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date: 26 February 2021


The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

god of love. Eros personified does not occur in Homer, but the Homeric passages in which the word ĕrōs is used give a clear idea of the original significance. It is the violent physical desire that drives Paris to Helen, Zeus to Hera, and shakes the limbs of the suitors of Penelope. A more refined conception of this Eros who affects mind and body appears in the Archaic lyric poets. Because his power brings peril, he is cunning, unmanageable, cruel; in ... ...

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