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date: 04 July 2020

Syracuse, 

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
Author(s):
John RobertsJohn Roberts

on the east coast of Sicily, was founded by the Corinthians, c.734 bc. See colonization, greek. The original foundation lay on the island of Ortygia, with an abundant spring (Arethusa) and flanked by two fine natural harbours, but almost immediately, as shown by the distribution of 8th‐cent. pottery, the settlement spread up to 1 km. (over ½ mi.) inland on the adjacent mainland (Achradina); the two were joined by an artificial causeway. Its early government was aristocratic, the ... ...

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