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date: 07 August 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

In Greek‐speaking areas no cursus honorum on the Roman republican model emerged. Though Thucydides (2) credited the Spartan army with a clear hierarchical command structure, promotions and careers within it were by appointment and co‐optation rather than by election. Hence they were as much a matter of belonging to a notable lineage, or of influence with kings or ephors, as of merit. At Athens a simple hierarchy of military command in both infantry and cavalry is attested. Re‐election to the generalship (... ...

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