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date: 20 September 2020

Polycrates, 

Source:
Who's Who in the Classical World
Author(s):
Rosalind ThomasRosalind Thomas

tyrant of Samos, son of Aeaces, seized power c.535 bc, with his brothers Pantagnotus and Syloson, but soon made himself tyrant. Almost unrivalled in magnificence (Hdt. 3. 125, 122), he made Samos a great naval power, subjected neighbouring islands (Hdt. 3. 39, 122; Thuc. 1. 13), including Rheneia near Delos which he dedicated to Apollo (Thuc. 1. 13; 3. 104). He formed a defensive alliance with Amasis, king of Egypt, but seems to have broken it off deliberately (contrast the moralizing tale of Polycrates' ring in Hdt. 3. 39 ff.) when the Persian king Cambyses tried to acquire Egypt, and supplied Samian ships. The Samians mutinied and went over to Sparta; Sparta and Corinth, apparently to prevent Polycrates medizing, tried to overthrow him, unsuccessfully (... ...

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