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date: 26 October 2021

Landscape Design. 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to United States History
Author(s):
Joan E. DraperJoan E. Draper

Landscape design means shaping land forms, plants, and site features such as walls or water courses for utilitarian and aesthetic purposes. The term “landscape architecture” connotes the work of professionals. Landscape design began in America with the arrival of Europeans, who adapted landscape forms to the terrain, climates, and flora they encountered. Colonists created landscapes in the wilderness, ordering the arrangement of dwellings, gardens, fields, mills, and roads, in juxtaposition to the unknown world beyond the edges of settlements. These alterations to the land reflected economic practices and belief systems. Virginia planters organized their farms to earn a living and to demonstrate that they were masters of their realm. The few geometric gardens they made were decorative correlatives to well-drained fields and securely fenced yards. Thomas ... ...

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