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date: 10 August 2020

finance, Roman 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

‘Taxes are the sinews of the state.’ So claimed both Cicero and Domitius Ulpianus (Ulpian). Despite this recognition of the central importance of taxation, no systematic ancient treatment of Roman public finance survives. Extended financial documents are also rare. Many details about (e.g.) the allocation and collection of taxes or about the character of fiscal institutions remain obscure. Even so, the broad features of the history and development of Roman public finance through the republic and the Principate can be delineated with some confidence.... ...

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