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date: 09 April 2020


The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World
John RobertsJohn Roberts

(Iuppiter), sovereign god of the Romans, bears a name referring to the ‘luminous sky’. He was known to all Italic peoples. Although associated with the sky, storms, and lightning, Jupiter was not just a god of natural phenomena. They expressed and articulated, in fact, his function as sovereign divinity. Jupiter was sovereign by virtue of his supreme rank and by the patronage derived from his exercise of supreme power. His supreme rank was signified by the fact that the god or his priest was always mentioned at the head of lists of gods or priests, and that the climactic point of the month, the Ides, was sacred to him. In addition, the Roman symbol of power, the ... ...

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