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date: 10 July 2020

Political Parties. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Joel H. SilbeyJoel H. Silbey

Influenced by the eighteenth century's classical republican intellectual tradition, America's founding fathers were hostile to political parties, believing them to be corrupt advocates of narrow factional interests. Political parties emerged, nevertheless, when Hamiltonians and Jeffersonians, soon Federalists and Republicans, squared off to define the authority of the new federal government in the 1790s. Much was at stake as a multitude of social, economic, and regional interests bred unremitting conflict. As political leaders addressed these issues, they mobilized support across a large landscape in order to contest regular elections on behalf of different policy initiatives. The Federalists, their strength centered among the social and economic elite of the ... ...

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