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date: 11 August 2022


The Oxford Companion to United States History
Daniel Scott SmithDaniel Scott Smith

Demography examines the sources and consequences of population increases or decreases.This, in turn, involves assessing the rates of birth, death, and geographic movement—fertility, mortality, and migration. Historically, American demography fits into a three-stage progression characteristic of societies that now have low birth and death rates. Convenient labels for these three stages are Malthusian-frontier, neo-Malthusian, and post-Malthusian. (The term “Malthusian” comes from ... ...

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