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date: 20 September 2019

Bosnian Civil War (1992–5) 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

The longest and most violent European war in the second half of the twentieth century. It was caused by the opposition of the orthodox Serbian minority in Bosnia‐Herzegovina to the country's secession from Yugoslavia, as demanded by its Muslim majority. Supported by substantial military assistance from Serbia, the Bosnian Serbs scored successive wins over a Muslim army severely weakened by an international arms embargo. In the areas which came under its control, the Bosnian Serbs carried out a brutal programme of ‘ethnic cleansing’, whereby Muslims and Croats were expelled (and, in many cases, murdered) in order to create ethnically homogeneous areas under Serb control, and to present the Bosnian Muslims and the international community with a ... ...

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