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date: 24 September 2020

Frederick I (Barbarossa) (c. 1122–90), German 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church
F. L. CrossF. L. Cross, E. A. LivingstoneE. A. Livingstone

King and Emperor. On the death of his uncle, Conrad III, in 1152, the German princes elected Frederick of Swabia King, partly because he was on his mother's side a Guelph, as well as being a Hohenstaufen on his father's. He secured peace in the German kingdom by the gradual introduction of a new system of quasi-regal duchies which replaced the old tribal units, and by allowing his Guelph cousin, ... ...

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