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date: 07 July 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

a hybrid creature, like the Chimaera. Illustrations can be traced back to Egypt and Mesopotamia. The sphinx possessed the body of an animal (usually a lion) and a human head (male or female). The sphinx became a popular figure in Greek art—monumental and funerary—of the Archaic and later periods. This is an extension of her role as guardian spirit. The only literary references, whence the name, are to a monster of Theban legend (... ...

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