Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD REFERENCE (www.oxfordreference.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single entry from a reference work in OR for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 23 January 2022

Child Labor. 

The Oxford Companion to United States History
Walter I. TrattnerWalter I. Trattner

Child labor, long a feature of American rural life, grew enormously and changed character with the industrialization of the late nineteenth century. On farms and in coal mines, on city streets and in tenements, in mills and canneries, almost two million children, some as young as five and six years old, worked long hours for a pittance, often under harsh conditions.... ...

Access to the complete content on Oxford Reference requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.