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date: 20 October 2021


The Oxford Companion to United States History
Walter LichtWalter Licht

Industrialization encompasses the growth of manufacturing, the increased adoption of mechanical means of production and natural-resource forms of energy, the spread of the wage-labor system, and the advent of factory enterprise. Although industrial development in the United States dates to the 1820s, the process unfolded unevenly in different trades and regions at different times and rates. In the late twentieth century, with plant closings and significant losses in manufacturing jobs, the United States experienced industrial decline.... ...

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