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date: 01 December 2022

pharmaceutical industry 

The Oxford Companion to Medicine
Miles WeatherallMiles Weatherall

The pharmaceutical industry manufactures substances used for medical treatment — especially medicines, but also vaccines, artificial foods, disinfectants, and other ancillary materials. Its products are sold to governments for health services and through wholesale distributors to pharmacies and other shops. In developed countries, medicines are subject to extensive controls. Many can be obtained only on prescription by doctors, while the sale of others is restricted to registered pharmacies. These restrictions have a major influence on the trading practices of the industry.... ...

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