbury University, Maryland

Decolonization: Overview

Eric P. Perramond

Colorado College

Borders and Borderlands: Overview

James Petras

Binghamton University, Emeritus

Social Class: Latin America

Stefan Petrow

School of History and Classics, University of Tasmania at Hobart, Australia

Tasmania

Howard Phillips

Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town

Influenza; Plague

Leigh Phillips

Binghamton, New York

Anorexia Nervosa

Paul Pickering

Humanities Research Centre, Australian National University

Corn Laws

David Pietz

Department of History, Washington State University

Chang River; Water and Water Management: East Asia

Jeffrey Pilcher

Department of History, University of Minnesota

Food: Latin America; Meat Industry

Yovanna Pineda

Department of History, St. Michael's College, Colchester, Vermont

Business; Management

Christopher Pinney

Department of Anthropology, University College London

Photography

Murray Pittock

Department of Arts, Histories and Cultures, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Jacobites

Andrejs Plakans

Department of History, Iowa State University, Emeritus

Demographic Transition: Europe; Family and Kinship: Overview and Europe; Latvia; Marriage and Divorce: Europe

Brian Platt

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Education: Overview, Traditional Education in East Asia, and Japan

Vincent Kelly Pollard

Asian Studies Program, University of Hawai᾽i, Manoa

London, Treaty of (1871)

David M. Pomfret

Department of History, University of Hong Kong

Youth Movements in Europe

Françoise Pommaret

Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris

Bhutan

Jeremy Pool

Department of History, Emory University

Education: Africa

Jeremy D. Popkin

Department of History, University of Kentucky

France

William Franklin Pore

Temple University

Social Class: Traditional Class Systems in East Asia

Peter E. Pormann

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Medicine and Public Health: The Middle East and North Africa

Jonathan Porter

Department of History, University of New Mexico

Macau

David Post

Department of Education Policy, Pennsylvania State University

Child Labor: Latin America

Russell A. Potter

Department of English, Rhode Island College

Arctic

Margaret Power

Department of Humanities, Illinois Institute of Technology

Chile; Death Squads

John Prados

National Security Archive, George Washington University

AK-47; Diego Garcia; Dien Bien Phu; Geneva Conventions; Golden Triangle; Spratly Islands; War Crimes

Om Prakash

Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi, India

East India Company, Dutch

David A. Preston

Latin American Centre, St. Antony's College, Oxford

Environment: Latin America

Luca Prono

Independent Scholar, Rastignano-Pianoro, Italy

American Literature; Central Intelligence Agency; Chicago; COINTELPRO; Depression, Great: The United States; Eugenics; Federal Bureau of Investigation; Film: Overview; Globalization: Resistance to Globalization; Hegemony; Indian Captivity Narratives; McCarthyism; New Deal; North American Free Trade Agreement; Progressivism; Transcendentalism

Ted Pulcini

Department of Religion, Dickinson College, Carlisle, Pennsylvania

Christianity: The Middle East and Adjacent Regions

Eric Pullin

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Madison

World War II: South Asia

Jennie Purnell

Department of Political Science, Boston College

Cristero Rebellion

Cynthia Radding

Department of History; Director, Latin American & Iberian Institute, University of New Mexico

Missions, Christian: Catholic Missions in Latin America

Andrea G. Radke-Moss

Department of History, Geography and Political Science, Brigham Young University, Idaho

Women's Suffrage: The United States

Kunibert Raffer

Department of Economics, University of Vienna

World Bank: Overview

Hugh Ragsdale

Independent Scholar, Charlottesville, Virginia

Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Soviet Union

Claudio Rama

Formerly Instituto Internacional de la UNESCO para la Educación Superior en América Latina y el Caribe, Universidad Nacional Tres de Febrero, Argentina

Universities: Universities and University Reforms in Latin America

Adrian J. Randall

Department of Modern History, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Luddism

John Rankin

McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Plains of Abraham

Monica A. Rankin

School of Arts and Humanities, University of Texas at Dallas

Drugs and Narcotics: Illegal Drugs and the Drug Trade and The Drug Trade in Latin America; Maquiladoras; Marianismo; Marriage and Divorce: Overview and Latin America

Danilo Raponi

Robinson College, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Papacy; Sardinia, Kingdom of

Catharina Raudvere

Department of Cross Cultural and Regional Studies, Section for History of Religions, University of Copenhagen

Istanbul

Toivo Raun

Department of Central Eurasian Studies, Indiana University

Estonia

Mark Ravina

Department of History, Emory University

Bakufu; Satsuma Rebellion

Jayita Ray

Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia

Frontier: Frontiers and Borderlands in South Asia

Ian Reader

Department of Japanese Studies, University of Manchester, England

Pilgrimage: East Asia

Dan Reboussin

Department of Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida

Migrant Labor: Africa

Peter Redfield

Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

French Guiana

Eric Reed

Department of History, Western Kentucky University

Cycling

James W. Reed

Department of History, Rutgers University

Birth Control: Overview

Kirsten Refsing

Faculty of Humanities, University of Copenhagen

Ainu; Minorities: Minority Populations in Japan; Missions, Christian: East Asia

Josna Rege

Worcester State College

Novel: South Asia

W. M. Reger IV

Department of History, Illinois State University

Military: Military Organization

Sven Reichardt

Department of History and Sociology, University of Konstanz, Germany

Black Shirts

Michael Reilly

Maori Studies, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Maoris

Alan J. Reinerman

Department of History, Boston College

Papal States

Kenneth A. Reinert

School of Public Policy, George Mason University

Trading Blocs and Common Markets

Craig J. Reynolds

Faculty of Asian Studies, Australian National University

Thailand

Maryanne Rhett

Department of History, Washington State University

Balfour Declaration; Falluja, Palestine; Petroleum: Petroleum and Natural Gas in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia; Suez Crisis; World Zionist Organization

Jeremy Rich

Middle Tennessee State University

Famine: Africa; Gabon; Manioc

Michael Richards

Senior Historian, Old Parliament House, Canberra, Australia

Legislatures and Parliaments

Kim Richardson

Department of History, Virginia Commonwealth University

Missionary Movements; Portuguese Language

Thomas M. Ricks

Independent Scholar, Havertown, Pennsylvania

Iran

Jonathan D. Rigg

Department of Geography, University of Durham, United Kingdom

Agriculture: Southeast Asia

Valda Rigg

Honorary Associate, Department of Modern History, Macquarie University, Australia

ANZAC

Torsten Riotte

German Historical Institute, London

Hanover, Kingdom of

Guenter Risse

Department of Medical History and Ethics, University of Washington, Seattle

Hospitals

Peter Robb

School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London

Agriculture: South Asia; Famine: India; Land: Land Use and Land Reform in South Asia; Peasants: South Asia

Paul A. Rodell

Department of History, Georgia Southern University

Communist Insurgency in the Philippines; Islamic Insurgency in the Philippines; Manila; Philippines

Francisco R. Rodríguez

Department of Economics and Latin American Studies Program, Wesleyan University

Washington Consensus

Riordan Roett

School of Advanced International Studies, Western Hemisphere Region, Johns Hopkins University

Mercosur

Mary Roldán

Department of History, Cornell University

Violencia, La

Jonathan Rose

Department of History, Drew University

Book Publishing; Literacy

Charles Rosenberg

Independent Scholar, Milwaukee

Basketball; Boston; Prisons and Punishment: Overview; Servants; Texas, Republic of

Scott Rosenberg

Department of History, Wittenberg University, Ohio

Lesotho

Kelley L. Ross

Department of Philosophy, Los Angeles Valley College

Philosophy

Robert Rotberg

Harvard University

Africa: Government

Marty Roth

Department of English, University of Minnesota, Emeritus

Blue Jeans

Adam Rothman

Department of History, Georgetown University

Atlantic Ocean

Matthew D. Rothwell

University of Illinois at Chicago

Iran-Contra Affair; Iranian Hostage Crisis; Socialism: Socialism, Anarchism, and Communism in East Asia

Alison Rowley

Concordia University

Tennis

Tirthankar Roy

London School of Economics and Political Science

Bhopal Disaster; Economy: South Asia; Labor and the Labor Movement: South Asia; Music: South Asia; South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation; Trade, International: South Asia

Edward Royle

Department of History, University of York, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Chartism

Aaron D. Rubin

Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Hebrew Language and Literature

Michael Rubin

Foreign Policy and Defense Studies, American Enterprise Institute

Baluchistan

Ronald Rudin

Department of History, Concordia University, Montreal

Quebec

Per A. Rudling

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

Belarus

Terry Rugeley

Department of History, University of Oklahoma

Caste War of the Yucatán

John Rule

Department of History, University of Southampton, Emeritus

Combination Acts, English; Peterloo Massacre

Dave Russell

Department of Humanities, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom

Music Hall

Ruth V. Russell

Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington

Leisure

Donna Ryan

Department of History and Government, Gallaudet University

Resistance Movements: Europe

Frank R. Safford

Department of History, Northwestern University

Colombia

Ernesto Sagás

Department of Political Science, Southern New Hampshire University

Dominican Republic; Mariel Boatlift

Yasmin H. Said

Center for Computational Statistics, George Mason University

Statistics

Mohammad Salama

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, San Francisco State University

Arabs and the Arab World

Kate Sampsell-Willmann

School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University

United States: The Regulatory State

Lennart Samuelson

Institute for Research in Economic History, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden

Five-Year Plans, Soviet; Kulaks; New Economic Policy

Shahira Samy

British University in Egypt

Refugees and Displaced Peoples: The Middle East and Central Asia

Keith A. P. Sandiford

Department of History, University of Manitoba, Emeritus

Cricket

Usha Sanyal

Wingate University

Islam: South Asia

Damodar SarDesai

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles, Emeritus

Goa

William Sater

Department of History, California State University, Long Beach, Emeritus

War of the Pacific

Paul Khalil Saucier

Department of Sociology, Northeastern University

Liberia; Socialism: Africa

Christopher Saunders

Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town

Africa: Southern Africa; Apartheid; British South Africa Company; Mineral Revolution; South Africa; South African War

Richard Scaglion

Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh

Papua New Guinea

Patrick D. Scallen

Georgetown University

El Salvador

Yael Schacher

History of American Civilization, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University

Brain Drain: Overview

Ronald Schatz

Department of History, Wesleyan University

United States: Ronald Reagan and the Conservative Ascendancy

Theresa Schenck

American Indian Stufies Program, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Native Americans, U.S. Policy toward

J. Charles Schencking

Department of History and Melbourne Institute of Asian Languages and Societies, University of Melbourne

Arms, Armaments, and the Armaments Industry: East Asia; Military: Military Organization in Japan; Tokyo

John A. Scherpereel

Center for Liberal and Applied Social Sciences, James Madison University

Civil Service: Overview

Cristiana Schettini Pereira

Centro de Estudios Latinoamericanos, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Argentina

Prostitution: Latin America

Axel Schildt

Forschungstelle für Zeitgeschichte, Hamburg, Germany

Conservatism: Europe

David F. Schmitz

Department of History, Whitman College

United States: American Foreign Policy

Shira D. Schnitzer

Independent Scholar, JDC International Centre for Community Development, London

Haifa; Knesset; Liberty, USS; Lohamei Herut Yisrael; Protocols of the Elders of Zion

Michael Schoenhals

Department of East Asian Languages, Lund University, Sweden

Cultural Revolution; Gang of Four

Mary Schoeser

Independent Scholar and Senior Research Fellow, Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design, University of the Arts, London

Textiles: Overview

Keith Schoppa

Department of History, Loyola College in Maryland

China: Historical Overview; Nationalist Party

Manuel Schramm

Institut für Europäische Geschichte, Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany

Saxony

Timothy Schroer

Department of History, University of West Georgia

Occupation of Germany

Harm G. Schröter

Department of History, University of Bergen, Norway

Ford Motor Company

Ulrike Schuerkens

École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris

Globalization: Impact on Africa

Stephen A. Schuker

Department of History, University of Virginia

Versailles Peace Treaties: Overview

Alexander Hugo Schulenburg

Independent Scholar, London

London

Kirsten Schultz

Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art

Rio de Janeiro

David G. Schwartz

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Gambling

Kevin L. Schwartz

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of California, Berkeley

Kahan Commission; White Revolution

Brian Schwimmer

Department of Anthropology, University of Manitoba

Cocoa; Ghana

Kim Scipes

Department of Social Science, Purdue University North Central

Wage Labor

Chad Seales

Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Regionalism in the United States

Paul Sedra

Department of History, Simon Fraser University, British Columbia

Interreligious Dialogue

Bruce Seely

Department of Social Sciences, Michigan Technological University

Engineering, Civil

Ethan Segal

Department of History, Michigan State University

Textbook Controversy in Japan

Edward B. Segel

Department of History, Reed College

Sudeten Crisis; Yalta Conference

Robert W. Seidel

Program in History of Science, Technology, and Medicine, University of Minnesota

Nuclear Weapons: Overview, Nuclear Proliferation and Nonproliferation, and South Asia

Michael Seidman

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Spanish Civil War

Elyse Semerdjian

Department of History, Whitman College

Aleppo; Damascus; Syria

Jayanta Sengupta

Department of History, University of Notre Dame

Indian Princely States

Alyssa Goldstein Sepinwall

Department of History, California State University, San Marcos

Atlantic Revolutions

James Serpell

Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

Pets

Brett L. Shadle

Department of History, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Law: Customary Law in Africa

Teri Shaffer Yamada

Department of Comparative World Literature and Classics, California State University, Long Beach

Novel: Southeast Asia; Southeast Asian Languages and Literature

Sonu Shamdasani

Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London

Psychology

Kelli Shapiro

Department of American Civilization, Brown University

Las Vegas; Los Angeles; McDonalds; Shopping Malls

David Shariatmadari

Independent Scholar, London

Khuzestan

Wendy M. K. Shaw

Faculty of Communications, Bahcesehir University, Turkey

Art: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Samer Shehata

Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, Georgetown University

Democracy: The Middle East

Kathleen Sheldon

Center for the Study of Women, University of California, Los Angeles

Women: Africa

Mark Sherry

Department of Sociology, University of Toledo

Disability

David Shinn

Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University

Brain Drain: Africa

Karen A. Shire

Institute of Sociology, Institute of East Asian Studies, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany

White Collar Workers

Dennis Showalter

Department of History, Colorado College

Tanks and Armored Vehicles; World War II: Overview

Paulynn P. Sicam

Human Rights Educator

Human Rights: Southeast Asia

James F. Siekmeier

Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State

Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario

A. I. Silver

Department of History, University of Toronto, Emeritus

Riel Rebellions

Sanford R. Silverburg

Department of Political Science, Catawba College

American Israel Public Affairs Committee

Paul Silverstein

Department of Anthropology, Reed College

Colonialism: Overview

Reeva Spector Simon

Department of History, Yeshiva University

Marsh Arabs

David Simonelli

Department of History, Youngstown State University

Alliances and Ententes; New Provinces Act; Opium

Char Simons

Department of Middle East Studies and Department of Journalism, Evergreen State College, Olympia, Washington

Journalism: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Alan H. Singer

Honors College, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Nation-State

Barnett Singer

Department of History, Brock University

Civilizing Mission: French Empire; Spice Trade; Suez Canal

Shalini Singh

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Brock University

Sex Tourism; Tourism: South Asia

Patricia N. Singleton

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Cairo

Eiko Maruko Siniawer

Department of History, Williams College

Crime: Organized Crime in Japan

Vance R. Skarstedt

Department of History, United States Air Force Academy

Arms Limitation and Control

Emily Skop

Department of Geography and the Environment, University of Texas at Austin

Population and Demography: Overview

Christine Skwiot

Department of History, Georgia State University

Hawai‘i

Timothy M. Sledd

Ph.D. Student, Department of Criminal Justice, Indiana University

Sacco and Vanzetti Case

Yorick Smaal

School of History, Philosophy, Religion and Classics, University of Queensland, Australia

Homosexuality

Vaclav Smil

Department of Environment and Geography, University of Manitoba

Energy; Energy Crisis; Natural Resources: East Asia; Nuclear Energy: Overview and East Asia

Ian Smillie

Ottawa, Ontario

Diamonds

Andrew F. Smith

Culinary Arts, New School University

Food: The United States

Bonnie G. Smith

Department of History, Rutgers University

Feminism: Overview and Europe; Gender: Overview; Women: Overview and Europe

Charles Smith

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Arizona

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Daniel S. Smith

Department of History, University of Illinois at Chicago

Baby Boom: Overview and Europe; Demographic Transition: Overview

Eugene A. Smith III

Frostburg, Maryland

Nashville

John K. Smith

Department of History, Lehigh University

Plastics

Kerry Smith

Department of East Asian Studies and History, Brown University

Land: Landlords and Tenancy in East Asia and Land Reform in East Asia

Michael S. Smith

Department of History, University of South Carolina

Corporation, The: Overview; Industrialization: Overview

Timothy B. Smith

Department of History, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario

Welfare State

Carolyn Smith-Morris

Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University

Fast Foods

Michael Smitka

Department of Economics, Washington and Lee University

Automobile: The Automobile Industry

Gregory Smits

Department of History, Pennsylvania State University

Okinawa

David Sogge

Transnational Institute, Amsterdam

Foreign Aid

John Soluri

Department of History, Carnegie Mellon University

Bananas

Batamaka Somé

Wenner Foundation Fellow, Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois

Burkina Faso

Selcuk Aksin Somel

Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey

Rusdiye Schools

Steven Soper

University of Georgia

Lombardy and Venetia, Kingdom of

Andre Sorensen

Department of Geography and Programme in Planning, University of Toronto

Suburbs and Suburban Sprawl

Axel Kjær Sørensen

Center for North Atlantic Studies, University of Aarhus, Denmark

Greenland

Ximena Sosa-Buchholz

Independent Scholar, Joplin, Missouri

Populism: Overview

David Sowell

Department of History, Juniata College

Artisans: Latin America

Emilio Spadola

Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Colgate University

Mawalid

Edward M. Spiers

School of History, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Omdurman, Battle of

Howard Spodek

Department of History, Temple University

Salt March

Ronald Bruce St John

Independent Scholar, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Green Book; Libya

Michael Stanfield

Department of History University of San Francisco

Amazon River and Basin

Orin Starn

Department of Cultural Anthropology, Duke University

Shining Path

Ward Stavig

Department of History, University of South Florida

Túpac Amaru Rebellion

Peter N. Stearns

George Mason University

Abortion: Overview; Adolescence; Children and Childhood; Consumption and Consumerism: Europe; Death; Democracy: Overview; Dieting; Emotions; Globalization: Overview; Guilds; International Years of the Woman; Liberalism: Europe; Lower Middle Class: Overview; Market Revolution; Marxism; Middle Class: Overview; Multinational Corporations; Obesity; Orphans and Adoption; Paris; Periodization; Public Opinion; Railroads: Europe; Steam Engine; World Opinion

Manfred B. Steger

School of International and Community Studies, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology

Revisionism

Carolyn Stein

New York City

Law of Return

Stephen Stein

Department of Religious Studies, Indiana University

Christianity: The United States

Jessica Stephenson

Michael L. Carlos Museum, Emory University

Art: Art and Architecture in Africa

Philip J. Stern

Department of History, American University

Exploration: Overview and Africa

Sandra Sterner

Department of Writing, Literary, and Cultural Studies, Chatham College

Ganges River

Dona J. Stewart

Middle East Institute and Department of Geography, Georgia State University

Levant

Henri-Jacques Stiker

Laboratoire: Identités, Cultures, Territoires, Université de Paris VII Denis Diderot

Handicaps

Mimi Stillman

Bradley Graduate Fellow in History, Department of History, University of Pennsylvania

Music: Overview, East Asia, and Central Asia

Robert H. Stockman

Department of Religious Studies, DePaul University

Baha'i Faith

Amy Stoddart

Department of Dance, University of Oregon

Ballet and Dance

Gale Stokes

Department of History, Rice University

Albania; Balkans; Balkan Wars; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Croatia; Kosovo; Macedonia; Montenegro; Serbia; Slovenia; Yugoslavia

Judith Stone

Department of History, Western Michigan University

Radical Party

Emily Story

Salisbury University, Maryland

Brasília

Eric Strahorn

Department of History, Florida Gulf Coast University

Wildlife

Heather Streets

Department of History, Washington State University

Empire and Imperialism: Overview; Gender and Empire; Indian War

Carl J. Strikwerda

Faculty of Arts and Sciences, College of William and Mary

Christian Democracy; Christian Social Teaching

Harvey Strum

Department of Liberal Studies, Sage College of Albany

Potato Famine, Irish and Scottish

Martin Stuart-Fox

University of Queensland, Australia, Emeritus

Hmong; Laos; Mekong River

J. J. Suh

Department of Government, Cornell University

Nuclear Weapons: East Asia

Camelia Suleiman

Department of Anthropology, Florida International University

Palestine; West Bank and Gaza Strip

Douglass Sullivan-González

University of Mississippi

Caudillismo and Coronelismo

Laura J. Summers

Department of Criminology and Sociological Studies, University of Hull, United Kingdom

Political Parties: Southeast Asia

Yan Sun

Graduate Center and Queens College, City University of New York

Corruption: East Asia

Ronald Grigor Suny

Department of History, University of Chicago

Georgia

K. C. Suri

Department of Political Science, University of Hyderabad, India

Political Parties: South Asia

Anne Sutherland

Department of Global Studies & Anthropology, University of California, Riverside

Belize

John C. Swanson

Department of History, Utica College of Syracuse University

Hungary

Daniel Szechi

Department of History, Auburn University

Culloden, Battle of

Emi Tamaki

Department of Sociology, University of Washington, Seattle

Population and Demography: Southeast Asia

Harold M. Tanner

Department of History, University of North Texas

Law: Legal Systems in East Asia

Nicholas Tarling

New Zealand Asia Institute, University of Auckland

Borneo, British North

Helga Tawil Souri

Department of Media, Culture, and Communication, New York University

Mass Media: Overview and Radio and Television in the Middle East and North Africa

Matthew Taylor

School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Sports: Overview

Sonja L. Taylor

Department of Public and International Affairs, George Mason University

UNESCO; UNICEF; United Nations: Overview

Sarah Thal

History Department, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Shinto

Patricia Thane

Institute of Historical Research, University of London

Old Age

Ian Thatcher

Department of Politics and History, Brunel University

Trotskyism

Heather Thiessen-Reily

Department of History, Western State College of Colorado

Bolivia

Anne Elise Thomas

Department of Education, Jefferson Center, Roanoke, Virginia

Music: The Middle East and North Africa

James H. Thomas

School of Social, Historical and Literary Studies, University of Portsmouth

East India Company, British

Kylie Thomas

Department of Journalism and Media Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

AIDS and HIV; Health and Disease: Africa

Nick Thomas

School of History, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom

1968, Events of

R. Murray Thomas

Department of Education, University of California, Santa Barbara, Emeritus

Aceh; Bali; Birth Control: Southeast Asia; Civil Wars in Africa; Djibouti; Indonesia; Jakarta; Mataram Kingdom; Namibia; Ngoni

Raju G. C. Thomas

Political Science Department, Marquette University

Nonalignment; Terrorism: Overview

Teresa A. Thomas

Department of Social Sciences, Fitchburg State College

Druze

Gordon C. Thomasson

Broome Community College, State University of New York

American Civil Religion; American Colonization Society; Mormonism; Religion and Politics

David C. Thorns

School of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Urbanism and Urbanization: Overview

Jessica Thurlow

Department of History, University of Michigan

Feminism: Britain

Gary Tiedemann

Department of History, SOAS, University of London

Boxer Rebellion; Peasants: East Asia; Secret Societies, Chinese

Miguel Tinker Salas

Department of Latin American History, Pomona College

Venezuela

Humphrey Tonkin

University of Hartford, Emeritus

Esperanto

Julia Torrie

Department of History, St. Thomas University

Collaboration

Paul A. Townend

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

Home Rule; Ireland

Samer Traboulsi

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Asheville

Mecca and Medina

My-Van Tran

School of International Studies, University of South Australia

Hoa Hao

Ingo W. Trauschweizer

Department of History, University of Maryland, College Park

Potsdam Conference

Tim Travers

University of Calgary

Gallipoli

Phil Triadafilopoulos

Department of Political Science, University of Toronto

Guest Workers

Alice Y. Tseng

Department of Art History, Boston University

Architecture: East Asia and Domestic Architecture in East Asia

William Tsutsui

Department of History, University of Kansas

Scientific Management

Mark Turin

Department of Social Anthropology, University of Cambridge

Everest, Mount; Nepal; Sikkim

Sarah Turner

Department of Geography, McGill University

Land: Land Use and Land Reform in Southeast Asia

Thomas Turner

Independent Scholar, Dubuque, Iowa

Nationalism: Africa

Eric Engel Tuten

Department of History, Slippery Rock University, Pennsylvania

Jewish National Fund

Gray Tuttle

Columbia University

Tibet

James Todd Uhlman

Rutgers University

Cook's Tours; Travel Literature

Teddy J. Uldricks

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Asheville

Appeasement

Hunter Upchurch

Department of History, University of Mississippi

Caudillismo and Coronelismo

Godfrey Uzoigwe

Department of History, Mississippi State University

Empire and Imperialism: The Belgian Colonial Empire

Peter C. Valenti

New York University

Bahrain

Nuno Valério

GHES–ISEG Technical University of Lisbon

Portugal

Pham Hoang Van

Department of Economics, Baylor University

Child Labor: Southeast Asia

Justin W. Vance

College of Liberal Arts, Hawai᾽i Pacific University

Passports

H. Wim van den Doel

Department of History, University of Leiden, The Netherlands

Empire and Imperialism: The Dutch Colonial Empire

Pierre van der Eng

School of Management, Marketing & International Business (MMIB), ANU College of Business and Economics, Australian National University

Cultivation System; Ethical Policy

Marcel van der Linden

International Institute of Social History, Amsterdam

International, First; International, Second; International, Third; Working Class

John M. Vanderlippe

Department of History, State University of New York, New Paltz

Versailles Peace Treaties: Impact on the Middle East

Armando Vargas

Program in Comparative Literature, Williams College

Tunis; Tunisia

Mirellise M. Vazquez

Christian Children's Fund, Richmond, Virginia

Child Labor: Latin America

Neeraj Vedwan

Department of Anthropology, Montclair State University

Natural Resources: Overview; Water and Water Management: Water Management and Dams in the United States

Dana Velasco Murillo

Graduate Student, Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Silver: Latin America

François Velde

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Money

Henry Veltmeyer

International Development Studies, St. Mary's University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Universidad Autónoma de Zacatecas, Mexico

Social Class: Latin America

Roberto A. Ventresca

Department of History, King's University College, University of Western Ontario

Vatican City

Kamala Visweswaran

Department of Anthropology, University of Texas, Austin

Feminism: South Asia

Rudi Volti

Pitzer College

Automobile: Overview

Fred R. von der Mehden

Department of Political Science, Rice University, Emeritus

Islam: Southeast Asia

Peer H. H. Vries

Department of History, University of Leiden, The Netherlands

Industrial Revolution

Keir Waddington

School of History and Archaeology, Cardiff University, Wales

Bedlam

Rex A. Wade

Department of History, George Mason University

Russian Civil War; Russian Revolution

Stephen Wagley

Independent Scholar, New York City

Atheism and Agnosticism; Learned Societies and Academies; Pilgrimage: Overview; Temperance and Prohibition

Brett L. Walker

Department of History, Montana State University

Borders and Borderlands: East Asia

Thomas J. Edward Walker

Department of History, Philosophy, and the Social Sciences, Pennsylvania College of Technology

Bretton Woods System; League of Nations; Manifest Destiny; Migrant Labor: The United States; Pragmatism; Spanish-American War; Students for a Democratic Society

William T. Walker

Department of History and Political Science, Chestnut Hill College

Pearl Harbor; San Francisco Conference; Strategic Defense Initiative

Patrick Wallis

Department of Economic History, London School of Economics

SARS

Richard John Walter

Department of History, Washington University

Buenos Aires

John K. Walton

Department of Humanities, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom

Popular Entertainment, European; Popular Literature

Paerau Warbrick

University of Otago, New Zealand

Waitangi, Treaty of

Richard A. Warren

Department of History, Saint Joseph's University

Suffrage: Latin America

Dennis Washburn

Department of Asian and Middle Eastern Languages and Literature, Dartmouth College

Japanese Literature

James Watson

School of History, Philosophy and Politics, Massey University, New Zealand

New Zealand

Michael Watts

Department of Geography, University of California, Berkeley

Petroleum: Africa

Sheldon Watts

Independent Scholar, Cairo

Germ Theory; Health and Disease: Overview; Smallpox

John C. Weaver

Department of History, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Suicide

James L.A. Webb Jr.

Department of History, Colby College

Malaria

Theodore R. Weeks

Department of History, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Decembrist Revolt; Emancipation of Serfs in Russia; Lithuania; Moscow; Saint Petersburg; Serfdom

Ann Wehmeyer

Department of African and Asian Languages and Literatures, University of Florida

Japanese Language

Jonathan Weiler

Curriculum in International Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Dissidents, Soviet

Gerhard Weinberg

University of North Carolina, Emeritus

Atlantic Charter

Richard Weiner

Department of History, Indiana University–Purdue University, Fort Wayne

Liberalism: Latin America

Max David Weiss

Department of History, Stanford University

Tel Aviv

Allen B. Weisse

New Jersey Medical School, Emeritus

Heart Disease

Cliff Welch

Department of History, Grand Valley State University

São Paulo

Timothy B. Weston

Department of History, University of Colorado, Boulder

Education: China; Tiananmen Square

David Wetzel

Department of History, University of California Berkeley

Austro-Prussian War; Ems Telegram; Franco-Prussian War

Aaron Whelchel

Department of History, Washington State University

Empire and Imperialism: The British Colonial Empire

Joseph White

Department of History, University of Pittsburgh

Labor and the Labor Movement: Britain

Richard White

Department of History, University of Sydney, Australia

Eureka Stockade

Richard C. Whiting

School of History, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Unions, Labor: Britain

Susan B. Whitney

Department of History, Carleton University

Communism: Overview and The Fall of Communism

Stefanie K. Wichhart

Niagara University

Institut d'Égypte

Daniel Wickberg

School of Arts and Humanities, University of Texas, Dallas

Humor

Thomas Widlok

Department of Anthropology, University of Cologne, Germany

Hunter Gatherers: Overview and Africa; Hunting

Merry Wiesner-Hanks

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee

Femininity

Robert Wilcox

Department of History and Geography, Northern Kentucky University

Beef

Martijn Wilder

Independent Scholar, Sydney, Australia

Antarctica

George R. Wilkes

St. Edmund's College, Cambridge

Judaism

Jacqueline Wilkie

Department of History, Luther College, Decorah, Iowa

Body, The

Xenia Wilkinson

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of History, Georgetown University

Rubber: The Rubber Boom in Latin America

Donald S. Will

Chapman University

Oslo Agreement

Elizabeth Williams

Independent Scholar, New York City

Karama, Battle of

John Alden Williams

Department of Religion, William and Mary University, Emeritus

Islam: Overview

Michael Williams

School of Geography and the Environment, Oxford Center for the Environment for the Environment, Emeritus

Forests and Deforestation

Vernon J. Williams Jr.

Department of African American and African Diaspora Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington

Melting Pot; Slave Trade: Abolitionism in the United States

Daniel C. Williamson

Department of Humanities, Hillyer College, University of Hartford

Troubles, The

Christopher J. Wills

Department of Biological Sciences, University of California, San Diego

Bird Flu; Yellow Fever

Sandra Wilson

School of Social Science and Humanities, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia

Manchurian Incident; Nationalism: East Asia; Russo-Japanese War

Diane Winston

University of Southern California

Salvation Army

William M. Wisser

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Journalism: Latin America

David B. Wolcott

Educational Testing Service

Crime: Overview; Police

Joel Wolfe

Department of History, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Labor and the Labor Movement: Latin America

Patrick Wolfe

Victoria University, Australia

Minorities: Overview

Dixon Heung Wah Wong

Department of Japanese Studies, University of Hong Kong

Automobile: The Automobile in East Asia

Jacqueline Woodfork

Department of History, Whitman College

Senegal

Peter Worthing

Department of History, Texas Christian University

Vietnam Wars: Effect on East Asia

Cas Wouters

Department of Sociology, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Etiquette and Manners

David Curtis Wright

Department of History, University of Calgary, Alberta

China: Chinese Foreign Relations

John Wright

University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Mfecane; Zulu Kingdom

Johnson Kent Wright

Department of History, Arizona State University

Encyclopédie

Steven Wright

Qatar University

Oil Embargo; Prisons and Punishment: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Oliver von Wrochem

Helmut-Schmidt-Universität Hamburg, Germany

Stalingrad, Battle of

Felicia Wu

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Pittsburgh

Green Revolution

H. V. Wyatt

School of Philosophy, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Poliomyelitis

Jonathan Wyrtzen

Department of History, Georgetown University

Morocco

Guoqi Xu

Department of History, Kalamazoo College

Olympic Games: East Asia

Ariel Yablon

Department of History, University of New England, Biddeford, Maine

Argentina

Alok Yadav

Department of English, George Mason University

English Language

David N. Yaghoubian

Department of History, California State University, San Bernardino

Nawruz

Daqing Yang

Department of History, George Washington University

Nanjing Massacre

Mir Yarfitz

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Masculinity: Latin America

Timothy Yates

Cliff College, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Missions, Christian: Overview; Protestantism

Cynthia Gwynne Yaudes

Department of History and American Studies Program, Indiana University, Bloomington

Anticommunism; Cuban Missile Crisis; Factory Girls; Good Neighbor Policy; Great Awakening; Haymarket Riot; Homestead Act; Industrial Workers of the World; Japanese American Internment; Labor and the Labor Movement: Organized Labor in the United States; Manhattan Project; Mexican-American War; Monroe Doctrine; Watergate Affair; World's Fairs

Tan Ye

Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, University of South Carolina, Columbia

Calligraphy in East Asia; Chinese Language; Film: China; Theater: Traditional Theater in East Asia

Trudy Yeager

Department of History, Tulane University

Gender: Gender Relations in Latin America

Leong Yew

University Scholars Programme, National University of Singapore

Artistic Restitution

Charlton W. Yingling

Vanderbilt University

Cuban Blockade and Embargo

Seiichiro Yonekura

Institution of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo

Steel

Takashi Yoshida

Department of History, Western Michigan University

SCAP; Tokyo War Crimes Trial

Chris Youé

Department of History, Memorial University, St. John's, Newfoundland

Third World

Bassam Yousif

Department of Economics, Indiana State University

Development, Industrial: The Middle East and North Africa

John Zaborney

Department of Business and International Studies, University of Maine, Presque Isle

Slavery: The United States

Jeffrey Zalar

Department of History and Humanities–Teacher Education Division, Pepperdine University

Center Party

Sibel Zandi-Sayek

Department of Art and Art History, College of William and Mary

Urbanism and Urbanization: The Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Maggy Zanger

Department of Journalism, University of Arizona

Kurds and Kurdistan

William Zartman

School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University

Vienna, Congress of

Frank Zelko

Department of History and Environmental Studies Program, University of Vermont

Green Parties; Greenpeace

Eleanor Zelliot

Department of History, Carleton College, Emerita

Dalits

Eric Zolov

Department of History, Franklin and Marshall College

Tlatelolco Massacre

Yahia H. Zoubir

École de Management, Euromed Marseille, France

North Africa

Larry Zuckerman

Independent Scholar, Seattle

Potato: Overview

Lorna Lueker Zukas

Department of Social Sciences, National University, La Jolla, California

Rubber: Overview; Rubber: Africa