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date: 05 December 2020

Intelligence Gathering and Espionage. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
John FerrisJohn Ferris, Paul S. BoyerPaul S. Boyer

“Intelligence” is information gathered by a government or other institution to guide decisions and actions; “espionage” is the collection of intelligence through clandestine means. Deeply rooted in world history, both intelligence and espionage have figured in U.S. history from the earliest days of the republic. George ... ...

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