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date: 23 May 2022

Philosophy. 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to United States History
Author(s):
Daniel J. WilsonDaniel J. Wilson

Philosophy in America has a long history, traceable at least to Jonathan Edwards in the mid–eighteenth century. For the most part, the discipline has been centered in colleges and universities where philosophy has taken on many roles: handmaiden to theology, instructor in morals for young men, mediator of the conflicting claims of science and religion, foundational ground for human thought and action, and participant in a wider cultural conversation. From Edwards in his study, the discipline has grown to encompass several thousand men and women teaching and writing philosophy. Like the other academic disciplines, philosophy in the twentieth century developed characteristic institutions: Ph.D.-granting graduate departments, refereed journals, professional organizations, and academic meetings. The development of American philosophy has thus been marked by both the achievements of individual philosophers and the rise of an academic discipline.... ...

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