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date: 30 November 2022


The Oxford Companion to United States History
Colleen A. DunlavyColleen A. Dunlavy

The railroad's basic principle—lessening the power needed to move objects over land by putting them on rails—had been used since the late eighteenth century, but the railroad took on its modern form in the late 1820s when steam locomotives came into use. English engineers established an early lead in this development, but Americans quickly caught up, often by visiting England to examine the latest innovations. By the 1830s, civil and military engineers such as ... ...

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