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Directory of Contributors

Source:
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Directory of Contributors

Reidar Aasgaard

Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo

Religion: Christian Views of Greek and Roman Religion

Ryan R. Abrecht

Department of History, University of California, Santa Barbara

Aemilius Paullus

Fabius Maximus

Flamininus, Titus Quinctius

Flaminius, Gaius

Historia Augusta

Horatii

Horatius Cocles

Scipio Aemilianus

Tarquin the Proud

Theodosius I

Theodosius II

Karen Acton

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Domitian

Flavian Family and Dynasty

Four Emperors, Year of

Colin Adams

School of Archaeology, Classics and Ancient History, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom

Transportation, Land, Roman

Winthrop Lindsay Adams

Department of History, University of Utah

Antigonids

Macedonian Wars

Sheila Ager

Department of Classical Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario

Arbitration

Archives and Record Keeping

Inscriptions, Greek

Aileen Ajootian

Department of Classics, University of Mississippi

Praxiteles

Fred C. Albertson

Department of Art, University of Memphis

Apollo Belvedere

Laocoön

Gregory S. Aldrete

Department of History, University of Wisconsin–Green Bay

Tiber

Annetta Alexandridis

Department of History of Art, Cornell University

Animals

Arlene Allan

Department of Classics, University of Otago, New Zealand

Mars

Mont Allen

Department of History of Art, University of California, Berkeley

Sarcophagus

Susan Heuck Allen

Department of Archaeology, Smith College

Schliemann, Heinrich

Mark Alonge

Department of Classical Studies, Boston University

Zeus

Brita Alroth

Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Uppsala, Sweden

Votive Offerings

Albert J. Ammerman

Department of the Classics, Colgate University

Forum in Rome

Carl A. Anderson

Department of Classical Studies, Michigan State University

Athena

Poseidon

Clifford Ando

Department of Classics, University of Chicago

Citizenship, Roman

Political Structure and Ideology, Roman: The Empire

Kelly E. Arenson

University of Memphis

Pleasure

Markus Asper

Department of Classics, New York University

Euclid

Mathematics

Nigel Aston

School of Historical Studies, University of Leicester, United Kingdom

Gibbon, Edward

Catherine Atherton

Department of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles

Chrysippus

Erin K. Babnik

Department of History of Art, University of California, Berkeley

Lysippus

Myron

Polyclitus of Argos

Scopas

D. T. J. Bailey

Department of Philosophy, University of Colorado, Boulder

Knowledge, Theories of

Syllogism

J. A. Baird

School of History, Classics, and Archaeology, Birkbeck College, University of London

City: Roman Urbanism

Han Baltussen

Department of Classics, University of Adelaide, Australia

Galen

Hippocratic Corpus

Hippocratic Oath

Perception, Theories of

Peter Fibiger Bang

Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen

Trade and Commerce, Roman

Marcello Barbanera

Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità, University of Rome La Sapienza

Nudity

Silvia Barbantani

Instituto di Filogia Classica e Papirologia, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Italy

Genre

C. L. H. Barnes

Independent Scholar, Brooklyn, New York

Tarentum

Anthony A. Barrett

Department of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Nero

Beryl Barr-Sharrar

Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Derveni Krater

Sarah Bassett

Department of Art and Art History, Wayne State University

Constantinople: Archaeology

Mary Beagon

School of Arts, Histories, and Cultures, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Pliny the Elder

Richard H. Beal

Oriental Institute, University of Chicago

Hittites

Stephen Beall

Department of Foreign Languages, Marquette University

Fronto

Gellius, Aulus

Hans Beck

Department of History, McGill University, Montreal

Scipio Africanus

Jeffrey A. Becker

Department of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Liguria

Jonathan Beere

Philosophy and Excellence Cluster Topoi, Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, Germany

Metaphysics

Malcolm Bell III

McIntire Department of Art, University of Virginia

Agora

Marina Belozerskaya

Independent Scholar, Santa Monica, California

Classical Tradition: Classical Influences on Western Art

Herbert W. Benario

Department of Classics, Emory University, Emeritus

Arminius

J. L. Berggren

Department of Mathematics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, Emeritus

Ptolemy, Claudius

Marquis Berrey

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Archimedes

Erasistratus

Eratosthenes

Stefania Berutti

Independent Scholar, Florence, Italy

Archaeology: Sites in Italy

Gábor Betegh

Department of Philosophy, Central European University, Budapest

Orphism

Religion: Philosophical Criticism

Richard Bett

Department of Philosophy, John Hopkins University

Stoicism

David Blank

Department of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles

Philodemus of Gadara

Roger Blockley

College of the Humanities, Carleton University, Ottawa

Ammianus Marcellinus

Mary T. Boatwright

Department of Classical Studies, Duke University

Capri

Hadrian

Douglas Ryan Boin

Department of Classics and the Institute for the Study of Antiquity and Christian Origins, University of Texas, Austin

Church Buildings

Synagogues

Sarah Bolmarcich

Department of Classics, Trinity University, San Antonio

Assembly

Civil War

Council

Demes

Friendship, Greek

Metic

Phratry

Eugene Borza

Pennsylvania State University, Emeritus

Vergina

Hugh Bowden

Department of Classics, King's College London

Delphi: Historical Overview

Oracles

John Bowin

University of California, Santa Cruz

Infinity

Time

Anthony J. Boyle

Department of Classics, University of Southern California

Tragedy, Roman

Alfred S. Bradford

Department of History, University of Oklahoma, Norman

Banditry and Brigandage, Greek

Heraclidae

Laconia

Peloponnesus

David Brakke

Department of Religious Studies, Indiana University, Bloomington

Monasticism

Susanna Braund

Department of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Juvenal

Persius

Brian W. Breed

Department of Classics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Latin Literature, Beginnings of

Marc Brettler

Department of Near Eastern and Judaic Studies, Brandeis University

Bible: Jewish Scripture and Other Writings

Kai Brodersen

Department of History, Universität Mannheim, Germany

Mediterranean Sea and Region

Seven Wonders

Ben Brown

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Sydney

Gymnasium: Social History

Eric Brown

Department of Philosophy, Washington University, St. Louis

Cosmopolitanism

Justice

Christer Bruun

Department of Classics, University of Toronto

Agrippa

Inscriptions, Latin

Res Gestae Divi Augusti

Robert A. Bryant

Department of Religion, Presbyterian College

Oratory, Greco-Roman

John Buckler

Professor of Greek History, Emeritus

Boeotia

Epaminondas

Thebes: The History of Thebes

Peter Burian

Department of Classical Studies, Duke University

Euripides

Stanley M. Burstein

Department of History, California State University, Los Angeles

Africans in Antiquity

Ethiopia

Austin Busch

Department of English, College at Brockport, State University of New York

Deification, Greek

Douglas Cairns

School of History, Classics, and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh

Shame

Terrance D. Callan

The Athenaeum of Ohio, Cincinnati

Prophecy

John M. Camp

Agora Excavations, American School of Classical Studies, Athens, Greece

Athens: Athens as an Archaeological Site

Gordon Lindsay Campbell

Department of Ancient Classics, National University of Ireland, Maynooth

Creation

Deborah Carlson

Nautical Archaeology Program, Texas A&M University

Ships and Seafaring

Elizabeth Donnelly Carney

Department of History, Clemson University

Olympias

Alexandra A. Carpino

Department of Humanities, Arts, and Religion, Northern Arizona University

Mirrors

Maureen Carroll

Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Cologne

Trier

Jane B. Carter

Department of Classical Studies, Tulane University

Daedalic Art

Michael Carter

Department of Classics, Brock University, St. Catharines, Ontario

Amphitheaters and Arenas

Paul Cartledge

Department of Classics, University of Cambridge

Agesilaus

Lycurgus of Sparta

Messenia

Perioikoi

Sparta

Luca Castagnoli

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Durham, United Kingdom

Sextus Empiricus

Skepticism

Catherine J. Castner

Department of Languages, Literatures and Cultures, University of South Carolina

Hypatia

Women: Women as Members of Philosophical Schools

Alexis Castor

Department of Classics, Franklin & Marshall College

Jewelry

Mortimer Chambers

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Droysen, J. G.

Grote, George

Momigliano, A. D.

Craige B. Champion

Department of History, Syracuse University

Empire, Ideology of Roman

Funeral Oration, Latin

Funerals, Roman

Hannibal

Interstate Relations

Masinissa

Social Organization, Roman

Angelos Chaniotis

All Souls College, Oxford

Crete: The History of Ancient Crete

Robert Chenault

Department of History, Willamette University

Milan

Ravenna

Symmachus

David Cherry

Department of History and Philosophy, Montana State University

Mauretania

Numidia

Jo-Marie Claassen

University of Stellenbosch, South Africa, Emerita

Exile, Roman

James Clackson

Jesus College, Cambridge

Latin: The Latin Language

John R. Clarke

Department of Art and Art History, University of Texas, Austin

Erotica

Diskin Clay

Department of Classical Studies, Duke University, Emeritus

Autochthony

Dante

Heroes: The Hero Cult of Greek Philosophers

Metempsychosis

Reincarnation

Jenny Strauss Clay

Department of Classics, University of Virginia

Golden Age

Eric H. Cline

Department of Classics and Semitics, George Washington University

Mycenae: Historical Overview

Thera

Kevin Clinton

Department of Classics, Cornell University

Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries

Beth Cohen

American Journal of Archaeology, New York City

Painting

Vase Painters

Robert Cohon

Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri; University of Missouri, Kansas City

Forgeries, Artistic

Susan Guettel Cole

Department of Classics, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Dionysia

Dionysus

Maenads

Satyrs: Satyrs in Mythology

Patrick Coleman

Department of Art History, Rutgers University

Amazons: Artistic Representations

Barbarians: Artistic Representations

Satyrs: Satyrs in Art

Cavan W. Concannon

Harvard University

Leptis Magna

Catherine Connors

Department of Classics, University of Washington

Lucretia

Tarpeia

Women: Women in Latin Literature

Lorelei H. Corcoran

Institute of Egyptian Art, and Archaeology, University of Memphis

Mummies

Sean Corner

Department of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Wine

Thomas Corsten

Seminar für Alte Geschichte, Universität Heidelberg, Germany; Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, University of Oxford

Asia

Bithynia

Names, Greek

Michel Cottier

Department of Classics, University of Toronto

Finance, Roman: Overview

Frank T. Coulson

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University

Classical Scholarship: Western Europe in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Paleography

Cheryl Cox

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of Memphis

Family and Kinship, Greek

Eric Andrew Cox

University of Wisconsin–Madison

Caves

Christopher P. Craig

Department of Classics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Hortensia

Oratory, Roman

Quintilian

Elizabeth M. Craik

School of Historical Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom; School of Classics;

University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Anatomy and Physiology

Raffaella Cribiore

Department of Classics, New York University

Writing Materials

Eugene Cruz-Uribe

Department of History, Northern Arizona University, Emeritus

Egypt: Dynastic Egypt

Eric Csapo

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Sydney

Actors and Acting

Theatrical Production, Greek

Patricia Curd

Purdue University

Anaxagoras

Empedocles

Monica S. Cyrino

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, University of New Mexico

Classical Tradition: Film and Television

Giovan Battista D'Alessio

Department of Classics, King's College London

Poetry, Greek: Didactic Poetry

Poetry, Greek: Epic

Poetry, Greek: Epinician Poetry

Gregory Daly

School of Arts, Histories, and Cultures, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Cannae, Battle of

Regulus

Zama, Battle of

John K. Davies

Department of Ancient History and Classical Archaeology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Social Organization, Greek

Peter Davis

School of History and Classics, University of Tasmania, Australia

Games: Roman Games

Franco De Angelis

Department of Classical, Near Eastern, and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Colonies and Colonization, Greek

Michael de Brauw

Department of Modern and Classical Languages, North Central College

Aeschines

Figures of Speech

Funeral Oration, Greek

Lysias

Oratory, Greek

Panegyric

Speechwriting

Andrea U. De Giorgi

Department of Classics, Rutgers University

Archaeology: Sites in Turkey

Nancy Thomson de Grummond

Department of Classics, Florida State University

Etruscans: History and Religion

Lidewijde de Jong

Department of Classics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Antioch

Philip de Souza

School of Classics, University College Dublin

Piracy

Mark DelCogliano

Department of Theology, St. Thomas University

Christianity

Segolène Demougin

Section des Sciences Historiques et Philologiques, École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris

Equites

Michael Dewar

Department of Classics, University of Toronto

Silius Italicus

Statius

Eleanor Dickey

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Classical Scholarship: Antiquity

Classical Scholarship: Modern Classical Scholarship

Literary Criticism, Ancient

Longinus

John Dillon

Trinity College, Dublin, Emeritus

Platonism

Matthew Dillon

Department of Classics and Archaeology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles

Cilicia

Sheila Dillon

Department of Art, Art History, and Visual Studies, Duke University

Portraits and Portraiture

Martin Dinter

Department of Classics, King's College London

Martial

Valerius Flaccus

Suzanne Dixon

Department of Classics, University of Queensland, Australia

Cornelia

Widows, Roman

Sviatoslav Dmitriev

Department of History, Ball State University

Attalids

Magistrates and Officials, Greek

John J. Dobbins

McIntire Department of Art, University of Virginia

Herculaneum

William J. Dominik

Department of Classics, University of Otago, New Zealand

Hercules: Hercules in Roman Religion

Jugurtha

A. A. Donohue

Department of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, Bryn Mawr College

Classical Scholarship: History of the Study of Ancient Art and Architecture

Jan Willem Drijvers

Department of History, University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Helena

John Drinkwater

Department of Classics, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom

Barbarians: Barbarians and Rome

Decius

Gallienus

Romanization

Valerian

Page duBois

Department of Literature, University of California, San Diego

Torture, Greek

Daniela Dueck

Departments of Classical Studies and History, Bar Ilan University, Israel

Strabo

Elisha Ann Dumser

Department of Art, Ursuline College

Ara Pacis Augustae

Arch

Basilica

Dome

Vaults and Vaulting

James D. G. Dunn

Department of Theology and Religion, University of Durham, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Jesus

Stephen L. Dyson

Department of Classics, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Archaeology: Historical Overview

Melissa Suzanne Eaby

Institute for Aegean Prehistory Study Center for East Crete, Greece

Crete: Archaeology of Crete

Mary Ann Eaverly

Department of Classics, University of Florida

Equestrian Monuments

Jennifer Ebbeler

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Augustine

Susanne Ebbinghaus

Department of Ancient Art and Byzantine Art and Numismatics, Harvard Art Museum

Color

Hella Eckardt

Department of Archaeology, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Britain

London

Ingrid E. M. Edlund-Berry

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Capitals

Moldings, Architectural

Mark Edwards

Christ Church, Oxford

Philosophy: Christian Polemical Writing against the Greek Philosophers

Claude Eilers

Department of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Local Government, Roman

Gunnel Ekroth

Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Stockholm University, Sweden

Altars

Yaron Z. Eliav

Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Jerusalem

Jews and Judaism

Linda Ellis

Museum Studies Program, San Francisco State University

Illyria

Steven J. R. Ellis

Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati

Italy

Samnites

Sardinia

Vesuvius

Darel Tai Engen

Department of History, California State University, San Marcos

Proxeny

Trade and Commerce, Greek

Walter Englert

Department of Classics, Reed College

Cicero: Philosophy of Cicero

Brice Erickson

Department of Classics, University of California, Santa Barbara

Cyclades

Gortyn

Rhodes

Michael Erler

Institut für Klassische Philologie, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg, Germany

Epicurus

Andrew Erskine

School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh

Cynoscephalae, Battle of

Pydna, Battle of

Simon Esmonde Cleary

Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Gaul

Harry Evans

Department of Classics, Fordham University, Emeritus

Water Supply

Garrett G. Fagan

Department of Classics, Pennsylvania State University

Police and Fire Services

Punishment

Torture, Roman

Andrea Falcon

Department of Philosophy, Concordia University, Montreal

Socratics, Minor

J. Clayton Fant

Department of Classical Studies, Anthropology, and Archaeology, University of Akron

Pantheon

Elaine Fantham

Department of Classics, Princeton University, Emerita

Arval Brothers

Cassius

Cato the Younger

Deification, Roman

Devotio

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Eunuchs

Incest

Julia the Elder

Julia the Younger

Muses: The Muses in Roman Literary Tradition

Vincent Farenga

Department of Classics, University of Southern California

Democracy

Joseph Farrell

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Virgil

Andrew Faulkner

Department of Classical Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario

Aphrodite

Jane Fejfer

Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen

Collectors and Collections

Elizabeth Fentress

Independent Scholar, Rome

Cosa

Margalit Finkelberg

Department of Classics, Tel Aviv University

Dorians

Amber Fischer

Independent Scholar, Hoboken, New Jersey

Ares

Chthonic Gods

Hephaestus

Hermes

Myths of Divine Rape and Metamorphosis

Scylla and Charybdis

Helene P. Foley

Department of Classics, Barnard College

Demeter

Tragedy, Greek

Sara Forsdyke

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Exile, Greek

Gary Forsythe

Department of History, Texas Tech University

Chronology

Benjamin W. Fortson IV

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Oscans

Karen Polinger Foster

Departments of History of Art and Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations, Yale University

Faience

Kyle A. Fraser

Department of History of Science and Technology, University of King's College, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Alchemy

Philip Freeman

Department of Classics, Luther College

Druids

John Friend

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Ephebe

Leuctra, Battle of

Military Structure and Organization, Greek

Bruce W. Frier

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Jurists, Roman

Law, Roman

Charles Fuqua

Department of Classics, Williams College, Emeritus

Sisyphus

Styx

Tantalus

Alison Futrell

Department of History, University of Arizona

Chariot Racing

Circus

Gladiators and Gladiatorial Games

Janice J. Gabbert

Department of Classics, Wright State University

Epirus

Michael Gagarin

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Antiphon

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

Law and Legal Theory

Law, Greek

Law, Natural

Nomos and Physis

Sophists, Classical

Traianos Gagos

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Papyrology

Scott Gallimore

Department of Classics, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Mills and Milling

Ralph F. Gallucci

Department of Classics, University of California, Santa Barbara

Amnesty

Ostracism

Thirty Tyrants, Greek

Randall Ganiban

Department of Classics, Middlebury College

Jupiter

Venus

Daniel Gargola

Department of History, University of Kentucky

Assemblies, Roman

Sulla

Tribe, Roman

Robert Garland

Department of Classics, Colgate University

Death: Death in Greek Literature

Piraeus

Underworld and Afterlife

Thomas Garvey

American School of Classical Studies, Athens; Department of Classics, University of Virginia

Priene

Stoa

Charles Gates

Department of Archaeology and History of Art, Bilkent University, Turkey

City: Historical Overview and Theoretical Issues

Joseph Geiger

Department of Classics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem

Plutarch: Biographical Writings

Michele George

Department of Classics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario

Family and Kinship, Roman: The Roman Family

Patty Gerstenblith

DePaul University College of Law

Art Market: Legal Issues

Laura Gibbs

Department of Modern Languages, Literatures and Linguistics, University of Oklahoma, Norman

Aesop

Fable

Folktale

Proverbs

Linda Maria Gigante

Department of Fine Arts, University of Louisville

Funerary Art

Perspective

Urns, Cinerary

David W. J. Gill

Centre for Egyptology and Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Wales, Swansea

Weights and Measures: Roman Weights and Measures

Barbara K. Gold

Department of Classics, Hamilton College

Patronage: Literary Patronage

Sander Goldberg

Department of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles

Cato the Elder

Ennius, Quintus

Philhellenism

Mark Golden

Department of Classics, University of Winnipeg, Manitoba

Children and Childhood

Jill Gordon

Department of Philosophy, Colby College

Love, Platonic

Alain M. Gowing

Department of Classics, University of Washington

Brutus, Lucius Junius

Brutus, Marcus Junius

Philippi, Battle of

Triumvirs

David F. Graf

Department of Religious Studies, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida

Arabia

Arabs

Levant

Fritz Graf

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University

Delphic Oracle

Mythology, Roman

Pollution and Purification

Prayer

Daniel W. Graham

Department of Philosophy, Brigham Young University

Presocratics

Margaret Graver

Department of Classics, Dartmouth College

Epictetus

Philosophy as Therapy

Vivienne Gray

Department of Classics, University of Auckland, New Zealand

Xenophon

Geoffrey Greatrex

Department of Classics and Religious Studies, University of Ottawa

Armenia

Persia: Arsacid and Sassanian Persia

Alan M. Greaves

School of Archaeology, Classics, and Egyptology, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom

Cnidus

Lydia

Miletus

Phrygia

C. M. C. Green

Department of Classics, University of Iowa

Agricultural Treatises

Columella

Diana

Dionysius of Halicarnassus

Hunting, Greek

Hunting, Roman

Peter Green

Department of Classics, University of Iowa; Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin, Emeritus

Diodorus Siculus

Timaeus of Tauromenium

Ellen Greene

Department of Classics, University of Oklahoma, Norman

Poetry, Greek: Women Poets

Sappho

William Greenwalt

Department of Classics, Santa Clara University

Kingship, Greek

Alison B. Griffith

Department of Classics, University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Mithras

Veronika Grimm

Department of Classics, Yale University

Banquets, Roman

Erich S. Gruen

Department of Classics, University of California, Berkeley

Religion: Jewish Views of Greek and Roman Religion

Rome: Early Rome and the Republic

Robert Gurval

Department of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles

Actium, Battle of

Carolin Hahnemann

Department of Classics, Kenyon College

Priam and Hecuba

Theseus

Tiresias

John R. Hale

University of Louisville

Delphi: Archaeology of Delphi

Jonathan M. Hall

Department of History, University of Chicago

Ethnicity

Greece: The Archaic Age

Benjamin S. Haller

Department of Classics, Virginia Wesleyan College

Antigone

Narcissus

Pandora

Pygmalion

David Halperin

Departments of Classical Studies and English Language and Literature, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Homosexuality

Richard Hamilton

Department of Greek, Latin, and Classical Studies, Bryn Mawr College

Herms

Robert Hannah

Department of Classics, University of Otago, New Zealand

Calendar, Greek

Mogens Herman Hansen

Department of Greek and Latin, Saxo Institute, University of Copenhagen

Polis

Population and Demography, Greek

Ann Ellis Hanson

Department of Classics, Yale University

Amulets

Stephen Harrison

Corpus Christi College, Oxford

Apuleius

Cupid and Psyche

Novel, Greek and Latin

Udo Hartmann

Institut für Klassische Altertumskunde, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, Germany

Palmyra

Kim J. Hartswick

Baccalaureate Program, City University of New York

Gardens

Paul B. Harvey Jr.

Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, History, and Jewish Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Pomerium

Myrto Hatzimichali

Faculty of Classics, University of Cambridge

Plutarch: Philosophical Writings

Jeffrey Hause

Departments of Classical and Near Eastern Studies and Philosophy, Creighton University

Boethius

Shane Hawkins

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa

Greek: The Greek Language

Greek: The Pronunciation of Ancient Greek

Tom Hawkins

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University

Dio Chrysostom

Peter Heather

Worcester College, Oxford

Attila

Goths

Huns

Waldemar Heckel

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta

Argeads

Chaeronea, Battle of

Macedon

Philip II

Charles W. Hedrick Jr.

Department of History, University of California, Santa Cruz

Periodization

Olivier Hekster

Department of History, Radboud University, Nijmegen, The Netherlands

Antonine Family and Dynasty

Antoninus Pius

Marcus Aurelius: Life and Career

Nerva

Trajan

Thomas R. Henderson II

American School of Classical Studies, Athens; Department of Classics, Florida State University

Gymnasium: Architecture

Martin E. Henig

Wolfson College, Oxford

Cameos

Gems

Devin M. Henry

Department of Philosophy, University of Western Ontario

Causation, Theories of

Matthias Henze

Department of Religious Studies, Rice University

Dead Sea Scrolls

Geraldine Herbert-Brown

Independent Scholar, Northbridge, Australia

Calendar, Roman

Livia

Messalina

Octavia

Pura Nieto Hernández

Department of Classics, Brown University

Metaphor and Simile

Harry M. Hine

School of Classics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Earthquakes

Nicolle Hirschfeld

Department of Classical Studies, Trinity University, San Antonio

Cyprus

Sarah Hitch

Department of Classics, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Jason and the Argonauts

Lemnian Women

Medea

Orpheus and Eurydice

Prometheus

Louise A. Hitchcock

Centre for Classics and Archaeology, University of Melbourne, Australia

Knossos: Archaeology of Knossos

Knossos: Historical Overview

R. Bruce Hitchner

Department of Classics, Tufts University

Africa, Province of

Angela Hobbs

Department of Philosophy, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Virtue, Philosophical Conceptions of

Virtue, Popular Conceptions of

A. Trevor Hodge

Department of Classics, Carleton University, Ottawa, Emeritus

Aqueducts

Sanitation and Sewers

Owen Hodkinson

Department of Classics, University of Wales, Lampeter

Letters, Greek

Pseudepigrapha, Literary

Mary Hollinshead

Department of Art and Art History, University of Rhode Island

Temples

Frank Holt

Department of History, University of Houston

Alexander the Great: Life and Career

Central Asia

Weights and Measures: Greek Weights and Measures

Daniel Hooley

Department of Classical Studies, University of Missouri, Columbia

Satire, Latin

Oliver Hoover

The American Numismatic Society, Burlington, Ontario

Coins and Coinage

Regina Höschele

Department of Classics, University of Toronto

Daphnis and Chloe

Greek Anthology

Poetry, Greek: Epigrams

Stephen Howe

Department of Historical Studies, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Afrocentrism

Timothy Howe

Department of History, St. Olaf College

Greece: Geography

Land, Greek

Thomas K. Hubbard

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Bacchylides

Pindar

Poetry, Greek: Choral Lyric

Sexuality, Greek

Carl A. Huffman

Department of Classical Studies, DePauw University

Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans

J. Donald Hughes

Department of History, University of Denver

Environment: The Greek World

Environment: The Roman World

Martin Huld

Department of English, California State University, Los Angeles

Indo-Europeans

Peter Hunt

Department of Classics, University of Colorado, Boulder

Slavery: Slavery in Greece

Slavery: Slavery in Rome

Spartacus

Frédéric Hurlet

Département d’Histoire de l'Art et Archéologie, Université de Nantes, France

Augustus: Life and Career

Donna Hurley

Independent Scholar, New York City

Agrippina the Elder

Agrippina the Younger

Biography

Caligula

Claudius

Germanicus

Suetonius

Jeffrey M. Hurwit

Department of Art History and Classics, University of Oregon

Acropolis, Athenian

G. O. Hutchinson

Exeter College, Oxford

Poetry, Greek: Overview to 1 bce

Margaret Imber

Department of Classical and Medieval Studies, Bates College

Declamation

Seneca the Elder

Mario Iozzo

Soprintendenza ai Beni Archeologici della Toscana, Italy

Toys and Games

G. L. Irby-Massie

Department of Classical Studies, College of William and Mary

Eclipses

Engineering

Maps and Mapmaking

Metals and Metallurgy

Physics

Technology

Time and Timekeeping, Greek

Transportation, Land, Greek

Elizabeth Irwin

Center for Hellenic Studies, Columbia University

Poetry, Greek: Elegiac Poetry

Theognis

Tyrtaeus

Benjamin Isaac

Department of Classical Studies, Tel-Aviv University

Barbarians: Barbarians and Greece

Martin S. Jaffee

Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington

Judaism, Rabbinic

Sharon L. James

Department of Classics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Women: Women in Greece

Women: Women in Greek Literature

Joe Jansen

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, Rhodes College

Mines and Mining

Robin M. Jensen

Department of the History of Art, Vanderbilt University Divinity School

Christian Art: Overview

William Johnson

Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati

Books

Literacy, Roman

Reading and Readers

David Johnston QC

Queen's Counsel, Faculty of Advocates, Edinburgh

Inheritance, Roman

Sarah Iles Johnston

Ohio State University

Death: Explanations of and Attitudes toward Death

Ritual

Janet Duncan Jones

Department of Classics, Bucknell University

Glass

Nicholas F. Jones

Department of Classics, University of Pittsburgh

Athens: History of Athens in Antiquity

Attica: History of Attica

Clubs and Associations, Greek

Liturgy

Prudence Jones

Department of Classics and General Humanities, Montclair State University

Alexandria

Martha Sharp Joukowsky

Institute of Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown University, Emerita

Petra

Anthony Kaldellis

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University

Chios

Classical Scholarship: Byzantium

Lesbos

Naxos

Samothrace

Natalie Kampen

Barnard College, Emerita

Plebeian Art, Roman

Susan E. Kane

Department of Art, Oberlin College

Marble

Bob Kaster

Department of Classics, Princeton University

Macrobius

Values and Virtues, Roman

Robert B. Kebric

Department of History, University of Louisville

Aspasia

Atlantis

Timoleon

Dennis P. Kehoe

Department of Classical Studies, Tulane University

Finance, Roman: The Patrimonium

Industry, Roman

Labor, Roman

Land, Roman

Alison Keith

Department of Classics, University of Toronto

Ovid

Thomas Kelly

Department of History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, Emeritus

Argos and the Argolis

Adam Kemezis

Department of History and Classics, University of Alberta

Commodus

Philip the Arab

John F. Kenfield III

Department of Art History, Rutgers University

Antefix

James Ker

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Letters, Roman

Pliny the Younger

Paul T. Keyser

Independent Scholar, Hawthorne, New York

Science

Robert Kirstein

Institut für Klassische Philologie, Universität Münster, Germany

Menander

Mommsen, Theodor

Nancy L. Klein

Department of Architecture, Texas A&M University

Architecture: Forms and Terms

Architecture: Historical Overview

David Konstan

Department of Classics, Brown University

Allegory

Emotions

Friendship, Roman

Metaphor and Simile

Narrative, Literary

Jennifer Clarke Kosak

Department of Classics, Bowdoin College

Ajax

Alcestis

Cassandra

Danaids

Suicide, Greek

Christina S. Kraus

Department of Classics, Yale University

Historiography, Latin

Livy

Peter Krentz

Department of Classics, Davidson College

Marathon, Battle of

Michael Kulikowski

Marco Institute for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Adrianople, Battle of

Franks

Vandals

Inna Kupreeva

Department of Philosophy, University of Edinburgh

Aristotle: Commentators on Aristotle

Cosmogony and Cosmology

Matter

Donna Kurtz

Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies, University of Oxford

Beazley, J. D.

David Kutzko

Department of Foreign Languages, Western Michigan University

Mime

Donald G. Kyle

Department of History, University of Texas, Arlington

Colosseum

Games: Greek Games

Ismene Lada-Richards

Department of Classics, King's College London

Pantomime

Kurt Lampe

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Poetry, Philosophical

Seven Sages

Lynne Lancaster

Department of Classics and World Religions, Ohio University

Brick

Building Materials and Construction

Concrete

Merle K. Langdon

Department of Classics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Graffiti

Susan Langdon

Department of Art History and Archaeology, University of Missouri, Columbia

Geometric and Protogeometric Art

Kenneth Lapatin

Department of Antiquities, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Ivory

Stephanie Larson

Department of Classics, Bucknell University

Ethnos

Federal States

Plataea

Julie Laskaris

Department of Classical Studies, University of Richmond

Health and Disease

B. M. Lavelle

Department of Classical Studies, Loyola University, Chicago

Pisistratus

Tyrannicides

Tyranny

Mark L. Lawall

Department of Classics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg

Amphora

Andrew Lear

Wabash College

Eros

Mireille M. Lee

Departments of Classics and History of Art, Vanderbilt University

Adornment, Personal

Clothing

Textiles

Mary R. Lefkowitz

Department of Classical Studies, Wellesley College

Amazons: Amazons in Literature

Atreus, House of

Ronald Legon

Department of Legal, Ethical, and Historical Studies, University of Baltimore, Emeritus

Corinth

Megara

Daryn Lehoux

Department of Classics, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario

Astronomy

Robert Leighton

Department of Archaeology, University of Edinburgh

Tarquinia

Irene S. Lemos

Ioannou Centre for Classical and Byzantine Studies, University of Oxford

Chalcis

Eretria

Euboea

Lefkandi

James G. Lennox

Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh

Zoology

Noel Lenski

Department of Classics, University of Colorado, Boulder

Diocletian

Tetrarchy

Jeffrey D. Lerner

Department of History, Wake Forest University

Greece: The Hellenistic Age

Pergamum

Seleucids

D. S. Levene

Department of Classics, New York University

Priesthoods, Roman

Sallust

Nicola Denzey Lewis

Committee on the Study of Religion, Harvard University

Catacombs

Andrew Lintott

Worcester College, Oxford

Maiestas

R. Joy Littlewood

Independent Scholar, Dorchester on Thames, United Kingdom

Fortune

Janus

Robert Littman

University of Hawaii, Manoa

Alcmaeonidae

Judaea: Pre-Hellenistic and Hellenistic Judaea

Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones

School of History, Classics, and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh

Prostitution, Greek

Michael Lloyd

School of Classics, University College Dublin

Aeschylus

John A. Lobur

Department of Classics, University of Mississippi

Cinna

Lepidus

Tiberius

Kathryn Lomas

Institute of Archaeology, University College London

Colonies and Colonization, Roman

Alex Long

School of Classics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Heraclitus

Gertrud J. M. van Loon

University of Leiden, The Netherlands

Christian Art: Egypt

S. T. Loseby

Department of History, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom

Marseille

Michèle Lowrie

Department of Classics, New York University

Horace

Poetry, Latin: Lyric

Sandra K. Lucore

American School of Classical Studies, Athens, Greece

Baths

Claire Lyons

J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Dilettanti, Society of

Georgia S. Maas

Independent Scholar, Brooklyn, New York

Castor and Pollux

Hera

Medusa

Meleager

Perseus and Bellerophon

Margaret MacDonald

Department of Religious Studies, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia

Marriage and Divorce: Christian Marriage

Emily Mackil

Department of History, University of California, Berkeley

Achaea and the Achaean Confederacy

Aetolia and the Aetolian Confederacy

Jesper Majbom Madsen

Department of History, University of Southern Denmark

Paphlagonia

Pontus, Kingdom of

Enrico Magnelli

Dipartimento di Scienze dell' Antichita" G. Pasquali," University of Florence, Italy

Meter, Greek

Textual Criticism

Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich von

Robert Maltby

Department of Classics, University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Bilingualism and Multilingualism

Propertius, Sextus

J. G. Manning

Departments of Classics and History, Yale University

Egypt: Ptolemaic Egypt

Ptolemies

Clemente Marconi

Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Sculpture, Architectural

Antti Marjanen

Department of Biblical Studies, University of Helsinki

Gnosticism

Glenn E. Markoe

Cincinnati Art Museum

Phoenicia

Adam Kolman Marshak

Department of Classical Studies, Brandeis University

Herod the Great

Richard P. Martin

Department of Classics, Stanford University

Gift

Gnomic Literature and Wisdom

Thomas R. Martin

Department of Classics, College of the Holy Cross

Antigonus Monophthalmus

Demetrius Poliorcetes

Thessaly

Steve Mason

Department of History, York University, Toronto

Josephus

Susan B. Matheson

Yale University Art Gallery

Dura-Europos

Shelly Matthews

Department of Religion, Furman University

Acts of the Apostles

Carol C. Mattusch

Department of History and Art History, George Mason University

Metalwork

Pompeii and Herculaneum

Riace Warriors

James M. May

Department of Classics, St. Olaf College

Rhetoric, Latin

Joseph McAlhany

Department of Classics and Great Ideas, Carthage College

Varro

Laura McClure

Department of Classics, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Courtesans

Lee M. McDonald

Acadia Divinity College, Nova Scotia

Bible: Christian Scripture and Other Writings

Christopher M. McDonough

Department of Classical Languages, University of the South

Religion: Roman Religion

Siobhán McElduff

Department of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Translation, Ancient

Brian McGing

Department of Classics, Trinity College, Dublin

Mithradates

Polybius

Thomas A. J. McGinn

School of Classical Studies, American Academy in Rome; Department of Classical Studies, Vanderbilt University

Prostitution, Roman

E. P. McGowan

Department of Art, Williams College, Oxford

Columns, Commemorative

Mausoleum

Jeremy McInerney

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Phocis

Sacred Wars

Sheila J. McNally

Department of Art History, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Split

Tim McNiven

Department of History of Art, Ohio State University

Nonverbal Communication

Michael Meckler

Center for Epigraphical and Palaeographical Studies, Ohio State University

Caracalla

Julia Domna

Jørgen Mejer

University of Copenhagen

Philosophy: History of Philosophy in Antiquity

Henry Mendell

Department of Philosophy, California State University, Los Angeles

Space

Andreya L. Mihaloew

Department of Classics, Harvard University

Prytaneion

Margaret M. Miles

American School of Classical Studies, Athens, Greece

Art Market: The Art Market and Collecting Art in the Ancient World

Egyptomania

John F. Miller

Department of Classics, University of Virginia

Apollo: Apollo in Roman Religion

Festivals, Roman

Kristina Milnor

Department of Classics, Barnard College

Empresses and Imperial Women

Women: Women in Rome

David Mirhady

Department of Humanities, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia

Demosthenes

Inheritance, Greek

Marriage and Divorce: Greek Marriage

Jennifer P. Moore

Department of Ancient History and Classics, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario

Carthage

R. L. Moore

Departments of Classics and History, University of Iowa

Military Discipline

Soldiers, Roman

Warfare: Roman Warfare

Timothy J. Moore

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Music

Terence

Theatrical Production, Roman

Teresa Morgan

Department of Ancient History, Oriel College, Oxford

Education

Neville Morley

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Bristol, United Kingdom

Agriculture, Roman

Economy and Economic Theory, Roman

Hans-Friedrich Mueller

Department of Classics, Union College

Ceres

Juno

Saturn

Valerius Maximus

Vesta and the Vestal Virgins

Mark H. Munn

Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Fortifications and Forts, Greek

Sheila Murnaghan

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Sophocles

Penelope Murray

Department of Classics, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Dance

Muses: The Muses in Greek Mythology

K. Sara Myers

Department of Classics, University of Virginia

Poetry, Latin: Elegiac Poetry

Poetry, Latin: Iambic Poetry

Tibullus

Carlo Natali

Dipartimento di Filosofia e Teoria delle Scienze, Università di Venezia, Italy

Philosophical Schools

Bronwen Neil

Centre for Early Christian Studies, Australian Catholic University, Queensland

Church Fathers

Jenifer Neils

Department of Art History and Art, Case Western Reserve University

Apelles

Archaeology: Sites in Greece

Colossus

Elgin Marbles

Hamilton, William

Museums

Nike of Samothrace

Panathenaea

Parthenon

Phidias

Polygnotus of Thasos

Sculpture

Venus de Milo

Women: Artistic Representations

Max Nelson

Department of Languages, Literatures, and Cultures, University of Windsor, Ontario

Food and Drink, Greek

Julia Nelson Hawkins

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University

Plague in Literature

Heinz-Günther Nesselrath

Seminar für Klassische Philologie, Georg-August-Universität, Göttingen, Germany

Comedy, Greek: Middle Comedy

Comedy, Greek: New Comedy

Comedy, Greek: Old Comedy

Carole Newlands

Department of Classics, University of Wisconsin–Madison

Poetry, Latin: Pastoral

Prudentius

Hanne Sigismund Nielsen

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta

Clubs and Associations, Roman

Thomas Heine Nielsen

Saxo Institute, Section for Greek and Latin, University of Copenhagen

Arcadia

Arcadian League

Cindy Nimchuk

Department of History, Mercyhurst College

Persia: Achaemenid Persia

Persian Wars

Salamis, Battle of

Thermopylae, Battle of

Carlos F. Noreña

Department of History, University of California, Berkeley

Elagabalus

Propaganda, Roman

Septimius Severus

René Nünlist

Department of Classics, Brown University

Narrative, Literary

Colin O’Connor

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia, Emeritus

Bridges

James J. O'Donnell

Georgetown University

Libraries

Daniel Ogden

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Magic

S. Doug Olson

Department of Classical and Near Eastern Studies, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Aristophanes

Thorsten Opper

British Museum, London

Hadrian's Villa

Josiah Osgood

Department of Classics, Georgetown University

Mark Antony

Messala

Pharsalus, Battle of

Pollio

Lara O'Sullivan

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Western Australia

Demetrius of Phaleron

Jeremy J. Ott

Institute of Fine Arts, New York University

Cemeteries

Corinne Ondine Pache

Department of Classics, Trinity University, San Antonio

Gods, Greek: Lesser Greek Gods

Gods, Greek: The Olympian Gods

Hercules: Hero and God in Greek Religion

Heroes: Heroes and the Hero Cult

J. Michael Padgett

Princeton University Art Museum

Centaurs

Isabelle Pafford

Department of Classics, Santa Clara University

Treasuries

Thomas G. Palaima

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Writing Systems, Aegean

Sara Palaskas

University of California, Los Angeles

Pella

John Palmer

Department of Philosophy, University of Florida

Anaximander

Democritus of Abdera

Parmenides

Xenophanes of Colophon

Zeno of Elea

Ruth Palmer

Department of Classics and World Religions, Ohio University

Agriculture, Greek

Animal Husbandry

Costas Panayotakis

Department of Classics, University of Glasgow, Scotland

Comic Theater, Roman

Maria Pantelia

Department of Classics, University of California, Irvine

Oedipus

Thebes: Theban Myths

Grant Parker

Department of Classics, Stanford University

Cleopatra VII

Isis

Tim G. Parkin

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Manchester, United Kingdom

Old Age

David Parrish

Department of Visual and Performing Arts, Purdue University

Mosaics

Molly Pasco-Pranger

Department of Classics, University of Mississippi

Time and Timekeeping, Roman

Cynthia Patterson

Department of History, Emory University

Citizenship, Greek

Herodotus

Michael Peachin

Department of Classics, New York University

Prosopography

John Griffiths Pedley

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Paestum

Phil Perkins

Department of Classical Studies, The Open University, United Kingdom

Sicily: The History of Ancient Sicily

Ellen Perry

Department of Classics, College of the Holy Cross

Sculptural Copies and Copying

Lauren Hackworth Petersen

Department of Art History, University of Delaware

Crafts and Artisans

Ivana Petrovic

Department of Classics and Ancient History, Durham University, United Kingdom

Apollo: Apollo in Greek Religion

Artemis

Hymns

David D. Phillips

Department of History, University of California, Los Angeles

Archon

Areopagus

Draco

Solon

Elizabeth Ann Pollard

Department of History, San Diego State University

Sacrifice

Sanctuaries

Nigel Pollard

Swansea University, Wales

Fortifications and Forts, Roman

Judaea: The Roman Province of Judaea

Praetorian Guard

Syria

Weapons and Equipment, Roman

John Pollini

Department of Art History, University of Southern California

Augustus: Portraits of Augustus

David S. Potter

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Asclepiades

Constantinople: History

Consul

Finance, Roman: The Aerarium

Finance, Roman: The Fiscus

Gracchi

Julius Caesar

Magistrates and Officials, Roman

Military Structure and Organization, Roman

Punic Wars

Rome: The Empire

Syme, Ronald

Tanusius Geminus

Barry B. Powell

Department of Classics, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Emeritus

Alphabet and Writing

Crete: Cretan Mythology

Linear B

Literacy, Greek

Orality and Oral Culture

Trojan War

Jonathan G. F. Powell

Department of Classics, Royal Holloway, University of London

Old Age

Nathan M. Powers

Department of Philosophy, University at Albany, State University of New York

Pyrrho

Zeno of Citium

Frances Pownall

Departments of Classics and History, University of Alberta

Panhellenism

Louise Pratt

Department of Classics, Emory University

Achilles

Diomedes

Helen

Odysseus

Maria Pretzler

Department of Classics, Ancient History, and Egyptology, University of Wales, Swansea

Pausanias

Anthony Preus

Department of Philosophy, Binghamton University, State University of New York

Aristotle: Aristotle's Life and Philosophy

Susan H. Prince

Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati

Cynics and Cynicism

Diogenes the Cynic

Andrea L. Purvis

Independent Scholar, Durham, North Carolina

Consolation Literature

Babette Pütz

School of Art History, Classics and Religious Studies, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand

Riddles

Michael Quinn

Department of History, University of Washington

Mercenaries

Warfare: Greek Warfare

Weapons and Equipment, Greek

Kurt Raaflaub

Department of Classics, Brown University

Oligarchy

Ann R. Raia

Department of Classics, College of New Rochelle, Emerita

Boudicca

Fulvia

Octavia, Claudia

Sophonisba

Ian Ralston

School of History, Classics and Archaeology, University of Edinburgh

Celts

Boris Rankov

Department of Classics, Royal Holloway, University of London

Balkans

Hadrian's Wall

Postal Service

Roads

Dominic Rathbone

Department of Classics, King's College London

Taxation, Roman

Christopher Ratté

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Aphrodisias

Nicholas K. Rauh

Purdue University

Delos: Historical Overview

J. D. Reed

Brown University

Poetry, Greek: Pastoral

Gary Reger

Department of History, Trinity College

Aegean Sea

Cos

Samos

John Richardson

School of History and Classics, University of Edinburgh

Imperium

Province, Roman

Spain

Amy Richlin

Department of Classics, University of California, Los Angeles

Pornography

Priapus

Sexuality, Roman

Werner Riess

Department of Classics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Banditry and Brigandage, Roman

Joseph L. Rife

Department of Classical Studies, Vanderbilt University

Africa, Continent of

Apollonius of Tyana

India

Thule

Andrew M. Riggsby

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Alesia, Siege of

Cicero: The Life of Cicero

Vercingetorix

Jennifer T. Roberts

Department of Classics, City University of New York Graduate Center

Greece: The Classical Age

Annabel Robinson

Departments of Classics and Philosophy, University of Regina, Saskatchewan

Cambridge Ritualists

Betsey A. Robinson

Department of History of Art, Vanderbilt University

Fountains and Nymphaea

Julius Rocca

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Medicine

Paul Roche

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Sydney

Lucan

Lucullus

Marius

Duane W. Roller

Department of Greek and Latin, Ohio State University, Emeritus

Cyrene

Exploration

Utica

David Gilman Romano

University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology

Stadium

Irene Bald Romano

American School of Classical Studies, Athens, Greece

Cult Images

F. E. Romer

Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures, East Carolina University

Geography

C. Brian Rose

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Troy

Ralph M. Rosen

Department of Classical Studies, University of Pennsylvania

Archilochus

Poetry, Greek: The Iambic Tradition

Satyr Play

Nathan Rosenstein

Department of History, Ohio State University

Mos Maiorum

Patricians

Plebeians

Andreola Rossi

Department of Classics, Amherst College

Maecenas

Achim Rost

Universität Osnabrück, Alte Geschichte–Archäologie der Römischen Provinzen, Osnabrück, Germany

Teutoburg Forest

Roman Roth

School of Languages and Literature, University of Cape Town

Archaeology: Sites Elsewhere in Europe

Carrie Roth-Murray

Department of Archaeology, University of Wales, Lampeter

Archaeology: Sites Elsewhere in Europe

Susan I. Rotroff

Department of Classics, Washington University, St. Louis

Pottery

Philip Rousseau

Center for the Study of Early Christianity, Catholic University of America

Eusebius of Caesarea

Jerome

Christopher Rowe

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Durham, United Kingdom

Plato

Gregory D. Rowe

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, University of Victoria, British Columbia

Julio-Claudian Emperors

Senate

Titus

Vespasian

Ingrid D. Rowland

University of Notre Dame School of Architecture, Rome

Vitruvius

Jane Rowlandson

Department of Classics, King's College London

Egypt: Roman Egypt

Jeffrey Rusten

Department of Classics, Cornell University

Thucydides

Ian Rutherford

Department of Classics, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Poetry, Greek: Lyric

Rhapsodes

Will Rutherford

Centre for the Study of Christian Origins, University of Edinburgh

Monotheism

Loren J. Samons II

Department of Classical Studies, Boston University

Finance, Greek

Thomas F. Scanlon

Classical Studies Program, University of California, Riverside

Athletics, Greek

Olympian Games

Walter Scheidel

Department of Classics, Stanford University

Epidemics

Population and Demography, Roman

Edward Schiappa

Department of Communication Studies, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Gorgias of Leontini

Rhetoric, Greek

Maridien Schneider

Department of Ancient Studies, Stellenbosch University, South Africa

Catiline

Clodia

Clodius

Crassus

Celia E. Schultz

Department of Classics, Yale University

Divination and Diviners

Sibyls and the Sibylline Books

Peter Schultz

Department of Art, Concordia College

Nike

Ruth Scodel

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Hesiod

JoAnn Scurlock

Elmhurst College

Babylon

David Sedley

University of Cambridge

Teleology

John Sellars

Department of Philosophy, University of the West of England

Marcus Aurelius: The Philosopher

Alexander Sens

Department of Classics, Georgetown University

Apollonius of Rhodes

Callimachus of Cyrene

Theocritus

J. Mira Seo

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Cooks and Cookbooks

Food and Drink, Roman

H. A. Shapiro

Department of Classics, Johns Hopkins University

Narrative, Artistic

Julia L. Shear

Department of Classics, University of Glasgow, Scotland

Tyrannicides, Representations of

Susan C. Shelmerdine

Department of Classical Studies, University of North Carolina, Greensboro

Creation Myths

Monsters

Myths of Divine Punishment

Kim S. Shelton

Department of Classics, University of California, Berkeley

Mycenae: Archaeology of Mycenae

Gillian Shepherd

Institute of Archaeology and Antiquity, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom

Magna Graecia

Syracuse

Robert Shorrock

Department of Classics, Eton College, United Kingdom

Poetry, Greek: Overview from 1 ce

David Sider

Department of Classics, New York University

Derveni Papyrus

Elizabeth Simpson

Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts

Furniture

Ulrich Sinn

Department of Antiquity, University of Würzburg, Germany

Olympia

Niall W. Slater

Department of Classics, Emory University

Petronius

Plautus

Amy C. Smith

Department of Classics, University of Reading, United Kingdom

Personification in Art

Andrew Smith

School of Classics, University College Dublin

Neoplatonists

Plotinus

Porphyry

Christopher J. Smith

School of Classics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Allia, Battle of

Alliances

Family and Kinship, Roman: Roman Kinship

Latins

Robin Smith

Department of Philosophy, Texas A&M University

Logic

Rowland Smith

School of Historical Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Julian

Carolyn Snively

Department of Classics, Gettysburg College

Thessalonica

Konstantinos Spanoudakis

Department of Philology, University of Crete

Poetry, Greek: Post-Classical Greek Epic

Kiersten Johanna Spongberg

Department of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology, Bryn Mawr College

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim

Andrew Stewart

Departments of Classics and History of Art, University of California, Berkeley

Alexander the Great: Artistic Representations

David Stone

Department of Classics, Florida State University

Archaeology: Sites in North Africa

Shelley C. Stone III

Department of Art, California State University, Bakersfield

Toga

Richard Stoneman

University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Alexander Historians

Alexander Romance

Antiquarianism

Travel and Tourism in Classical Lands, Modern

Travel and Tourism, Ancient

Zenobia

Christopher Stray

Department of Classics, University of Wales, Swansea

Housman, A. E.

Murray, Gilbert

Peter Struck

University of Pennsylvania

Dreams and Dream Interpretation

Mary Sturgeon

Department of Art, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Theater Buildings

Geoffrey S. Sumi

Department of Classics and Italian, Mount Holyoke College

Dictator

Pompey

Triumph

Richard J. A. Talbert

Department of History, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Emperor

David W. Tandy

Department of Classics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Economy and Economic Theory, Greek

Pylos

Liba Taub

Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge

Meteorology

C. C. W. Taylor

Corpus Christi College, Oxford, Emeritus

Socrates

Rabun Taylor

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Rome: The City of Rome

Nicola Terrenato

Department of Classical Studies, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Sabines

Nikola Theodossiev

Sofia University, St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria

Thrace

Carol G. Thomas

Department of History, University of Washington

Greece: Prehistory to the End of the Bronze Age

Greece: The Bronze Age: Addition

Greece: The Dark Age

James Thorne

Department of Ancient Classics, National University of Ireland, Maynooth

Frontiers

Jennifer Tobin

Department of Classics and Mediterranean Studies, University of Illinois, Chicago

Patronage: Artistic Patronage

Daniel P. Tompkins

Temple University

Finley, M. I.

Yun Lee Too

Independent Scholar, New York City

Isocrates

Peter Toohey

Department of Greek and Roman Studies, University of Calgary, Alberta

Death: Death and Burial in the Ancient World

Suicide, Roman

Kathryn Topper

Department of Classics, University of Washington

Symposium

Isabelle Torrance

Department of Classics, University of Notre Dame

Oaths, Greek

Laurence M. V. Totelin

School of History and Archaeology, University of Cardiff, Wales

Birth and Reproduction

Gynecology

Alain Touwaide

National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Aphrodisiacs

Botany

Pharmacology

Rhys F. Townsend

Art History Program, Clark University

Choregic Monuments

Susan Treggiari

Faculty of Ancient History and Classical Archaeology, University of Oxford

Freedmen and Freedwomen

Marriage and Divorce: Roman Marriage

Lawrence A. Tritle

Department of History, Loyola Marymount University

Mantinea, Battle of

Peloponnesian Wars

Pericles

Dennis E. Trout

Department of Classical Studies, University of Missouri, Columbia

Ausonius

Monika Truemper

Department of Classics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Delos: Archaeology of Delos

Barbara Tsakirgis

Department of Classical Studies, Vanderbilt University

Domestic Architecture

Palaces

Gocha R. Tsetskhladze

Centre for Classics and Archaeology, University of Melbourne, Australia

Black Sea

Bosporus, Kingdom of

Nomads

Rostovtzeff, M. I.

Scythia

Scythian Art

Judy Ann Turner

Department of Classics, University of Florida

Priests and Priestesses, Greek

Religion: Greek Religion

William Turpin

Swarthmore College

Names, Roman

Oaths, Roman

Wm. Blake Tyrrell

Department of French, Classics, and Italian, Michigan State University

Attica: Attic Myths and Legends

Myth

Mythic Wars and Battles

Mythography

Jaimee Uhlenbrock

State University of New York, New Paltz, Emerita

Terra-cotta Figurines

Roger Ulrich

Department of Classics, Dartmouth College

Roofs and Roofing

Kevin van Bladel

Department of Classics, University of Southern California

Hermes Trismegistus

Raymond H. Van Dam

Department of History, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

Constantine

Annewies van den Hoek

Harvard Divinity School

Origen

Philo

Jan Willem van Henten

Department of Art, Religion, and Culture, University of Amsterdam

Martyrs, Martyrdom, and Martyr Literature

Perpetua

Frances Van Keuren

University of Georgia

Hercules: Artistic Representations of Hercules

Thomas Van Nortwick

Department of Classics, Oberlin College

Hector

Penelope

Maude Vanhaelen

Departments of Classics and Italian, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Philosophy: Greek Philosophy in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance

Zsuzsanna Várhelyi

Department of Classical Studies, Boston University

Imperial Cult, Roman

Marjorie S. Venit

Department of Art History and Archaeology, University of Maryland, College Park

Tombs

Sabine Vogt

Independent Scholar, Berlin

Physiognomy

Katharina Volk

Department of Classics, Columbia University

Astrology

Latin: The Pronunciation of Latin

Lucretius

Meter, Latin

Poetry, Latin: Didactic Poetry

Stephen Wagley

Independent Scholar, New York City

Classical Tradition: Music

Gisela Walberg

Department of Classics, University of Cincinnati

Evans, Arthur

Phaestus

Rex Wallace

Department of Classics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

Italy, Languages of

Robert W. Wallace

Department of Classics, Northwestern University

Historiography, Greek

John Walsh

Department of Classics, University of Otago, New Zealand

Lamian War

Justin St. P. Walsh

School of Art, Louisiana State University

Sicily: Archaeology of Sicily

James C. Walters

School of Theology, Boston University

Paul

P. Gregory Warden

Department of Art History, Southern Methodist University

Etruscans: Art and Archaeology

Veii

Valerie M. Warrior

Independent Scholar, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Aeneas

Iulus and the Julian Family

Romulus and Remus

Alex Watts-Tobin

Independent Scholar, Cumbria, United Kingdom

Ephor

Gerousia

Peloponnesian League

Michael Weiss

Department of Linguistics, Cornell University

Indo-European Languages

Peter S. Wells

Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities

Germans

Steven H. Werlin

Department of Religious Studies, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

Archaeology: Sites Elsewhere in the Middle East

Bonna D. Wescoat

Department of Art History, Emory University

Tholos

M. L. West

All Souls College, Oxford

Homer

Pat Wheatley

Department of Classics, University of Otago, New Zealand

Diadochi and Successor Kingdoms

Ipsus, Battle of

Everett L. Wheeler

Department of Classical Studies, Duke University

Military Treatises

Stephen Wheeler

Department of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies, Pennsylvania State University

Claudian

Poetry, Latin: Epic

Michael Whitby

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Warwick, United Kingdom

Justinian

Stephen A. White

Department of Classics, University of Texas, Austin

Diogenes Laertius

Philosophy: Overview

Posidonius of Apamea

Tim Whitmarsh

Corpus Christi College, Oxford

Lucian of Samosata

Second Sophistic

Bronwen Wickkiser

Department of Classical Studies, Vanderbilt University

Asclepius

Epidaurus

James Wilberding

School of Historical Studies, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Embryology

Susanne Wilbers-Rost

Department of Archaeology, Museum und Park Kalkriese, Bramsche, Germany

Teutoburg Forest

John Wilkins

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom

Athenaeus

Gareth Williams

Department of Classics, Columbia University

Seneca the Younger

James Williams

Department of History, State University of New York, Geneseo

Corinthian War

Lelantine War

Callie Williamson

Independent Scholar, Spring Hope, North Carolina

Political Structure and Ideology, Roman: The Republic

Tribune

R. J. A. Wilson

Department of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies, University of British Columbia, Vancouver

Villa

T. P. Wiseman

Department of Classics and Ancient History, University of Exeter, United Kingdom, Emeritus

Bacchus

Catullus

Cybele and Attis

Georg Wöhrle

Zentrum für Altertumswissenschaften, Klassische Philologie, Universität Trier, Germany

Thales

Theophrastus

Roger Woodard

Department of Classics, University at Buffalo, State University of New York

Language, Theories of

Linguistic Theory

A. J. Woodman

Department of Classics, University of Virginia

Tacitus

Velleius Paterculus

Paul Woodruff

Department of Philosophy, University of Texas, Austin

Human Nature

Protagoras of Abdera

Relativism

Greg Woolf

School of Classics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Fustel de Coulanges, Numa-Denys

Greece: The Greco-Roman World

Patronage: Social Patronage

Ian Worthington

Department of History, University of Missouri, Columbia

Lycurgus of Athens

Alfons Wouters

Department of Classics, University of Leuven, Belgium

Grammarians

John Wynne

Department of Classics, Northwestern University

Atheism

Alexander Yakobson

Department of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Elections and Voting

Freedom

Mehmet Fatih Yavuz

Department of History, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey

Anatolia

Bithynia, Kingdom of

Byzantium

Cappadocia

Caria

Ephesus: Archaeology of Ephesus

Ephesus: Historical Overview

Galatia

John G. Younger

Department of Classics, University of Kansas, Lawrence

Seals and Sealing Rings

Katerina Zacharia

Department of Classics and Archaeology, Loyola Marymount University

Hellenism

Leonid Zhmud

Institute for the History of Science, Russian Academy of the Sciences, Saint Petersburg

Lyceum