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date: 29 November 2021

Livestock Industry. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
J'Nell L. PateJ'Nell L. Pate

Various means of marketing livestock developed in colonial America. Boston became a market town in the seventeenth century, as did nearby Brighton a century later, as holding pens surrounded slaughterhouses where citizens purchased fresh meat. Similar arrangements existed at Lancaster, Pennsylvania and on Manhattan Island in the Middle Colonies and farther south in Carolina “cowpens.” As settlers migrated westward to Kentucky and Ohio, Louisville and Cincinnati emerged as leaders in the livestock industry. Processing techniques introduced by German hog butchers influenced the mid-nineteenth-century meat industries while turnpikes and canals facilitated marketing.... ...

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