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date: 28 November 2022

Salamis, battle of 

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

(480 bc).The Persians, tempted, perhaps, by a message from Themistocles, moved into the channel between the island and the mainland, almost certainly at night, to confront the Greek fleet, based on the island. Their intention was to surprise the Greeks at their anchorage, and prevent their escape by flanking their lines of retreat, but the Greeks were warned in time by a deserting ship from Tenos. When battle was joined in the morning, the two fleets were almost certainly aligned east–west, with the Persians along the shore of Attica, and in the initial stages the Phoenicians and other squadrons on the Persian right may have been isolated and outnumbered. But what actually happened is obscure. All we know is that the Persian fleet was defeated, and soon afterwards withdrew to Asia Minor.... ...

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