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date: 14 October 2019

Iran–Iraq War (1980–8) 

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History

Christopher Riches,

Jan Palmowski

One of the longest wars of the century, and the costliest ($350 billion) and bloodiest (over 500,000 dead and one million wounded) war since World War II. It was fought over the Shatt‐al‐Arab waterway, the confluence of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers which forms Iraq's only access to the Persian Gulf. Disputed between Iran and Iraq since their existence, in ... ...

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