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date: 23 February 2020

Roads and Turnpikes, Early. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
John MajewskiJohn Majewski

Turnpikes, an important organizational innovation that significantly improved roads in nineteenth-century America, were state-chartered corporations that built roads (sometimes on a preexisting roadbed) in return for the right to charge travelers a specified toll. The financial resources of the turnpike corporations gave them a significant advantage over local governments, which usually relied on the labor of uncooperative farmers and the dubious ... ...

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