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date: 11 August 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

During the New Kingdom (Dynasties 18–20, c.1575–1087bc) Egypt expanded into Asia. This great age of Egyptian militarism created in the 18th Dynasty an empire which stretched from the Euphrates to beyond the Fourth Cataract in Nubia, and the resources generated made possible remarkable achievements in the visual arts, esp. great temples such as those of Karnak and Luxor and the mortuary temples of west Thebes as well as the brilliantly decorated tombs in the Valleys of the Kings and Queens. The decline in Egypt's imperial position at the end of the dynasty was reversed by Seti I and Ramesses II in the early 19th Dynasty, but they never succeeded in recovering all the territory lost in Asia. The later New Kingdom is largely characterized by gradual decline. The Late Dynastic period (Dynasties 21–31, ... ...

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