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date: 07 July 2020

Gay and Lesbian Rights Movement. 

Source:
The Oxford Companion to United States History
Author(s):
Daniel HurewitzDaniel Hurewitz, Paul S. BoyerPaul S. Boyer

The movement to protect gay and lesbian civil rights emerged in the wake of World War II. Thousands of men and women who had thrived in the military's same-sex worlds began understanding their sexual activities as central to their identities. They settled in the nation's cities, constructing social lives for themselves that dramatically expanded the previously small homosexual subcultures. Although in the past those subcultures—of private parties; select bars; and, for men, certain parks and bathhouses—were occasionally glimpsed and even celebrated by the larger public, from the mid-1930s onward homosexuality and cross-dressing were increasingly penalized. Bars were raided and patrons arrested, the ... ...

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