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date: 28 September 2020

agriculture, Greek 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

Life in historical Greece was sustained by barley and wheat, sown mostly in the autumn as field crops dependent on rainfall between autumn and spring. Cultivation with a simple wooden plough (ard), sometimes tipped with iron, to break up the surface of the soil for receiving seeds in autumn, is treated as normal by ancient sources, but it is uncertain whether smallholders could produce enough to feed a pair of plough‐oxen in addition to their own households. For them hand cultivation by spade and hoe must have been common.... ...

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