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date: 19 August 2019

Furnivall, Frederick James

The Oxford Companion to English Literature
Dinah BirchDinah Birch

Furnivall, Frederick James (1825–1910) Philologist and reformer, 

educated at University College London and Trinity College, Cambridge. He began his career as a barrister, but soon devoted his great energy to educational, philological, and literary pursuits. He was from 1847 a member of the Philological Society, and became its secretary; in 1861 he became editor of the proposed New English Dictionary which developed into the Oxford English Dictionary. He founded the Early English Text Society (1864), the Chaucer Society (1868), the Ballad Society (1869), the New Shakspere Society (1873), the Wyclif Society (1881), the Browning Society (1881), and the Shelley Society (1886), and himself edited many texts. A friend of John Ruskin and Charles Kingsley, Furnivall was also a leader in the movement for popular education, supported women's rights, and taught grammar at the Working Men's College founded in 1854.