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date: 27 May 2020

Cynics (‘the dog‐like’), 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

term used of Diogenes (2) ‘the dog’ (so called for his shamelessness) and his followers. Cynicism was never a formal philosophical school but rather a way of life grounded in an extreme primitivist interpretation of the principle ‘live according to nature’. Diogenes having discovered the true way of life, there was little diversity or development within Cynicism, though ‘hard’ Cynics (rigorous exponents of the original prescription, found at all periods) can be distinguished from ‘soft’ Cynics (who compromised varyingly with existing social and political institutions), practical Cynicism from literary Cynicism (Cynicism as written or written about), and Cynics (in some sense) from those influenced by Cynicism.... ...

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