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date: 27 May 2019

theocracy (Gk. θεοκρατία‎, ‘government by God’). 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
F. L. CrossF. L. Cross, E. A. LivingstoneE. A. Livingstone

The term was coined by Flavius *Josephus (Contra Apionem, 2. 16) to denote the political organization of the Jewish people, as the purest example of a theocracy. Before the institution of the kingship in Israel, Yahweh was regarded as the supreme ruler of the Hebrews, whose laws constituted at the same time religious and civil obligations, and even after the election of a king, the kings were vicegerents of Yahweh, though (in Judah at least) they claimed a status which some prophets saw as derogating from the authority of Yahweh (... ...

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