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date: 01 October 2020


A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

A 61 km (38 mile) strait between the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, and part of the strategic waterway that links the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. The strait has constituted a vital supply route for Russia, connecting its only winter ports to the outside world. During World War I, the British decided to force their way into the Dardanelles and thus reach the Turkish city of Constantinople by sea. In preparation for the attack, the Turkish coastal defences were bombarded between 19 and ... ...

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