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date: 01 March 2021

Athens, topography 

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
Author(s):
John RobertsJohn Roberts

The central fortress and principal sanctuary of Athena, patron goddess of the city. In the later 13th cent. bc the steep hill was enclosed by a massive wall. Within, there are Mycenaean terraces. The first monumental temples and sculptural dedications date to the 6th cent. Two large Doric temples of limestone with marble trim were built, along with a half‐dozen small temples or treasuries. Later quarrying has obliterated the foundations of all but one of the colonnaded temples (... ...

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