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date: 07 October 2022

Economic Development. 

The Oxford Encyclopedia Women in World History
Valentine M. MoghadamValentine M. Moghadam

Economic development became a prominent field after World War II in connection with the prospects of what came to be called underdeveloped, decolonizing, developing, or Third World countries. Between the 1950s and the 1980s a number of theories of economic development and various policy strategies emerged, and the growth of “development studies” reflected cross‐disciplinary interest in the subject. Themes included the role of agriculture and industrialization in economic growth, rural‐urban labor migration, employment creation, population dynamics, poverty alleviation, and “human capital” formation through education. In the early decades women were not regarded as agents of or participants in development, but the 1970s saw the emergence of the field of ... ...

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