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date: 15 January 2021

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The Oxford Companion to English Literature
Dinah BirchDinah Birch

A religious society founded in 1648–50 by George *Fox, distinguished by faith in the Inner Light, the spiritual equality of men and women, refusal of oaths, plain egalitarian dress, language, and manners, and antagonism to paid clergy and forms of worship. The movement was regarded as subversive by both the Protectorate and the restored monarchy, and heavily persecuted. Each member was also a minister, and the message was carried to the Netherlands, Rome, America, and Turkey. ... ...

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