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date: 15 July 2020

Gulf War (Second) (1990–1) 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

As soon as Kuwait gained independence from the British in 1961, Iraq claimed the territory as its own, and subsequently the border between the two countries remained disputed. Kuwait not only hosted the world's third largest oil reserves, but its geographical position makes Iraqi access to the Persian Gulf extremely difficult. On ... ...

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