Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE ( (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2013. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 04 July 2020

Military, The. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
David F. TraskDavid F. Trask

The military exists principally to counter external threats to the nation, although on occasion it may react to domestic unrest such as civil disorder. The American military has often mirrored other nations’ armed forces, but unique circumstances have led to significant differences as well. Two influences account for these variations. European rulers often used their armies to exploit the citizenry. Many immigrants abhorred such treatment and harbored antimilitarist sentiments, which tended to limit the military and denied it an influential societal function. Moreover, the American colonies did not require a large military. To provide local defense and maintain order, voluntary (although sometimes conscripted) militia performed temporary, part-time service.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.