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The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

John Bowker


(c.344–413 ce).

One of the greatest of Buddhist translators. Kumārajīva, who had grown up under the influence of the Hīnayāna, became acquainted with the Mahāyāna teachings and was converted to them. Captured by Chinese in 383, he studied Chinese until he was liberated and welcomed to Changan in 401, where he spent the rest of his life teaching and translating. He rendered many of the most important Mahāyāna sūtras and treatises into elegant and accurate Chinese.